According to New Chronology, the timeline based on irrefutable facts and artifacts of Civilization does not exceed by much 1000 years. This theory does not cancel events, Pyramids, Great Walls, etc. but points to their more probable positions on the time axis.
Fact: Radiocarbon 14C dating is wrong as its calibration curve is based on samples delivered by Egyptologists of Alabama University who gave alleged age samples that suited them. Historians have smuggled consensual chronology into the radiocarbon dating method. The Dendrochronology dating for the European chain of samples is statistically nonrepresentative prior to the XVIth century and is limited to 1200 years. Therefore their cross-calibration with radiocarbon is erroneous per se.
The radiocarbon method elaborated in 1945-49 by Dr.Libby compares the number of atoms of radioactive isotope C14 in an organical ‘ancient’ sample to be dated to the number of atoms of C14 in the same material today. The precision of the method is extremely sensitive to the impurities contained in the sample. The obtained age of the ‘ancient’ sample depends on the level of radioactive isotope C14 in the ‘ancient’ as well as the level of radioactive isotope C14 in ‘modern. Both levels are not stable and depend on the intensity of cosmic rays that interact with atmospheric nitrogen. The older a sample is, the less C14 atoms there are to be detected because of the half-life of C14 (the period of time after which half of a given sample will have decayed) is about 5,730 years.
This method had initial exactitude at best of +/-100 years that turned into +/- 1000 years for the timeframe of A.D. due to the unknown quantities of CO2 during industrial revolutions of the last 200 years.
Better yet, the unknown quantities of the isotope C14 were added to the atmosphere of Earth as result of 499 tests of A and H-bombs by the USA, USSR, France, UK, China till 1963.
Corollary: climate data from consensual world history of alleged Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, India, China in models forecasting future climate changes is irrelevant because of the erroneous chronology of the latter. Use in your studies only the data from ice probes from Greenland and Antarctic, from ocean floor sediments.
Following the end of Ice Age about 10 000 years ago human hunter-gatherers form clans and tribes in the deltas of the rivers of the Northern Hemisphere that were propitious for the survival and multiplication of species.
In the timeframe of approximately 10 000 years due to the selective competition between clans and tribes, the populations of deltas reach by 500 AD the social level of the proto-states.
New Chronology strongly correlates with climate cycles in Europe of the last millennium confirmed by the ice probes from Greenland. Little Ice Age of 500-800 A.D. blocked the progress in Northern and Central Europe, the Warm Age of 800-1350 A.D. made accelerated progress and expansion of Civilization possible.
Little Ice Ages in 1350-1850 A.D. pushed Europeans into a chain of religious, social, industrial, commercial, transformations and revolutions.
The coincidence of minimum of sunspots during 11-year solar activity cycle, and Milankovitch orbital cycles starting 2019 suggest that facilitates the arrival of a new Little Ice Age, horrendous climate instability, floods, earthquakes and increased volcanic activity in 2019-2030 period.
Milankovitch cycles point to changes in the amount and location of solar radiation reaching the Earth. This is known as solar forcing. The changes experienced at 65° north due to the great amount of land at that latitude. Land masses change temperature more quickly than oceans.
The probability of the religious, social, industrial, commercial, transformations, upheavals, and revolutions for populations of Americas and Eurasia in the period of 2019-2030 is very considerable.
New Little Ice has started?
Dr. H.I. Abdussamatov
Pulkovo Observatory of the RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia
Since 1990, the Sun has been in the declining phase of the quasi-bicentennial variation in total solar irradiance (TSI). The decrease in the portion of TSI absorbed by the Earth since 1990 has remained uncompensated by the Earth’s long-wave radiation into space at the previous high level because of the thermal inertia of the world’s oceans. As a result, the Earth has, and will continue to have, a negative average annual energy balance and a long-term adverse thermal condition.
The quasi-centennial epoch of the new Little Ice Age has started at the end 2015 after the maximum phase of solar cycle 24. The start of a solar grand minimum is anticipated in solar cycle 27 ± 1 in 2043 ± 11 and the beginning of the phase of deep cooling in the new Little Ice Age in 2060 ± 11. The gradual weakening of the Gulf Stream leads to stronger cooling in the zone of its action in western Europe and the eastern parts of the United States and Canada. Quasi-bicentennial cyclic variations of TSI together with successive very important influences of the causal feedback effects are the main fundamental causes of corresponding alternations in climate variation from warming to the Little Ice Age.