The Chronology is to return to the realm of applied mathematics from the clergy that sequestrated it in the XVI-XVII centuries.

This website is dedicated to the theory of New Chronology elaborated by Dr. Anatoly T Fomenko et al in the course of 44 years of meticulous research with the toolbox of exact sciences. Initial impulse was given by the major discovery in the telluric system Earth-moon made in 1971 by NASA chief astrophysicist Dr. Robert R Newton. History: Fiction or Science? series of books and e-books is the most explosive tractate on history that was ever written.

The list of 1534 sources, illustrations from ancient manuscripts, and countless facts are attesting to the falsity of the chronology used nowadays. The dominating historical discourse was essentially crafted in the XVI-XVII century from a rather contradictory jumble of sources such as innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts whose originals had vanished in the Dark Ages, the allegedly irrefutable proof offered by late medieval astronomers resting upon the power of ecclesial authorities.

The consensual world history was manufactured in Europe in XVI-XIX centuries with political agenda of powers of that period on the basis of erroneous clerical chronology elaborated in XVI-XVII centuries by Kabbalist-numerologist Joseph Justus Scaliger and Jesuit Dionysius Petavius. The objections to such chronology by Sir Isaac Newton or Jean Hardouin (Curator of Louvre under Louis XVI) were discarded.

Thank you for your interest!

Authors and Personalities

Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko (b. 1945). Full Member (Academician) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Full Member of the International Higher Education Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of the Moscow State University Section of Mathematics of the Department of Mathematics and Mechanics. Solved Plateau’s Problem from the theory of minimal spectral surfaces. Author of the theory of invariants and topological classification of integrable Hamiltonian dynamic systems. Laureate of the 1996 National Premium of the Russian Federation (in Mathematics) for a cycle of works on the Hamiltonian dynamical systems and manifolds’ invariants theory. Author of 200 scientific publications, 28 monographs, and textbooks on mathematics, a specialist in geometry and topology, calculus of variations, symplectic topology, Hamiltonian geometry and mechanics, computational geometry. Author of a number of books on the development of new empirical-statistical methods and their application to the analysis of historical chronicles as well as the chronology of antiquity and the Middle Ages.

Gleb Vladimirovich Nosovskiy (b. 1958). Candidate of Physics and Mathematics (MSU,Moscow, 1988), a specialist in the theory of probability, mathematical statistics, the theory of probabilistic processes, theory of optimization, stochastic differential equations, computer modeling of stochastic processes, computer simulation.Worked as a researcher of computer geometry in Moscow Space Research Institute, in Moscow Machine Tools and Instruments Institute, in Aizu University in Japan. Faculty member of the Department of Mathematics and Mechanics MSU.

Robert Russell Newton (1918-1991) was an American physicist, astronomer, and historian of science, best known for his book The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy (1977). In Newton’s view, Ptolemy was “the most successful fraud in the history of science”. Newton showed that Ptolemy had predominantly obtained the astronomical results described in his work The Almagest by computation, and not by the direct observations that Ptolemy described. According to R. Newton, that was a conscious falsification.

Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) was a French and Dutch philologist and historian best known for his works on chronology. Born in Agen, he in 1559 went to Paris to study Greek and Latin and then began to teach himself Hebrew, Arabic, Syrian, Persian, and the principal modern languages. He converted to Protestantism in 1562 and set out on travels to French and German universities and to Italy to study its antiquities.

After the Massacre of St. Bartholomew’s Day (August 1572) and the persecution of French Protestants, he went to Geneva, where he taught at an academy, returning to France in 1574. He was called to the University of Leiden (1593), where he became known as the most erudite scholar of his time. He remained there until his death.

Scaliger’s greatest work is the Opus de emendatione tempore (1583; “Study on the Improvement of Time”), a study of previous calendars. In it, he compared the computations of time made by the various civilizations of antiquity, corrected what he considered their errors, and for the first time placed chronology on a scientific basis as he perceived it.

Kabbalist-numerologist Scaliger had considered himself in vain a great mathematician that solved the  ‘Quadrature of Circle’ problem by making π=3.16 (sic!). This ‘discovery’ was laughed at by the French mathematician François Viete, considered to be the father of algebra.

His other major work is Thesaurus temporum, complectens Eusebi Pamphili Chronicon (1609; “The Thesaurus of Time, Including the Chronicle of Eusebius Pamphilus”), a reconstruction of the Chronicle of the early Christian historian Eusebius Pamphilus and a collection of Greek and Latin remnants placed in chronological order.

Two other treatises (published in 1604 and 1616) established numismatics, the study of coins, as a new and reliable tool in historical research. His other works were collected and published posthumously in 1610, and two collections of his correspondence appeared in 1624 and 1627.

Dionysius Petavius (Denis Pétau, 1583-1652) that followed in the steps of Joseph Scaliger, was a French Jesuit theologian. Born at Orléans, attended the University of Paris, then he followed the theological lectures at the Sorbonne. In 1603 was appointed to a lectureship at the University of Bourges, but resigned two years later to become a Jesuit.

Pétau had inserted some masterly dissertations on chronology; in 1627 he brought out his De doctrina temporum, and later the Tabulae chronologicae (1628, 1629, 1633, 1657). It surpassed Scaliger’s De Emendatione temporum (Paris, 1583), and prepared the ground for the works of the Benedictines. A summary of it appeared in 1633 (1635, 1641, etc.) under the title of Rationarium temporum, of which numerous reprints and translations into French, English, and Italian have been made.

Denis taught rhetoric at Reims, La Flèche, and at the Collège de Clermont. Later taught positive theology for twenty-two years. In 1629, at the invitation of Philip IV, taught ecclesiastical history at Madrid; in 1639, at the invitation of Pope Urban VIII, became a cardinal in Rome. A crater on the Moon is named Petavius in his honor.

“Discussing the Divine Comedy with Dante”

Painting by Dai Dudu, Li Tiezi and Zhang An (2006)

You have certainly noticed the extraordinary painting in our website’s header and are curious who exactly is depicted there. The painting is by little-known Chinese artists Dai Dudu, Li Tiezi and Zhang An (who appear in the top right of the picture). It has become an internet hit in 2006, with people fascinated by the challenge of trying to identify all 103 figures. They are perhaps the ultimate dinner party guests. Stalin engages Leonardo da Vinci in conversation, Beethoven serenades Audrey Hepburn on the piano and Shakespeare is sandwiched between Elvis and Mozart. Bill Clinton raises a glass in cheer, while Churchill smokes a cigar and Margaret Thatcher looks on… Surrounding them all are images of some of man’s defining creations – Stonehenge, the Pyramids, the typewriter, the car… The painting is full of humor and hidden sense. Seeing George W. Bush (21) with a telescope, one may think he is searching for Osama bin Laden, but the latter is… right behind him (22), leading the alleged Israeli tribes back to the desert. What makes “W” smile so happily then? Follow the direction of the telescope and you’ll see it on the TV screen.

  1. Bill Gates, Microsoft founder.
  2. Homer, Greek poet.
  3. Cui Jian, Chinese singer.
  4. Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary.
  5. Pavel Korchagin, the protagonist of the Soviet novel How the Steel was Tempered, as played by the Russian actor Vladimir Konkin.
  6. Bill Clinton, former U.S. President.
  7. Peter the Great, Russian tzar, emperor.
  8. Margaret Thatcher, former U.K. Prime Minister.
  9. Bruce Lee, Chinese American and Hong Kong martial artist.
  10. Winston Churchill, former U.K. Prime Minister.
  11. Henri Matisse, French painter.
  12. Genghis Khan, Mongol emperor.
  13. Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor.
  14. Che Guevara, Marxist guerrilla.
  15. Fidel Castro, Cuban leader.
  16. Marlon Brando, American actor.
  17. Yasser Arafat, former Palestinian leader.
  18. Julius Caesar, Roman emperor.
  19. Claire Lee Chennault, American military aviator.
  20. Luciano Pavarotti, Italian singer.
  21. George W. Bush, former U.S. President.
  22. Osama bin Laden.
  23. Charles, Prince of Wales.
  24. Liu Xiang, Chinese Olympic champion, hurdler.
  25. Kofi Annan, former UN Secretary-General.
  26. Zhang An, painter, co-author of this painting.
  27. Mikhail Gorbachev, former Soviet leader.
  28. Li Tiezi, Chinese painter, co-author of this painting.
  29. Dante Alighieri, Italian poet.
  30. Dai Dudu, Chinese painter, co-author of this painting.
  31. Pelé, Brazilian football player.
  32. Guan Yu, Chinese warlord.
  33. Ramses II, Egyptian pharaoh.
  34. Charles de Gaulle, former French President, general.
  35. Albert Nobel, Swedish chemist, founder of the Nobel Prizes.
  36. Franklin D. Roosevelt, former U.S. President.
  37. Ernest Hemingway, American novelist.
  38. Elvis Presley, American singer.
  39. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist, scientific director of the Manhattan Project.
  40. William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright.
  41. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer.
  42. Steven Spielberg, American film director.
  43. Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter.
  44. Marie Curie, Polish-French physicist.
  45. Zhou Enlai, Chinese statesman.
  46. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer.
  47. Laozi, Chinese philosopher.
  48. Marilyn Monroe, American actress.
  49. Salvador Dali, Spanish painter.
  50. Dowager Cixi, Chinese empress.
  51. Ariel Sharon, former Israeli Prime Minister.
  52. Qi Baishi, Chinese painter.
  53. Qin Shi Huang, Chinese emperor.
  54. Mother Teresa, Roman Catholic missionary.
  55. Song Qingling, Chinese politician.
  56. Rabindranath Tagore, Indian poet.
  57. Otto von Bismarck, Prussian German statesman.
  58. Run Run Shaw, Hong Kong media mogul.
  59. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher, writer.
  60. Audrey Hepburn, American actress.
  61. Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer.
  62. Adolf Hitler, German Nazi leader.
  63. Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist leader.
  64. Saddam Hussein, former President of Iraq.
  65. Maxim Gorky, Soviet writer.
  66. Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary.
  67. Den Xiaoping, Chinese statesman.
  68. Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet.
  69. Lu Xun, Chinese writer.
  70. Joseph Stalin, Soviet leader.
  71. Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian artist, scientist.
  72. Karl Marx, German philosopher.
  73. Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher.
  74. Abraham Lincoln, former U.S. President.
  75. Mao Zedong, Chinese leader.
  76. Charlie Chaplin, English-American actor and filmmaker.
  77. Henry Ford, founder of Ford Motor Company.
  78. Lei Feng, Chinese soldier, symbol of the Maoist propaganda.
  79. Norman Bethune, Canadian physician and medical innovator.
  80. Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis.
  81. Juan Antonio Samaranch, former International Olympic Committee president.
  82. Chiang Kai Shek, Chinese political and military leader.
  83. Queen Elizabeth II.
  84. Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist.
  85. Li Bai, Chinese poet.
  86. Corneliu Baba, Romanian painter.
  87. Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.
  88. Dwight Eisenhower, former U.S. President.
  89. Michael Jordan, American basketball player.
  90. Hideki Tojo, former Japanese Prime Minister.
  91. Michelangelo, Italian Renaissance painter.
  92. Yi Sun-Sin, Korean naval commander.
  93. Mike Tyson, American boxer.
  94. Vladimir Putin, Russian leader.
  95. Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author.
  96. Shirley Temple, American actress.
  97. Albert Einstein, German physicist.
  98. Moses, Hebrew religious leader.
  99. Confucius, Chinese philosopher.
  100. Gandhi, Indian political and spiritual leader.
  101. Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter.
  102. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter.
  103. Marcel Duchamp, French artist.

There is in fact a 104th figure (next to Osama bin Laden, 22), whose identity is unknown. This character was inspired by the photo taken by Henri Cartier-Bresson in Srinagar, Kashmir, 1948.

(Taken with permission from The Dot Connector Magazine, Issue 6, 2009.)