I familiarized myself with the works of A. T. Fomenko comparatively recently, and they impressed me greatly. What part of them struck me as the most stunning? First and foremost, it was the intellectual capacity observable behind them.
Continue reading “A Global Falsification of History”
I familiarized myself with the works of A. T. Fomenko comparatively recently, and they impressed me greatly. What part of them struck me as the most stunning? First and foremost, it was the intellectual capacity observable behind them.
New Chronology theory developed by Dr. Prof. Fomenko et al following the input of NASA astrophysicist Dr. Robert R. Newton reduces the timeline of human civilization to 1000 years taking into account only irrefutably dated events.
Moderators-historians throw out the baby toolbox of the New Chronology mathematical, statistical, and logical methods together with the sacro sacred Neutral Point of View (NPoV) rule of Wikipedia.
“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”– George Orwell, 1984.
By the middle of the XVIth century, the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies but was still inferior militarily was to free itself from the yoke and control of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia.
Homo sapience species starts in 2020 to reduce its population to the limits imposed by survival parameters and the size of the planet Earth.
By creating land an sea networks to reach new territories and develop commerce humans ensure an exchange of deadly illnesses, plagues. See Silk Road that brought bubonic plague to Europe, and decimated half of its population. See conquest by Spain of Americas that ruined Actecs and Incas, decimated their populations but brought in exchange malaria and syphilis back.
By XXI century Agriculture turns into Agroindustry. To raise output of poultry, porc, beef, it adds antibiotics, hormones. To raise profits it squeezes hens, swines, cattle into boxes and cages, it reduces their lifespan with genetical engineering.
To make superprofits humans don’t spare their own health. AKA by replacing sugar in soft drinks with sweeteners and introducing fasfoods that contain glutamate, which turn consumers into fastfood addicts, humans become overweight diabetics and reduce their multiplication.
Following the rasing of living , social and educational standards of population women limit the number of children they bare. LGBT movement turn sex, religions and childbearing into a farce.
By 2020 vested interest start an operation of reduction of population worldwide. Mass media runs an unbridled fearmongering pandemics campaign. Governements are pushed into lockdowns that damage world economy and livelihoods of millions.
According to population genetics and anthropology, our homo sapiens subspecies sapiens (anatomically modern humans H.s.s) has grown to the alleged population of 7.5 billion from a group of 20-30 persons that appeared in Africa 120-150 000 years ago and moved back and forth through Sinai to Eurasia, Australia, North and South America.
H.s.s was formed as an aggressive and prone to multiplication in geometrical progression species. It had its cognitive revolution and reached as the hunter gatherer the top ladder of mamal species by the end of Ice Age that blocked its multiplication. Ice Age ended 12 000 years ago, the omnivore species began agricultural revolution to unfold its multiplication capacities.
Population growth led to domestication of plants and animals and permanent settlements that turned into kingdoms and empires that invented script, money and religions. Neither wars or plagues couldn’t stop this growth.
Scientific, industrial revolutions and social revolutions that took place 500, 200, 100 years have on one hand ago accelerated growth of population, and on the other produced ways and means for conflicts between kingdoms, empires, ideologies.
Global population is actually increasing by about 1.5 percent per year, a growth rate (should it persist) that in less than half a century will double the number of people who live on the planet.
Modern medical techniques are producing life extension but not healthy life extension, and we are seeing numbers of old and chronically sick or disabled elderly people in increasingly longer economically unproductive retirements, they are the first to die in covid pandemics.
The ability of the Earth to sustain the human population, posed by Malthus over 200 years ago, is a serious question. Food and energy demands are increasing. Dependence on finite resources for energy and water is already threatening international stability. Exponential population growth can only make matters worse.
Improving economic development in the most populous countries of the developing world (India, China) is leading to changing patterns of demand, as people seek more affluent lifestyles. Consequently, the brith rate is decreasing there.
Air quality resulting from over-rapid industrialisation is becoming a major problem that will have major public health effects. The likely determinants of climate change, usually attributed to the developed nations, are now spread throughout the developing world, making the ability of nations to achieve the targets signed-up to at Kyoto unlikely to be achieved.
Rather than simply equating population policy with family planning, the new thinking is that population growth should be stabilised – and development enhanced – by attacking some of the roots of the problem: by improving women’s access to education, health care, and economic and political decisions.
Examples from various cultures
China has operated a one-child policy for a number of years, enforced though a system of fines, relaxed after mass bereavements such as Sichuan Earthquake; the focus of China on population control helps provide a better health service for women and a reduction in the risks of death and injury associated with pregnancy.
At family planning offices, women receive free contraception and pre-natal classes. Help is provided for pregnant women to closely monitor their health. Culturally, traditional religious practice requires a son to perform the parents’ funerals, leading to resistance to the policy in some rural areas when the first-born is as girl.
Growth has indeed slowed, yet during 1996 China added 13 million people to its numbers. Rural folk have been less cooperative; however, the one-child policy has achieved statistical wonders. In one generation, China’s birth rates have plunged to 1.9 children per mother – a rate that, if sustained, will lead to depopulation.
According to a recent survey, ethnic minorities are currently growing about 7 times faster than Han Chinese.
The decline in population growth rate has exacerbated another problem familiar in the West: rapid ageing. There will be 129 million Chinese over the age of 60 as of the year 2000. By 2020, one in four will be elderly (twice the total present population of the United States) – a rare burden for a low income country.
The sex ratio at birth (between male and female births) in mainland China reached 117:100 in the year 2000, substantially higher than the natural baseline, which ranges between 103:100 and 107:100. This suggests differential abortion if the sex is known antenatally.
India operates a two-child policy. During 1970s they used forced sterilisation of the poor. India has greatly increased food production per head over last 20 years, making it better placed to absorb higher numbers. The country’s most recent approach to population issues focuses on the advancement of women economically, academically, and socially, as independent women are more likely to have small families.
Africa: birth rates in Africa are the highest in the world. By the year 2050, twenty percent of the world’s population will live on the African continent. That will be almost two thousand million people, up from eight hundred fifty-five million people today. Especially large population growth is expected in Nigeria, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Other countries likely to have major growth include Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Somalia and Uganda.
Kenya was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to view runaway population growth as a serious impediment to economic prosperity, and it became the first, in the late 1960s, to begin developing a national family-planning campaign. The country’s official population policy calls for matching population size with available resources, yet leaves decisions on family size up to individual families.
As recently as 1970, Africa was essentially self-sufficient in food. What fostered a breakdown in the continent’s ability to feed itself has been a decline of nearly 1 percent per year in per capita grain production since 1968 – in part due to an annual population growth for the continent approaching 3 percent.
The root cause of Africa’s crisis, according to Worldwatch Institute analyst Lester Brown, is population growth faster than on any continent in history, widespread soil erosion and desertification, and a failure by African governments to adequately support agriculture.
Europe: by contrast, France offers financial incentives for larger (3 child) families.
The population of Europe is also aging faster than any other part of the world, except Japan. Birth rates are also down in many European countries. The number of people depending on workers will rise as the number of workers falls. Spending in European countries will have to increase for retirement, health care and long-term care for old people in the future.
Russia faces the most severe population decrease of any country. The population of Russia is now one hundred forty-three million. It is expected to drop twenty-two percent over the next forty-five years. If this happens, Russia could lose more than forty percent of its active workforce and have economic problems. Part of the problem is the short length of time that Russian men generally live.
The average life expectancy for Russian men is just sixty-six years. Russian women live eleven years longer. Men in Western Europe live sixteen years longer. Drugs, tobacco smoking and alcohol are some of the main causes of death among Russian men. Russia also has low birth rates.
to be continued..
The coronavirus epidemic in China that turned by 2020 into a pandemic in the global village is an inevitable product of globalization.
The Covid-19 pandemic is allegedly the only reason for the lockdowns in the countries producing over 85% of the world GDP with a population of 4.7 billion.
Lockdowns in China, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Japan have stopped the epidemics. with draconian quarantine measures, availability of medical manpower, equipment, and hospitals.
Lockdowns in democratic countries that either can’t apply complete quarantine or don’t have adequate medical manpower, equipment, and hospital beds or both may prove to be much more destructive than constructive.
The allegation that pandemic originated in the centralized state capitalism of communist China is irrelevant. As China became by 2020 the largest manufacturing economy and exporter of goods, the severing of the supply chains leads to the contraction of the world GDP, and social unrest.
The epidemic of SARS in 2002-2003 did not cross the borders of China and did not turn into a pandemic. In 2002 China was just 4th manufacturing economy in the world. Nowadays it is the first one. Will China become the only one by 2025?
Fact 03 – Spanish flu January 1918 – December 1920
An unusually deadly pandemic involving H1N1 virus that affected 500 million people or about 27% of the world population of between 1.8 billion with the death toll as high as 100 million young adults.
Massive programs of vaccination of 1895-1918 based on the research of Louis Pasteur, Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, founders of microbiology and bacteriology, coincide with 15-18 years time-lag with the Spanish flu pandemic with the high mortality rate for young adults.
Hypothesis 02 – Coronavirus to write off the world debt
World powers have found a solution to delete the global debt. Indeed, The top borrowers in the world – the United States, China, Europe, and Japan—account for 3/4 of global debt, exceeding by 50% their share of global output.
Ways and Means for debtor nations
Forecast for 2020
a) expected infection (I) in 2020 up to 50 million;
b) expected death rate of 3% from corona; (D);
c) expected number of death in 2020, I x D = 1.5 million,
AKA compares well with Spanish flu 1918-20
Fact: an annual average of 500 000 flu deaths in 2009-2019;
Hypothesis 03 – Origin of COVID pandemic
An optimistic case. Genetical engineering research on the military, political, and/or ideological competing agenda in China, USA, Israel, UK, Russia. A man-made virus always has an antidote vaccine to be released upon the achievement of objectives of the agenda. The population accepts massive vaccination, even if it has infertility as a side effect. Controlled reduction of the world population to the size defined by the agenda.
A pessimistic case. Pandemic as a result of mutation of coronavirus uncontrolled by humans. Genetical engineering research develops ASAP a vaccine against Covid-19 that may have infertility as a side effect. AKA, vaccines against Ebola or AIDS stop Covid-19 but has infertility as collateral. Uncontrolled reduction of the world population by die-outs until it develops immunity. The size of the reduction is a guess.
History will repeat itself. Surviving historians will rewrite history to suit the surviving powers.
Population statistics wargame
The population of 20 major cities in China is 250 million, 50% of the population lives in cities, grain production 500 mln tons, rice 200 mln tons. The average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. The population estimate does not exceed 700 million.
The population of 20 major cities in India is 75 million, 15% of the population lives in cities, grain production 300 mln tons, rice 200 mln tons. The average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. The population estimate does not exceed 500 million.
Corollary: the actual population is closer to 6 than to 8 billion people.
H.s. sapiens subspecies has barely survived the Ice Age that started 110 000 years ago and finished 10 000 years ago but was followed by “stimulating” Little Ice Ages and volcanic eruptions. We enter by 2020 into New Little Ice Age, increased climate instability, and volcanic activity.
Europe had good luck with the early medieval warm period from 850 to 1350 followed by Little Ice Age of 1350 to 1850 which literally pushed it into Renaissance and Enlightenment, induced scientific and technical superiority compared of Europe to Eurasia. From 1452 to 1850 Europeans colonized the Globe.
Present Chart of climate waves is based on ice core probes from Greenland is irrefutable, historical legends referred thereto are not. Being based on erroneous chronology invented in XVII century all events, empires, kingdoms prior to XVI century “related” in consensual history are alleged.
The basic assumption is that a text that describes a sequence of events will devote more space to more important events (for example, a period of war or unrest will have much more space devoted to than a period of peaceful, non-eventful years), and that this irregularity will remain visible in other descriptions of the period.
For each analyzed text, a function is devised that maps each year mentioned in the text with the number of pages (lines, letters) devoted in the text to its description (which could be zero). The function of the two texts is then compared.
Example: the allegedly contemporary history of Rome written by Titus Livius with a modern history of Rome written by Russian historian V. S. Sergeev, have a high correlation, and thus that they describe the same period of history, which is undisputed.
When modern texts which describe different periods are compared, we have low correlation, as expected. However, when, the allegedly ancient history of Rome and the irrefutable medieval history of Rome are compared, we have a high correlation. The conclusion is that the ancient history of Rome is a copy of the medieval history of Rome, thus ancient Rome did not exist, it is a version written in the middle ages.
Statistical correlation of dynasties
Two dynasties of rulers using statistical methods are compared. First, a database of rulers, containing relevant information on each of them. For each pair of the rulers, are created “survey codes” which contain a number which describes a degree of the match of each considered property of two rulers.
For example, one of the properties is the way of death: if two rulers were both poisoned, they get the value of +1 in their property of the way of death; if one ruler was poisoned and another killed in combat, they get -1; and if one was poisoned, and another died of illness, they get 0 (there is a possibility that chroniclers were not impartial and that different descriptions nonetheless describe the same person). An important property is the length of the rule.
A number of pairs of unrelated dynasties are listed – for example, dynasties of kings of Israel and emperors of late Western Roman Empire (AD 300-476) – and claimed that this method demonstrates correlations between their reigns. (Graphs which show just the length of the rule in the two dynasties are the most widely known; however, Dr. Fomenko’s conclusions are also based on other parameters, as described above.)
Dr. Fomenko also claims that the regnal history from the 17th to 20th centuries never shows a correlation of “dynastic flows” with each other, therefore Fomenko insists history was multiplied and outstretched into imaginary antiquity to justify this or other “royal” pretensions.
Fomenko uses for the demonstration of correlation between the reigns exclusively the data from the Chronological Tables of J. Blair (Moscow 1808–09). Fomenko says that Blair’s tables are all the more valuable to us since they were compiled in an epoch adjacent to the time of Scaligerian chronology. According to Fomenko these tables contain clearer signs of “Scaligerite activity” which were subsequently buried under layers of paint and plaster by historians of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Fomenko examines astronomical events described in ancient texts and claims that the chronology is actually medieval:
Fomenko says that the mysterious drop in the value of the lunar acceleration parameter D” (“a linear combination of the [angular] accelerations of the Earth and Moon”) between AD 700–1300, according to the American astronomer Robert Newton could not be explained in terms of “non-gravitational” (i.e., tidal) forces.
By eliminating those anomalous early eclipses the New Chronology produces a constant value of D” beginning around AD 1000. Conclusion: alleged eclipses that accompanied key events of the world history did not take place neither in location nor in time alleged in ancient chronicles of which the originals have disappeared.
Fomenko associates initially the Star of Bethlehem with the AD 1140 (±20) supernova (now the Crab Nebula) and the Crucifixion Eclipse with the total solar eclipse of AD 1170 (±20). He also believes that Crab Nebula supernova could not have been seen in AD 1054, but probably in AD 1153. He connects it with the total eclipse of AD 1186.
Fomenko refutes archeoastronomy as a fallacious circular exercise based on the erroneous clerical chronology of Jesuits Scaliger and Petavius. Fomenko holds in strong doubt the veracity of ancient Chinese astronomical data.
Fomenko pursues the research of Robert R. Newton and argues that the star catalog in the Almagest, ascribed to the Hellenistic astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, was compiled in the 15th to 16th centuries AD.
With this objective in sight he develops new methods of dating old stellar catalogs and claims that the Almagest is based on data collected between AD 600 and 1300, whereby the telluric obliquity is well taken into account.
Fomenko refines and completes Morozov’s analysis of some ancient horoscopes, most notably, the so-called Dendera Zodiacs—two horoscopes drawn on the ceiling of the temple of Hathor — and comes to the conclusion that they correspond to either the 11th or the 13th century AD.
Fomenko makes computer-aided dating of all 37 Egyptian horoscopes that contain sufficient astronomical data, and claims they all fit into 11th to the 19th-century timeframe. Traditional history usually either interprets these horoscopes as belonging to the 1st century BC or suggests that they weren’t meant to match any date at all.
In his final analysis of an eclipse triad described by the ancient Greek Thucydides in History of the Peloponnesian War, Fomenko dates the eclipses to AD 1039, 1046, and 1057. Because of the layered structure of the manuscript, he claims that Thucydides actually lived in medieval times, and in describing the Peloponnesian War between the Spartans and Athenians he was actually describing the conflict between the medieval Navarrans and Catalans in Spain from AD 1374 to 1387.
Fomenko claims that the abundance of dated astronomical records in cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia is of little use for the dating of events, as the astronomical phenomena they describe recur cyclically every 30–40 years.
Fomenko points out that the texts of Babylonian astronomical diaries, with records of precise astronomical observations of the Moon and planets, were dated in XVI-XVIII centuries in terms of the reigns of alleged historical figures taken from the chronological tables of Scaliger and Petavius.
Astronomical retro calculations are clearly circular as observations registered on clay tablets and cylinders are dated not from astronomical information therein contained, but from the alleged rulers’ reigns, to within a single day, which was taken from Scaliger and Petavius tables.
Thus the dates obtained agree with the accepted chronology. Thus archaeoastronomer F. R. Stephenson has ‘demonstrated’ through a systematic study of a large number of Babylonian, Ancient and Medieval European, and Chinese records of eclipse observations from Almagest of Ptolemy that they can be dated consistently with the conventional chronology of Scaliger and Petavius at least as far back as 600 BCE.
Dr. Stephenson claims to have destroyed the basis of the New Chronology thanks to the data of eclipses from Babylonian clay tablets and antediluvian Chinese records. This ‘destruction’ is fallacious as there is no vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols produced that can be applied to clay tablets for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses allegedly written on them.
Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for irrefutable non-circular dating. Either there are not enough symbols allowing for unique astronomical interpretation, or the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.
An eclipse can easily be found for each allegedly ancient event mentioned in clay cylinder or tablet the age of which is an alleged one also. Consequently, the dates of eclipses are attached to tablets in a circular manner. On the contrary Zodiacs from Egyptian Temples contain abundant astrological, i.e. astronomical information that is sufficient for non-circular unique dating. See Contents of Part 2, vol.III.
Dr Stephenson argues: ancient dates of Babilon eclipses coincide with dates of Babilon eclipses described in Ptolemy’s Almagest, but forgets to mention that Almagest composed in XVI describes events of X-XVI centuries. Dr. R.R.Newton called Ptolemy “the most successful fraud in the history of science. “Circulus Vicious.
Rejection of common dating methods
On archaeological dating methods, Fomenko claims:
“Archaeological, dendrochronological, paleographical and carbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artifacts are both non-exact, circular and contradictory, therefore there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artifact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century.” — Anatoly Fomenko, History: Fiction or Science? (Chronology 1) [Second edition].
Dendrochronology is rejected with a claim that, for the dating of objects much older than the oldest still living trees, it isn’t an absolute, but a relative dating method, and thus dependent on traditional chronology. Fomenko specifically points to a break of dendrochronological scales around AD 1000.
The dendrochronological sequences beginning with living trees from various parts of North America and Europe cannot be extended back 12,400 years into the past. Both relative and a fully anchored dendrochronology series going back past 1000 AD fallacious as based on a non-significant number of samples.
Fomenko also cites a number of cases where carbon dating of a series of objects of known age gave significantly different dates. He also alleges undue cooperation between physicists and archaeologists in obtaining the dates, since most radiocarbon dating labs only accept samples with an age estimate suggested by historians or archaeologists.
Fomenko also claims that carbon dating over the range of AD 1 to 2000 is inaccurate because it has too many sources of error that are either guessed at or completely ignored, and that calibration is done with a statistically meaningless number of samples.
Moreover, initial calibrations of the radiocarbon dating method were made in Arizona University laboratory on wooden samples delivered and dated by ad hoc by an archaeological expedition of 1955-57 of the same Arizona University to Sinai, Egypt. Consequently, Fomenko concludes that carbon dating in its present form based on fallacious initial calibrations curves is circular and not accurate enough to be used on the historical scale.
Fomenko rejects numismatic dating as circular, being based on the traditional chronology, and points to cases of similar coins being minted in distant periods, unexplained long periods with no coins minted, and cases of mismatch of numismatic dating with historical accounts.
The research of earth-moon telluric rotation by the late chief astrophysicist of NASA Robert Russel Newton leads mathematicians of MSU to a breakthrough in the chronology of the world history. The timeline of the civilization based exclusively on irrefutably dated events and artefacts shrinks to approximately 1000 years, key-events find their true place on the time axis.
The erroneous chronology we live with was essentially crafted by Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius in the XVI-XVII from the contradictory mix of the copies of ancient Latin, Greek, Hebraic and Aramaic manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) cemented by the authority of the Church Fathers.
The most probable prototype of the historical Jesus was Andronikos I Komnenos (allegedly AD 1183 to 1185), the Emperor of Byzantine, reflected in the consensual history for his numerous failed reforms; his traits and deeds reflected in ‘biographies’ of many real and imaginary persons. According to New Chronology, the New Testament is the rendition of religious events of the XIIth century AD.
Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the followers and relatives of Jesus alias Emperor Andronicus killed during a religious mutiny. Crusades have ended with the Sack of Constantinople in 1204.
The historical Jesus Christ is a composite figure and reflection of the Bible prophet Elisha, Osiris, the god of the death, life, and resurrection, Pope Gregory VII, Saint Basil of Caesarea, and even Li Yuanhao (“Son of Heaven”), Euclides, Dionysius and Andronikos I Komnenos, the emperor of Byzantine.
The seemingly vast differences in the biographies of these figures result from a difference in languages, points of view, and time-frame of the authors of said accounts and biographies. The historical Jesus Christ – Andronikos I Komnenos – may have been crucified around 1185 AD on the Joshua’s Hill, overlooking the straits of Bosphorus following mutiny caused by the conflict of religious ideas.
Astronomical phenomena reflected in the New Testament as the Star of Bethlehem that coincides with the Crab supernova explosion in 1152 A.D., the full solar eclipse in 1185 A.D. during the alleged Crucifixion support they as key dates in the life of Jesus Christ. The same dates included in Zodiacs and horoscope of Egyptian Temples relative to Osiris reinforce further the credibility of the advanced key dates.
The Bible idem the Old Testament was composed in Latin from the Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew sources in XV-XVI representing the events of the XIII – XVII centuries AD in Europe and Byzantine as very ancient ones. The Old Testament contains doctrines, dogmas, axioms, ideas, and hints of social order and “prophecies” about “future” events described in the New Testament.
Excerpts from the Bible were read in Latin to the public by the priests from the pulpits of Catholic Cathedrals. Roman Curia opposed the translation and circulation of the Bible up to the XVII (i.e. Tyndale was burned at a stake). The invention of printing by Gutenberg in 1455 AD led to the availability of the New and Old Testaments all over Europe.
The Bible was translated into European languages and mass distributed starting XVI. The availability of the Gospels and Scriptures in native languages led to the conflict of the interpretations of texts therein contained between the Church and the Bible. The Bible became the main instrument of the Protestant Reformation.
New Chronology of religions runs as follows: the polytheism followed by monotheism in pre-Christian period (before the XIth and the figurehead of Jesus Christ), Dionysus-Bacchus Christianity (XIth and XIIth before and after the life of Jesus), Christendom (XIIth to XIVth centuries) and its subsequent mutations into Orthodox Christianity, Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism (sic!) and, Islam (sic!) in XIVth to XVIth centuries.
Antiquity as prime Agenda of Europe
By the middle of XVI century the prime political agenda of Europe that already has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.
The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite the severe fight with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV-XVII centuries – the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages served this agenda perfectly.
The fictional Ancient World that was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists, and scientists served their particular agendas too by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the sources they wrote under aliases.
The European aristocracy, i.e. partly fugitives from Byzantine and partly inheritors of the former Eurasian warlords, justified thus their claims of self-rule for their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the orthodoxy of the Evil Empire, Protestants, humanists and scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.
The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in the USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History by application of mathematics, statistics, and astronomy in the same manner as they were applied to genetics.
Indeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the true foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric or any other agenda, it must become the rocket science reporting irrefutably the past of homo sapience species.
Axioms of the New Chronology:
- Chronology is the basis of history;
- History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents;
- Human evolution has always been linear, gradual and irreversible;
- History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2. See Table of Contents
- The “cyclic” nature of human civilization is a myth; all the gaps, duplicates, Dark Ages and “renaissances” are fictional;
- History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents
- The geographical knowledge and cartography is a gradual and irreversible process; the closer in time to the events is a manuscript describing them is the fewer distortions it contains;
The irregular behavior of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon telluric system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval or fictitious. Conclusion: either astronomy or chronology of history is wrong.
Case B: 1000 years ago civilization homo sapience didn’t exist, therefore people could not write as yet (sic!) to register exactly the events of the full solar eclipses. This is possible but contradicts the consensual chronology of the world history completely.
Corollary: the consensual chronology elaborated by Scaliger and Petavious is wrong.
The strange leap of parameter D” in the theory of lunar motion
Nowadays we have special calculation tables – the so-called canons – whose compilation was based on the theory of lunar motion. They contain the date of each eclipse, the area to be covered by the lunar shadow, the phase, etc. See the famous astronomical canon of Ginzel, for instance. If an ancient text describes some eclipse in enough detail, we can determine what characteristics of the eclipse had been observed – the phase, the geographical area that the shadow passes over, etc.
The comparison of these characteristics to the referential ones contained in the tables may give a concurrence with an eclipse possessing similar characteristics. If this proves a success, we can date the eclipse. However, it may turn out that several eclipses from the astronomical canon don’t fit the description; in this case, the dating is uncertain. All the eclipses described in the “ancient” and medieval sources have been dated by the following method to some extent at least.
Nowadays the datings of the “ancient” eclipses are occasionally used in astronomical research. For instance, the theory of lunar motion has the notion of the so-called parameter D” – the second derivative of lunar elongation that characterizes acceleration. Let us remind the reader of the definition of elongation.
Fig. 2.1 shows the solar orbit of the Earth and the telluric orbit of the moon. The angle between the vectors ES and EM is called lunar elongation D – the angle between the lines of sight drawn from the Earth to the Sun and the moon. Apparently, it is time-dependent. An example of the elongation of Venus can be seen in the picture on the right. Maximal elongation is the angle where the line of sight as drawn from Earth to Venus (E’V’) touches the orbit of Venus. One has to note that the orbits in fig. 2.1 are shown as circular while being elliptic in reality – however, since the eccentricity is low here, the ellipses are schematically drawn as circles.
Fig. 2.1. Lunar elongation is the angle between the vectors ES and EM. The elongation of Venus is the angle between ES and EV. The maximal elongation of Venus is the angle between E’S and E’V’.
Some computational problems related to astronomy require the knowledge of lunar acceleration as it had been in the past. The problem of calculating parameter D” over a large time interval as a time function was discussed in detail by the Royal Society of London and the British Academy of Sciences in 1972, and swept under the carpet.
The calculation of the parameter D” was based on the following scheme: the equation parameters of lunar motion, including D”, are taken with their modern values and then varied in such a way that the theoretically calculated characteristics of ancient eclipses coincide with the ones given for dated eclipses in ancient documents.
Parameter D” is ignored for the calculation of actual eclipse dates, since the latter is a rougher parameter whose calculation does not require the exact knowledge of lunar acceleration. Alterations in lunar acceleration affect secondary characteristics of the eclipse, such as the shadow track left by the moon on the surface of the Earth, which may be moved sideways a little.
The time dependence of D” was first calculated by the eminent American astronomer Robert Russel Newton. According to him, parameter D” can be “defined well by the abundant information about the dates scattered over the interval from 700 B.C. until the present day” (, page 113). Newton calculated 12 possible values of parameter D”, having based them on 370 “ancient” eclipse descriptions.
Since R. Newton trusted Scaligerian chronology completely, it is little wonder that he took the eclipse dates from Scaligerian chronological tables. The results of R. Newton combined with the results obtained by Martin, who has processed about 2000 telescopic observations of the moon from the period of 1627-1860 (26 values altogether) have made it possible to draw an experimental time dependency curve for D”, qv fig. 2.2
Fig. 2.2. The D” graph calculated by Robert Newton. Parameter D” is measured here as seconds divided by century. Parameter D” performs a sudden leap on the interval of the alleged VI-XI centuries A.D. Taken from  and .
According to R. Newton, “the most stunning fact… is the drastic drop in D” that begins with 700 [A.D. – A. F.] and continues until about 1300… This drop implies the existence of a “square wave” in the osculating value of D”… Such changes in the behavior of D”, and such rates of these changes, cannot be explained by modern geophysical theories” (, page 114; ).
Robert Newton wrote an entire monograph titled Astronomical Evidence Concerning Non-Gravitational Forces In The Earth-Moon System () that was concerned with trying to prove this mysterious gap in the behavior of D”, which manifested as a leap by an entire numeric order. One has to note that these mysterious non-gravitational forces failed to manifest in any other way at all.
Having studied the graph that was drawn as a result of these calculations, R. Newton had to mark that “between the years (-700) and (+500), the value of D” remains the lowest as compared to the ones that have been observed for any other moment during the last 1000 years” (, page 114).
Newton proceeds to tell us that “these estimations combined with modern data tell one that D” may possess amazingly large values, and that it has been subject to drastic and sudden fluctuations over the last 2000 years, to such an extent that its value became inverted around 800 A.D.” (, page 115). This means that either the Moon changed its orbit dramatically during V to XI or Earth accelerated its rotation drastically. (sic!) .
- The D” value drops suddenly, and this leap by an entire order begins in the alleged V century A.D.;
- Beginning with the XI century and on, the values of the parameter D” become more or less constant and close to its modern value;
- In the interval between the alleged V and XI centuries, A.D. one finds D” values to be in complete disarray.
Contrary to the Neutral Point of Opinion (NPOV, sic!) rule the mainstream lies in WIKI: “American astronomer Robert Newton had explained the drop of parameter D” in terms of “non-gravitational” (i.e., tidal) forces”, whereby Robert Newton says in the article they refer to: “There are no satisfactory explanations of the accelerations. Existing theories of tidal friction are quite inadequate.”
The consensual erroneous chronology was elaborated in XVI-XVII centuries by kabbalist-numerologist Joseph Scaliger and his disciple Jesuit Dionysius Petavious. The mathematicians Dr Fomenko and Dr Nosovskiy have developed the theory of New Chronology that explains this phenomenon and corrects the parameter D” but leads to the revision of chronology and world history.
The timeline of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events move to their more probable place on the time axis. Сivilization is thereby defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.
“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana, American philosopher.
History was, is, and will be tampered with if not stopped by Science. To boast, to lie, to pretend is a part of the human homo sapiens nature. On one hand, the winners justified the claims they laid to the titles, and lands by alleged ancestry and its glorious deeds. On the other hand, the court historians knew only too well how to please their masters. Continue reading “Has history been tampered with?”
“[Historical] revisionism … only means bringing history into accord with facts.” Harry Elmer Barnes (American historian, 1889–1968)
Timeline of “Evil” Empires of Homo Sapience Sapience species that is both aggressive and prone to multiplication in geometrical progression
The Civilization of homo sapiens species defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is fairly young, and fits in a timeframe of barely 1000 years. New Chronology theory doesn’t deny Pyramids, Great Wall of China, and Notre Dame, but points to the more probable datings of events and artifacts on the time axis based on irrefutable data. Consensual chronology of events is refuted as erroneous, subjective and contrary to astronomy, physics, logic and statistics.
Homo sapience Evil Empire step by step
Homo sapience species moved step by step from natural selection to the intelligent design. It survived the cognitive revolution around 100 000 years ago, the agricultural revolution approximately 10 000 years ago, the societal revolution 1500 years ago, scientific revolution 500 years ago, and the industrial revolution 200 years ago. In the course of these revolutions, the species multiplied from 2 000 000 to 7.8 billion specimens caused the massive extinction of plants and animals.
Ancient World, Atlantis, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia, India, China, Aliens and ETs we are told about in thousands of books, films, are fantasy. The key dates on AD time axis based on New Chronology are presumed, and approximate. The climatic periods are irrefutable as based on data from ice core deposits in Greenland. The major movements of populations during the last 100 000 across the globe are registered on haplogroups of billions of DNA samples collected in the last 50 years.
Claim A: The conditions of survival, improved about 10 000 years ago allowing the multiplication of species of homo sapience in geometrical progression. The species began about 500 AD its consecutive progress from bands of forages to clans, to tribes, to proto-states, to centralized governments, to proto-empires across Eurasia by 1000 AD, that competed for space and resources ending in the formation by 1300 AD of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia that ruled the lands.
Claim B: This Superempire has subsequently disintegrated within the next 300 years due to various speeds of intellectual and technological development into competing parts. Western European part of the “Evil” Empire has overtaken by about 1600 intellectually and technologically all other parts, and started their colonization. Moreover, Western Europe has nearly wiped out by the XVIII century in a concerted effort from the memory of peoples of the former “Evil” Empire its very existence.
Claim C: The invention of mills to saw multiple boards from the logs, the invention of navigation instruments and optical instruments XV-XVII in Western Europe allowed the building of the oceangoing ships. Spain, Portugal, France, Holland, and England started the first industrial revolution, the commerce, and overseas colonization. England won this competition growing by the end of XVIII century from the small underpopulated province to a new “Evil” Empire of Great Britain that ruled the waves until XX century.
First Epoch of civilization: 500 – 800 AD.
According to anthropology the modern species of homo sapience has appeared about 120 000 years ago. Bad or good luck for us, as the Ice Age started about the same time. Very probably, we morphed into homo sapience and won the competition with other home species thanks to the Ice Age. Most of the Northern hemisphere became unfit for the survival of our species so we had to move a lot.
The Ice Age ended barely 10 000 years ago, and the human hunter-gatherers that survived started to multiply, and form clans and tribes in the deltas of the rivers of the Northern Hemisphere that were propitious for the survival of species.
Ouf! We can survive and multiply at last! Populations practice fluvial agriculture, hunting, and fishing, compete for space and resources. That war our first and last Paradise that lasted from 10 000 BC to 500 AD with an average lifespan of 30 years! Civilization as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is inevitably coming to make our lifespan longer and us cleverer! Fare thee well Paradise! Pre-history of civilization starts by 500 AD!
The rising density of populations leads to the formation of social structures due to the selective competition between clans and tribes. The social structures of populations of deltas reach by 500 AD the level of the proto-states with the centralized pyramidal governance. Proto-states compete with each other for space and resources. Now we have resources and spare time to fight our neighbors, to multiply and expand!
We are illiterate heathens and pagans as of yet. Multiple Little Ice Ages during 10 000 BC to 850 BC slowed the proliferation of homo sapience species in Northern and Central Europe but allowed for one in Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Paganism rules. The Pre-history ends and Civilization begins by 800 AD with the invention of hieroglyphical writing.
Breakthrough: by 500 AD humans invent and use non-metal basic instruments, and simple weapons.
Breakthrough: By 800 AD we have just invented and started basic writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms that are difficult to learn and to use but made registration of events, writing of and control of execution of orders of the centralized authority feasible.
Key Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Nile and Euphrates rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that expand to Mare Nostrum shores and to Mesopotamia and fight with each other for space and resources. Civilization starts in 800 AD.
Key Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Ganges, Yangtze rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that will expand in India, Southeastern Asia, and China, compete for space and resources to turn into proto-empires.
Breakthrough: Writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms on papyri, plaster, textile, clay, stone supports make a centralized rule possible. Proto-states that appear across Eurasia morph with different speeds into kingdoms with pyramidal social structure.
The hieroglyphic and cuneiform writing is descriptive and unsuitable for the composition and communication of complicated phrases and long texts. It takes up to 10 years to learn, it is difficult to teach and to use. Nevertheless, it is sufficient for building a pyramidal social structure. Literacy is reserved for scribes and priests that serve the centralized authority.
Second Epoch: 800 – 1000 AD.
The Medieval Warm Period of 850-1350 AD begins in the Northern Hemisphere in 850 AD, therefore, the Kingdom of Egypt Kem expands further to the North, to the coastal Mediterranean and Minor Asia. Kem turns into Judea-Israel proto-Empire with the capital Yoros on Bosphorus and founds fiefs in Italy, Spain, France, England, Ireland, Northern Europe.
Jerusalem of 1000 BC, Babilon of 2000 BC, Troy of 3000 BC, Constantinople of 500 AD, and Czar-grad of 1000 AD we told about in the consensual history are alleged and actually are the same placeholder Yoros in Byzantium. The Issue with Troy
Key Step: Monotheism develops. Breakthrough: By 900 AD we learn across Eurasia to make and to use iron, copper, invent the wheel.
Breakthrough: By 900 AD we create alphabetical writing, and invent papyri, and parchment as a support for information. This art of writing is much easier to learn, to teach and to use but the cost of parchment and papyri is prohibitive for wide application and the rapid spread of literacy.
All the supports we use at that time for fixing information are expensive and difficult for writing, teaching, and everyday use. The composition of complicated phrases and texts stays difficult. Literature is impossible as yet. The spread of knowledge, technologies, and know-how are still complicated.
All allegedly ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek masterpieces of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, literature, and sciences were actually written in 1400-1800 AD under glorious aliases to keep the true authors thereof safe from the religious persecutions and inquisition.
Consensual characters of Antiquity: Priam, Helene, Achilles, Hector, Alexander the Great, Darius, Nebuchadnezzar, Euclid, Dionysius, Julius Caesar, Nero, Adrian, Caligula, Constantine, Ptolemy, Pharaoh, Cleopatra, etc..etc. These alleged characters were invented in the framework of the creation of imaginary Antiquity in Europe during XIII-XVI centuries.
The panopticon of Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter deities, half and quarter deities, their myths, and legends, deeds of heroes acting in events that reflected events of early Middle Ages or simply imagined served the agenda of the creation of Antiquity needed to wiggle from under Evil Empire.
Consensual placeholders of the antiquity: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, Babilon, Assyria. The Ancient Kingdom of Rome, Republic of Rome, Roman Empire. Consensual key events: Troy War, Spartan wars, Roman Wars, etc..all are alleged, fictitious, fallacious reflections of events that have actually taken place during 1200-1500 AD in Europe and Minor Asia.
All poems, legends, stories, literature written by allegedly ancient Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese authors, poets, thinkers were ‘found’, AKA written during 1300-1800 under ‘ancient’ aliases. “Antiquity” sculptures and artifacts mass-produced in Italy in 1500-1800 AD in a widescale operation under the auspices of Medicis & Co.
Third Epoch: 1000 – 1200 AD.
Proto-Empire Judea-Israel rules from the capital Yoros (idem Troy, Rome, Constantinople), situated on Bosphorus and expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe divided into Thems (fiefdoms). Medieval Warm Period of 850–1350 AD has facilitated both agriculture and construction in Europe and Asia.
The Proto-Empire Judea-Israel is reflected in manuscripts of XIV-XVI century AD as Ancient Greece, Persia, Jerusalem, Rome, Troy, Constantinople, Czargrad. Consensual alleged history characters: Alexander, Pharaoh, Nefertiti, Solomon, Cheops, Mithridates, Atilla, Caesar, Charlemagne, Clovis, King Arthur, Wilhelm the Conqueror, Prince Vladimir, Prince Oleg, Constantine, King Richard, etc..etc; The Issue with Antiquity
Key step: Polytheism transforms into pre-Christian Monotheism bound to split within the next 200 years into conflicting religions of the common Abrahamic root: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Breakthrough: We invent the bronze instruments, and start shaving.
According to the metallurgy, bronze is by far more complicated to produce than iron. Bronze Age is a fallacy. Therefore all ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek statues of clean-shaven heroes and Emperors were made well after XII century AD.
We discover mathematics, geometry, mechanics, and algebra. We invent primitive and composite concretes and begin in XI century building of aqueducts, cathedrals, roads, and bridges. We build the pyramids in the XIII century according to Fibonacci proportions discovered at that time! We invent by 1100 AD cheap paper in Byzance and start writing with vowels, reading complicated religious texts. We can make drafts, teach, disseminate knowledge.
With the help of non-expensive paper as information support, we can progress much faster. Starting with religious studies we develop literature and poetry, astrology and alchemy that will turn by XVI century into astronomy and chemistry. Clergy becomes writers and poets, knights compose and sing fine ballads.
We invent the stirrups for cavalry and learn the art to command the military formations. The rapid growth of the “Evil” Empire across Europe in XIII-XIV centuries and across Eurasia within in XV-XVI centuries takes place.
“Evil” Empire of Eurasia established during XIII-XIV centuries the road and seaway networks over long distances with key points at crossroads that turned into capitals of countries after the Empire disintegrated. This network facilitates the Epidemics of infectious diseases.
Black Death is a reflection of the extremely drastic quarantine measures in XIV-XV centuries undertaken by the “Evil” Empire to prevent further spread of plagues by military operations, isolating and killing populations of infected territories in Europe under pretexts of religious and/or ethnic cleansing.
The invention of cavalry units with stirrups assured the overwhelming superiority and mobility of the “Evil” Empire armies. Due to the conflict of interest of Europe and Asia, due to the intellectual superiority of western Thems (fiefdoms), the subsequent disintegration of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia within XVI-XVII centuries is inevitable.
Breakthrough: The translation of Christian texts into vernacular languages leads to the split within Catholic Christianity, the conflict between the Church and the Bible. Roman Curia forbade first English and German translations, burned at stake translators Ian Huss and Tyndall. Old and New Testament in vernacular languages became the base of Protestantism. Small Ice Ages lead to famines and peasant revolts, the sack of monasteries in Northern Europe in XV-XVI centuries.
Breakthroughs: We start by XI century the Construction of Big Projects, build 777 Wonders of the World, i.e. Pyramids, Sphinxes, Temples, Obelisks in Egypt, aqueducts, Coliseums, paved roads. The ruins of Coliseum in Rome were built as late as XVI century on the order of Roman Pope!
We create a vocabulary of astrological and astronomical symbols that allows the recording of dates of significant events. Most of the symbols are still used in astrology. Dates of crucial events are recorded in zodiacs and horoscopes painted or cut in stones in the Palaces and Temples of Egypt.
Fourth Epoch of 1200 – 1300 AD
Jesus Christ. Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. Pre-Christian Monotheism transforms into aggressive Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity. Christian Crusades to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ (Byzantine emperor Andronicus?) are organized by Christians to Constantinople, idem Troy, idem Czar-Grad.
Orthodox Catholic Christianity expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe. Christian Empire forms in Russia in XIII century and by XIV century it colonizes Central and Western Europe. The warlords of the Christian Empire turn within 3-4 generations from its vassals into Kings. “Evil” Empire loses step by step the control starting the XVth century. The consensual history will describe it in XV-XVI centuries as the Roman Empire that allegedly lasted from 1000 BC to 500 AD.
Religious literacy, improvement of mathematics, astrology, and alchemy develop. Dozens of religious Universities spring across Western and Central Europe to become in less than a century the hotbeds of education and proto sciences.
Key Breakthrough: Monotheism transforms into Abrahamic pre-Christianity. The invention of cheap paper as information support makes the dissemination of ideas and proto-sciences across Europe and Minor Asia possible.
Key Breakthrough: Writing with vowels makes texts easily readable. Recording information by writing becomes simple. The composition of complicated phrases is simple. Long complicated texts and literature are feasible. Poetry and literature start developing disguised initially as ‘ancient’ Greek and Roman ones.
Key Breakthrough: Teaching to write and read becomes easier. Dissemination of knowledge is facilitated. The speed of proliferation of ideas increases. Conflicts based on different religious ideas of competing currents take place inevitably.
Key Breakthrough: Christianity becomes the prime mover of human civilization. Following a mutiny caused by a conflict of religious ideas, Byzantine Emperor Andronicus – allegedly born in 1152 A.D. in Crimea – is killed (crucified) in 1185 A.D. in Jerusalem idem Constantinople, and buried on the mountain of Beikos.
Pre-Christianity transforms into Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity with Emperor Andronicus as the probable prototype of Jesus Christ of the New Testament.
Key Breakthrough: Crusades. Crusade of 1189-1192 AD and Crusade in 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the subordinates and relatives of the late Emperor Andronicus. Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Crusades and Exoduses
Key Breakthrough: Religious education expands. Due to the powerful societal potential of ideas of Christianity, due to the increased speed of proliferation and dissemination of writing and reading, religious literacy and education become possible and spread. Hundreds of Christian monasteries, dozens of sects, schools, universities spring across Minor Asia and Europe.
Key Breakthroughs: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. XIII-XIV century AD – Slavic and Turkic Princes of Judea-Israel, blood relatives, and subordinates of Byzantine Emperor Andronicus recreate an Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire with Great Novgorod as its Center. This Empire makes a short-lived conquest of Central and Western Europe and disintegrates within 100 years.
Great Novgorod consists of Wladimir-Suzdal-Yaroslavl-Kostroma-Moscow Golden Ring cities. Rem: Russian Czars are shown as direct heirs of Jesus on their family tree in Annunciation Cathedral of Kremlin.
Fifth Epoch of 1300 – 1450 AD
Short-lived Empire of Eurasia. Orthodox Catholic Christianity splits into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic and Islam currents. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic. Orthodox Christianity splits further into Apostolic and Regal currents.
The Apostolic Christian part of the imperial ruling dynasty wins the battle of Kulikovo (Moscow) in 1380 AD and founds the city of Mosques – White Moscow.
Regal Christian part pursues their expansion to India, Tibet, and China.
Regal Orthodox Christianity morphs into Mithraism, Buddhism, and Krishnaism. The above explains numerous similarities and basic scenarios of life, death, resurrection, origins, phraseology. These eastern religions are the morphs and reflections of Christianity datable by 1300-1450 AD.
Key Breakthroughs: Colonisation of Europe in XIII-XIV century due to military superiority of Empire. Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire colonizes and baptizes Central and Western Europe. Rem: the swords, armor, decorations with Turkic, Slavonic, Arabic and allegedly illegible inscriptions are kept in European museums and Kremlin.
Rem: manuscript Orthodox Slavonic Bibles used in royal coronation rituals are still kept in the cathedral of Reims, France and Nikoping, Sweden. Remark: Helmets and armor of Russian Czars kept in Kremlin Armory bear Quran quotes. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet
Key Breakthrough: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire grows in XIII-XV centuries into a multi-confessional, multilingual centralized and ruthless “Evil” Empire of Eurasia with citizens strictly divided into hereditary castes: governing, civil, military nobles (Caucasians), transportation and equine relay network (Gypsies), taxation (Jews, origin of anti-Semitism), Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim clergy of common Abrahamic root. The Issue with Great Tartary
Key Breakthrough: Military superiority of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia. Due to the overwhelming superiority and mobility of cavalry troops, ruthless discipline, superior administration, organization, and communications network in the “Evil” Empire, the colonization, and control of tribal territories or proto-states was very rapid. Equine relay network run by the caste of Gypsies and taxation system run by the caste of Jews is set up. “Blood tax”, i.e. conscription of population is enforced. The Issue with Tamerlane
The sixth epoch of 1450-1700 AD
Key Breakthroughs: Empire of Eurasia rules the lands. The eventual resistance is ruthlessly crushed. The refusal to pay taxes due to the Emperor alias Czar alias Caesar alias Khan is punished by the ‘Tartar-Mongol invasions’.
Evil Empire of Eurasia (Great Tartary) builds castles, fortresses and road networks for troops, a long-distance equine relay system with transportation speed up to 20 km/hour for governance and trade (horse and horseman are changed in relays). The Empire establishes provincial capitals in the key points of the road network. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic
The road network of Empire allows for trade between Eastern and Western parts of the Empire. The East sells to the West spices, fine tissues, silk, precious and semi-precious stones. The West sells optics, watches, jewelry. Note the resemblance of the word Jew and Jewellery. Jews from the tax collectors caste were not poor.
Key Breakthroughs: Islam. Ottoman Empire. The network of roads and trade between formerly isolated populations across the Evil Empire Eurasia leads to the spread of infectious disease and plagues. To stop this spread the Ottoman Empire or the southern branch of Great Tartary cuts the supply of spices and silk from the East.
Evil Empire carries through the large scale of sanitary and ethnic cleansing military operations in Balkans and splits into Ottoman and Russ-Horde branches to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Islam splits from Christianity completely. The Issue with Tamerlane
How Europe escaped from Eurasia
Step 1. First industrial revolution.
Due to the “stimulating” Little Ice Age of 1400-1700 AD the Western and Central European former provinces of the “Evil” Empire: Italy, Germany, Holland, England, France, Spain, and Portugal start the first industrial revolution. They harness water and wind power. They build mills to grind the grain, saw the boards, spin tissues. They invent furnaces to make steel from pig-iron and bronze from copper. They invent powder and guns. They invent standard burnt bricks. Best of all they invented a time measuring device clock. The irrefutable dates of the above inventions allow for the dating of alleged events of the history of human civilization.
Step 2. First ideological revolution.
By 1450 AD the split of Orthodox-Catholic Christianity into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic and Islam currents of Avraamic root became a fait accompli. Catholic branch with headquarters in Rome declared itself the most ancient, therefore the only true one.
To do so, Roman Curia invented with the willing help black and white learned clergy and humanists who became scientists the myth of the Roman Empire. Roman Curia refuted Yoros, i.e. Constantinople as the place of origin of Orthodox-Catholic Christianity.
The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly in complete contradiction the facts of the First industrial revolution.
If you place the architectural monuments of Rome on a timeline, per the official dates of their construction, then between the 4th and 14th centuries a one sees a void of 1000 years.
According to official concensual history, in Rome, buildings, Colosseum excepted, were not preserved from the end of Antiquity to the beginning of the Renaissance. There is not a single monument in 10 centuries, not even ruins! AKA Colosseum is an artificial ruin made of standard bricks.
We are told that all the Roman ruins are very ancient structures and all the buildings of the Middle Ages were either burned down, destroyed by barbarians, and rebuilt with standard brick, which was used in Europe and around the world only from the 15th century (sic!).
Step 3. First scientific revolution.
Key Breakthrough: Development of Science. For their own security, scientists made their discoveries public under fictitious glorious names of ‘ancient’ astronomers and ‘ancient’ philosophers, and under the cover of allegedly pre-diluvian scientific treaties. Astrology turns into astronomy, religion into philosophy, alchemy into chemistry.
Fearful of inquisition, scientists work under pseudonyms. The groundwork of Science is laid. To turn witchcraft into medicine, corpses are stolen and dissected. Anatomy theatres open in universities in Europe. Rem: at last Italian sculptors start to make anatomically correct beautiful `ancient` Greek and Roman sculptures. Dark Ages in Medieval History
Hundreds of monasteries, thousands of schools increase literacy and dozens of universities spread science appear across Minor Asia and Europe. Propaganda becomes a powerful weapon for Europe. World history turns into the weapon of Propaganda. The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy
To confirm the divine rights of the new ‘ancient’ ruling class of Europe, the learned people of Renaissance invent in the XIV-XVI century A.D. the history of Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome and manufacture their paraphernalia eagerly bought by the rich and powerful.
Thousands of learned monks of different orders, white and black clergy, a new class of learned people toil for three centuries to elaborate ‘ancient’ languages, compose literature, philosophy masterpieces under resounding pseudonyms. Rem: artists and sculptors mass produce ‘ancient’ artefacts. The Issue with Antiquity
Key Breakthrough: Western European countries of the former “Evil” Empire: Spain, France, Portugal, Italy, Holland, and England, start building commercial and military maritime fleets to open new trade routes to the East by sailing around Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean. Rule the lands begins to lose to rule the waves!
Key Breakthroughs: Rapid development in Europe. The warlords of the conquering armies of the “Evil” Empire often stayed as rulers in the colonized countries and made their rights hereditary. The heavy taxation by far away ‘Mongol’ Caesar alias Khan inspired separatist ideas to the heirs of the warlords.
Key Breakthroughs: European Aristocracy. The split of Christianity into Orthodox and Catholic currents prepares the ground for the separation of Europe from the “Evil” Empire. The heirs of Imperial warlords become English, French, Spanish kings and form a class of European high aristocracy, fight dynastic wars.
To start with, all inventions of the First industrial revolution were declared to have been made in the Roman Empire with the capital in Rome, Italy but forgotten during 1000 years of the Dark Ages to be rediscovered in Renaissance.
Key breakthrough: the heirs of the warlords of the “Evil” Empire that occupied in XIII-XIV centuries Central Europe formed in XV the century the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation (RIGN) with an Emperor elected by 7 German Princes Electors. Allegedly Roman Pope Leo III crowned on 25/12/800 the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor. The power of the Emperor was limited, princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire had de facto independence within their territories.
Key breakthrough: Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon. The Empire has the same imperial banner as Russian Empire (sic!).
Court historians invent ‘ancient’ dynasties for the heirs of warlords. Clergy duly explains the divine origin of royal power. Astrologists find abundant “confirmations” thereof in the sky. Rem: all solar eclipses of the alleged Antiquity described in `ancient` manuscripts turn out to be medieval. Astronomy vs. History
Key Breakthroughs: Gutenberg printing press. Propaganda becomes a major weapon. The invention of the printing press makes the production of the cheap multiple copies of documents and charts possible. Immediate application for military, governance, religious, education and propaganda purposes follow.
Key Breakthrough: The speed of information proliferation and dissemination of the art of writing, teaching, reading, and education increases by the order of magnitude. European ex-provinces of the “Evil” Empire develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Eurasia.
Key breakthrough: Columbus discovered Americas in 1492. Spain and Portugal make important discoveries and conquests in the Americas, Africa, India, and China. They sign in 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the globe into two hemispheres dividing Spanish and Portuguese claims. Roman Pope Alexander VI complied and issued a Bull.
Key Breakthrough: Separatism in Europe. After two centuries of ‘Mongol’ yoke, separatism takes hold in Western Europe, which by then has already invented shipbuilding, clocks, powder, guns, paper, printing, telescope and the microscope. Europe overtakes Asia in sciences.
Key Breakthrough: Protestantism. German Princes, AKA the heirs of ‘Mongol’ warlords in Germany support Martin Luther’s reform of pro-imperial Catholic Church in Protestantism. The Bible is translated into native languages.
Key breakthrough: Little Ice Age that started by the middle of XVI century led to poor harvest and famine, and to massive pogroms of the Jewish network of imperial taxation. The sack of numerous Catholic cathedrals and monasteries took place in Germany and England.
Key Breakthrough: The Council of Trent of 1545-1563. Black and white Catholic clergy transform the pro-imperial Orthodox Catholic Church into the Roman Catholic Church. The Julian Calendar is replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582. A list of forbidden books is established, books are found and burnt. Jesuit set up the Order of Jesus and run the Inquisition.
Key Breakthroughs: War of Evil Empire Dynasties. Czar Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) was probably a fictitious character that stood for the compilation of four consecutive competing contenders to the Throne of Empire. European troops assure victories over Judea Kazan Khan and Tartar Khan of Crimea in the dynastic civil war.
The intestine struggle of dynasties over 50 years has decimated over 10,000 high ranking officers of the Russian Horde armies. That made the re-conquest of rebellious Europe by the “Evil” Empire unfeasible and the ensuing Great Strife in it inevitable. The Time of Troubles lasted from 1584 to 1613. Russia suffered the civil war, Polish invasions and a famine that killed one-third of the population. Pro-western Dynasty of Romanov took the throne in 1613. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible
Key Breakthrough: a collective memory of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia is erased. Once the disintegration objective reached, Europe makes a concerted effort to erase the former “Evil” Empire and its very existence from the people’s memory. This effort is supported by the high nobility of Europe who already had their brand new ‘ancient’ history written.
Rem: Jesuit Chronology, which served for 300 years as the immutable basis of world history, is in fact composed by Kabbalist Joseph Scaliger (1585) and perfected by the Jesuit Dionysius Petavius (1627). The Issue with Chronology
Key Breakthrough: A list of forbidden authors is established by Roman Curia and ancient heretic and/or manuscripts are burnt all over Europe. Writings of ‘ancient’ Roman, Greek authors are mass-produced by the Benedictine order, whereby the originals are never found.
Key Breakthrough: A Great Strife begins in the Empire of Eurasia in 1584. German princes helped the pro-European Romanov dynasty to usurp the throne of the Evil Empire of Eurasia in 1613. The Dynasty of Eurasian Czars is replaced by the pro-European Romanov one.
25 years old Czar Peter went to Europe for the first time in 1697 with a Grand Embassy to seek the settlement with the European monarchs and the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire laid a siege of Vienna in In 1683. The ensuing war of Europe with Empire lasted until 1699. This Embassy was scheduled to take a couple of weeks lasted 2 years and ended in 1699. The King of England William III in concert with Kings of France, Austria, and Holland replaces the Russian Czar Peter with a look-alike agent in order to stop the imminent Russian and Ottoman invasions.
This agent was an officer of the Dutch Ost-India-Company. New Peter mastered both shipbuilding and was a prize duellist. Czar Peter, I came home another man speaking Russian with the German accent. His own family did not recognize him, consequently, he banned his wife to a monastery, disbanded the guard of Streltsy, sent his half-sister Sophia who has supported guards to a monastery. Peter ordered the nobility of boyars to cut beards, smoke tobacco and dance ballet.
The former provinces of the Evil Empire: China, Japan, Iran and Ottoman Empires become independent, but stay fiercely anti-European and anti-Romanov. The Ottoman Empire tries to re-conquer Western Europe in 1529 and again in 1683 (sic!); fails dismally both times. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible
Russian Empire of Eurasia Epoch. 1700-1917.
Peter the Great starts to build the New Russian Empire, modernizes his part of the former Evil Empire up to Moscow (city of Mosques), moves the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg.
In 1725, Peter the Great leaves a Testament ordering his heirs to make the Russian Empire Great Again. The reign of Empress Elisabeth followed by Empress Catherine the Great is a travesty of the dynasty Peter the Great wanted but failed to found. In 1762, the pseudo Romanovs become the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov German dynasty of Russian (sic!) Czars, sorry, Emperors.
In 1773-1775, the Russian Empire crushes the Great Tartary headed by Pougatchev, the last pretender to the throne of the “Evil” Empire. In 1776-1796, the Russian Empire takes over the lands of the Muscovite Tartary and expands to Siberia, Alaska and North-Western America, which it can’t control for a long time due to enormous distances and absence of fleet. The Testament of Peter the Great.
The timeframe of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, therefore it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events are moved to their more probable place on the time axis.
From 500 A.D. to 1200 A.D. humans have invented instruments, arms, agriculture, writing, trade and industries, the structure of population morphed from clans, tribes, kingdoms, States into centrally governed Judea-Israel Empire; changed its religious beliefs from paganism and polytheism to Christianity. From 1200 A.D. to 1350 A.D. it transforms into the Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire.
The Medieval Warm Period of 850 A.D. – 1350 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the accelerated growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of 1400 A.d.– 1700 A.D. provoked the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries, the spread of Protestantism and complete disintegration of Empire of Eurasia.
Europe separates step by step from the embrace of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia in 1400 – 1700 and splits into competing English, French, German, Spanish kingdoms and Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.
France mutates into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe and competes with Britain, Austria, and Spain on all fronts and in all domains.
Spain discovered and colonized together with Portugal the Americas, erased local populations and cultures, baptized heathen Aztecs and Incas to the hilt and freed them from the burden of useless golden pagan decorations.
The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, the Roman Empire, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had vested interests to support the myths of Antiquity but each of them for their own reasons.
By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.
The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.
The fictional Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.
The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.
Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of their religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.
The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had each own vested interests and reasons to support the myths of Antiquity.
Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.
The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem from Constantinople to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.
Reconstruction of History would require a new concerted united effort on the part of exact sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry, genetics, etc.. and humanities like archaeology, ancient art, and literature, linguistics, ancient architecture, etc..
At present such concerted effort of world history reconstruction does not take place due to the comfortable, well-paid position of the mainstream historians staying with a consensual history built on the erroneous chronology manufactured by Kabbalist Scaliger in XVI and polished by Jesuit Petavius in XVII century.
According to the consensual chronology of world history manufactured by the Kabbalists and Jesuits in the XVI-XVII centuries, a number of Enlightenment philosophers concluded of XVII-XVIII centuries that Jesus Christ is only a myth, constructed from elements of earlier ancient beliefs, Sun worship, and human sacrifices.
Armed with the arbitrary chronology of kabbalist J.J.Scaliger and Jesuit D.Petavius, who further ‘perfected’ it the encyclopedists led by Monsieur Voltaire prove that most dogmas and postulates of Christianity were known long before Jesus Christ. Consequently, they concluded that Christianity was built from elements of preceding ancient religions.
According to the superstar of Enlightenment Monsieur Voltaire, the very idea of the eternal soul appears initially in India 3000 years before Jesus, and the idea of Hell comes to Christianity from extremely ancient Persia. Archangel Gabriel’s visit to The Virgin Mary is copied on Mercury’s visit to nymph Alcmene on the order of Jupiter. Gospels are fairy tales, etc.
The kabbalistic chronology of the Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius has led the thinkers of the past astray. Many a scientist followed in the steps of Voltaire and Diderot and have discovered numerous parallels between Jesus Christ and ‘ancient’ figures – Buddha, Krishna, Mithras, Osiris, and Horus, etc. As a result of such ‘discoveries’, the authority of Christianity was put in doubt, and atheism started to spread.
Atheism has easily found supporters in the scientific community for the simple reason that Scaliger’s chronology was presumed to be correct and irrefutable. The Church hierarchy of that time makes a grave mistake by not pairing the attacks of atheists with scientific arguments and revision of the erroneous Scaliger Chronology.
Atheists argue that if the consensual chronology is correct, then the atheist anti-Christian criticism based on it also is true. If most of the “facts about Jesus” existed before Jesus, then these ‘facts’ are copies of more ancient events. Therefore, Jesus Christ is a fiction, and Christianity per se is questioned.
The number of people disappointed in Christianity started to grow at first amongst scientific communities. The skepticism spreads with the growth of literacy from scientists to the general public. It is impossible to refute the atheists because of the ‘irrefutable’ ancient dates of consensual chronology. The authority of Christianity is thus undermined.
The fundamental error committed by Church hierarchs of the XVIII century was the unwillingness and fear to check and refute erroneous dates attributed to Christianity. They have ignored the appeal of Jesuit Jean Hardouin, chief librarian of Louis XIV and Curator of Louvre, and Isaac Newton to identify and correct the mistakes of Scaliger-Petavius chronology.
The Roman Curia confined itself to the vague “inviolability of faith”. It failed to restore the correct dates and to prove that Jesus Christ is not a “literary compilation”. All numerous allegedly “ancient” prototypes of Jesus are eventually phantom reflections (on paper) of the emperor Andronicus alias Jesus Christ alias Saint Andrew from the XIIth century.
Such reflections of Jesus Christ are very ‘ancient’ figures, labeled by the atheists as “the prototypes of Jesus”. The contrary is probably true because if the historical Jesus preceded ‘ancient deities’, therefore the importance of Jesus Christ-Andronicus-Saint Andrew increases dramatically.
According to New Chronology all ancient deities which have appeared after Christianity: Mithra, Horus, Buddha, Shiva, etc.. are reflections of Jesus Christ. They have appeared as a result of subsequent splits, mutations of Oriental Catholic Christianity into the competing faiths: Orthodoxy, Catholicism; but also Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.
The charges against New Chronology being harmful to Christianity are unfounded. On the contrary, New Chronology makes many of atheistic arguments null & void. The New Chronology protects Christianity from the atheistic attacks by placing events of civilization on their more probable place on the time axis.
The timeline of the civilization of homo sapiens, based on New Chronology that applies Occam’s razor principle and takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years,
The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists, and scientists had their own vested contradictory interests to support the myths of Antiquity.
The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.
Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire of XII th century. The subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam took place in XIII-XV centuries.
The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.
Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.
By the middle of XVI th century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has already reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.
The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite their conflicts with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV – XVII centuries in the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages served this agenda perfectly.
The fictional Ancient World that was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists and scientists served their particular agendas by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the ‘primary’ sources they themselves wrote under aliases.
The European aristocracy, i.e. partly fugitives from Byzantine and partly inheritors of the former Eurasian warlords, justified in his manner their claims of self-rule for lands they ruled, the Roman Curia declared its priority over Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire, Protestants, Humanists and scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.
The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History by application of mathematics, statistics in the same manner as they were applied to genetics.
The time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the true foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric or any other agenda, but become a science reporting irrefutably the past of homo sapience species.