Has history been tampered with?

“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana, American philosopher.

History was, is and will be tampered with if not stopped by Science. To boast, to lie, to pretend is a part of the human homo sapiens nature. On one hand, the winners justified the claims they laid to the titles, and lands by alleged ancestry and its glorious deeds. On the other hand, the court historians knew only too well how to please their masters. Continue reading “Has history been tampered with?”

Were human evolution and history tampered with?

Yes, world history for the last 600 years.

Yes, human evolution for the last 150 years.

Yes, the manipulation of human evolution accelerated in 2017

History was, is, and will be tampered with if not stopped by Science. To boast, to lie, to pretend is a part of the human homo-sapiens nature. On one hand, the winners justified the claims they laid to the titles, and lands by alleged ancestry and its glorious deeds. On the other hand, the court historians knew only too well how to please their masters. Continue reading “Were human evolution and history tampered with?”

Homo Sapience “Evil” Empires

“[Historical] revisionism … only means bringing history into accord with facts.” Harry Elmer Barnes (American historian, 1889–1968)

Based on exact sciences correction of chronology leads to the profound reconstruction of world history. 

Timeline of “Evil” Empires of Homo Sapience Sapience species that is both aggressive and prone to multiplication in geometrical progression

The Civilization of homo sapiens species defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is fairly young, and fits in a timeframe of barely 1000 years.  New Chronology theory doesn’t deny Pyramids,  Great Wall of China, and Notre Dame, but points to the more probable datings of events and artifacts on the time axis based on irrefutable data. Consensual chronology of events is refuted as erroneous, subjective and contrary to astronomyphysics, logic and statistics.

Homo sapience Evil Empire step by step

Homo sapience species moved step by step from natural selection to intelligent design. It survived the cognitive revolution around 100 000 years ago, the agricultural revolution approximately 10 000 years ago, the societal revolution 1500 years ago, the scientific revolution 500 years ago, and the industrial revolution 200 years ago. In the course of these revolutions, the species multiplied from 2 000 000 to 7.8 billion specimens and caused the massive extinction of plants and animals.

Ancient World, Atlantis, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia, India, China, Aliens and ETs we are told about in thousands of books, films, are fantasy. The key dates on the AD time axis based on New  Chronology are presumed, and approximate. The climatic periods are irrefutable as based on data from ice core deposits in Greenland. The major movements of populations during the last 100 000 across the globe are registered on haplogroups of billions of DNA samples collected in the last 50 years. 

Claim A: The conditions of survival, improved about 10 000 years ago allowing the multiplication of species of homo sapience in geometrical progression. The species began about 500 AD its consecutive progress from bands of forages to clans, to tribes, to proto-states, to centralized governments, to proto-empires across Eurasia by 1000 AD, that competed for space and resources ending in the formation by 1300 AD of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia that ruled the lands.

Claim B: This Superempire has subsequently disintegrated within the next 300 years due to various speeds of intellectual and technological development into competing parts. Western European part of the “Evil” Empire has overtaken by about 1600 intellectually and technologically all other parts, and started their colonization. Moreover, Western Europe has nearly wiped out by the XVIII century in a concerted effort from the memory of peoples of the former “Evil” Empire its very existence.

Claim C: The invention of mills to saw multiple boards from the logs, the invention of navigation instruments and optical instruments XV-XVII in Western Europe allowed the building of the oceangoing ships. Spain, Portugal, France, Holland, and England started the first industrial revolution, commerce, and overseas colonization. England won this competition growing by the end of the XVIII century from the small underpopulated province to a new “Evil” Empire of Great Britain that ruled the waves until the XX century.

First Epoch of civilization: 500 – 800 AD.  

ice age map europeAccording to anthropology the modern species of homo sapience has appeared about 120 000 years ago. Bad or good luck for us, as the Ice Age started about the same time. Very probably, we morphed into homo sapience and won the competition with other home species thanks to the Ice Age. Most of the Northern hemisphere became unfit for the survival of our species so we had to move a lot. 

hunetr gatherersThe Ice Age ended barely 10 000 years ago, and the human hunter-gatherers that survived started to multiply, and form clans and tribes in the deltas of the rivers of the Northern Hemisphere that were propitious for the survival of species.

golden ageOuf! We can survive and multiply at last! Populations practice fluvial agriculture, hunting, and fishing, compete for space and resources. That war our first and last Paradise that lasted from 10 000 BC to 500 AD with an average lifespan of 30 years! Civilization as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is inevitably coming to make our lifespan longer and us cleverer! Fare thee well Paradise! The pre-history of civilization starts by 500 AD!

ancient kingsThe rising density of populations leads to the formation of social structures due to the selective competition between clans and tribes. The social structures of populations of deltas reach by 500 AD  the level of the proto-states with the centralized pyramidal governance. Proto-states compete with each other for space and resources. Now we have resources and spare time to fight our neighbors, to multiply and expand!


Ice age warm age
We are illiterate heathens and pagans as of yet. Multiple Little Ice Ages during 10 000 BC to 850 BC slowed the proliferation of homo sapience species in Northern and Central Europe but allowed for one in Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Paganism rules. The Pre-history ends and Civilization begins by 800 AD  with the invention of hieroglyphical writing. 

polytheismKey Step: From Paganism we move to Polytheism AKA the system of dominant beliefs and worship practices that morph into structured religions. 

basic instrumentsBreakthrough: by 500 AD humans invent and use non-metal basic instruments, and simple weapons

 

 

 

egyptiansBreakthrough: By 800 AD we have just invented and started basic writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms that are difficult to learn and to use but made registration of events, writing of and control of execution of orders of the centralized authority feasible.

Chariot attackKey Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Nile and Euphrates rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that expand to Mare Nostrum shores and to Mesopotamia and fight with each other for space and resources. Civilization starts in 800 AD. 

 

IndiaKey Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Ganges, Yangtze rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that will expand in India, Southeastern Asia, and China,  compete for space and resources to turn into proto-empires.

 

hieroglyphsBreakthrough: Writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms on papyri, plaster, textile, clay, stone supports make a centralized rule possible. Proto-states that appear across Eurasia morph with different speeds into kingdoms with pyramidal social structures.

egypt state

scribes learnThe hieroglyphic and cuneiform writing is descriptive and unsuitable for the composition and communication of complicated phrases and long texts. It takes up to 10 years to learn, it is difficult to teach and to use. Nevertheless, it is sufficient for building a pyramidal social structure. Literacy is reserved for scribes and priests that serve the centralized authority.

YorosSecond Epoch: 800 – 1000 AD. 

The Medieval Warm Period of 850-1350 AD begins in the Northern Hemisphere in 850 AD, therefore, the Kingdom of Egypt Kem expands further to the North, to the coastal Mediterranean and Minor Asia. Kem turns into Judea-Israel proto-Empire with the capital Yoros on Bosphorus and founds fiefs in Italy, Spain, France, England, Ireland, Northern  Europe.

JerusalemJerusalem of 1000 BC, Babilon of 2000 BC, Troy of 3000 BC, Constantinople of 500 AD, and Czar-grad of  1000 AD we told about in the consensual history are alleged and actually are the same placeholder Yoros in Byzantium. The Issue with Troy

Iron productionKey Step: Monotheism develops. Breakthrough: By 900 AD we learn wheel across Eurasia to make and to use iron, copper, invent the wheel.

 

parchment makingBreakthrough: By 900 AD we create alphabetical writing, and invent papyri, and parchment as a support for information. This art of writing is much easier to learn, teach, and use but the cost of parchment and papyri is prohibitive for wide application and the rapid spread of literacy.

ancient authorsAll the supports we use at that time for fixing information are expensive and difficult for writing, teaching, and everyday use. The composition of complicated phrases and texts stays difficult. Literature is impossible as yet. The spread of knowledge, technologies, and know-how are still complicated.

Plato socr aristoAll allegedly ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek masterpieces of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, literature, and sciences were actually written in 1400-1800 AD under glorious aliases to keep the true authors thereof safe from the religious persecutions and inquisition.

ATF-5-Antiquity-3dConsensual characters of Antiquity: Priam, Helene, Achilles, Hector, Alexander the Great, Darius, Nebuchadnezzar, Euclid, Dionysius, Julius Caesar, Nero, Adrian, Caligula, Constantine, Ptolemy, Pharaoh, Cleopatra,  etc..etc. These alleged characters were invented in the framework of the creation of imaginary Antiquity in Europe during the XIII-XVI centuries. 

TheRésultats de recherche d'images pour « ancient gods and goddesses » panopticon of Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter deities, half and quarter deities, their myths, and legends, deeds of heroes acting in events that reflected events of early Middle Ages or simply imagined served the agenda of the creation of Antiquity needed to wiggle from under Evil Empire.

Capital of romeConsensual placeholders of Antiquity: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, Babilon, Assyria.  The Ancient Kingdom of Rome, Republic of Rome, Roman Empire. Consensual key events: Troy War, Spartan wars, Roman Wars, etc..all are alleged, fictitious, fallacious reflections of events that have actually taken place during 1200-1500 AD in Europe and Minor Asia.

LacoonAll poems, legends, stories, literature written by allegedly ancient Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese authors, poets, thinkers were ‘found’, AKA written during 1300-1800 under ‘ancient’ aliases. “Antiquity” sculptures and artifacts mass-produced in Italy in 1500-1800 AD in a widescale operation under the auspices of Medicis & Co.

Third Epoch: 1000 – 1200 AD. 

occident-orientProto-Empire Judea-Israel rules from the capital Yoros (idem Troy, Rome, Constantinople), situated on Bosphorus and expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe divided into Thems (fiefdoms). Medieval Warm Period of 850–1350 AD has facilitated both agriculture and construction in  Europe and Asia.

 

VikingsOverpopulation of Scandinavia in the Medieval Warm Period leads to conquests by Vikings of coastal Northern Europe, British Isles, Ireland, Iceland, Mediterranean, and Greenland. 

ATF-5-Antiquity-3dThe Proto-Empire Judea-Israel is reflected in manuscripts of XIV-XVI century AD as Ancient Greece, Persia, Jerusalem, Rome, Troy, Constantinople, Czargrad. Consensual alleged history characters: Alexander, Pharaoh, Nefertiti, Solomon, Cheops, Mithridates, Atilla, Caesar, Charlemagne, Clovis, King Arthur, Wilhelm the Conqueror, Prince Vladimir, Prince Oleg, Constantine, King Richard, etc..etc; The Issue with Antiquity

monotheismKey stepPolytheism transforms into pre-Christian Monotheism bound to split within the next 200 years into conflicting religions of the common Abrahamic root: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

 

Romen emperor

Romen razorBreakthrough: We invent the bronze instruments, and start shaving.

According to metallurgy, bronze is by far more complicated to produce than iron. The Bronze Age is a fallacy. Therefore all ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek statues of clean-shaven heroes and Emperors were made well after XII century AD.

Fibo1We discover mathematics, geometry, mechanics, and algebra. We invent primitive and composite concretes and begin in XI century building of aqueducts, cathedrals, roads, and bridges. We build the pyramids in the XIII century according to Fibonacci proportions discovered at that time! We invent by 1100 AD cheap paper in Byzantium and start writing with vowels, reading complicated religious texts. We can make drafts, teach, disseminate knowledge.

ancieent sciencesWith the help of non-expensive paper as information support, we can progress much faster. Starting with religious studies we develop literature and poetry, astrology and alchemy that will turn by XVI century into astronomy and chemistry. Clergy becomes writers and poets, knights compose and sing fine ballads.

cavalleryWe invent the stirrups for cavalry and learn the art to command the military formations.  The rapid growth of the “Evil” Empire across Europe in the XIII-XIV centuries and across Eurasia within in XV-XVI centuries takes place.

bubonic map“Evil” Empire of Eurasia established during the XIII-XIV centuries the road and seaway networks over long distances with key points at crossroads that turned into capitals of countries after the Empire disintegrated.  This network facilitates the Epidemics of infectious diseases.

 

black deathBlack Death is a reflection of the extremely drastic quarantine measures in XIV-XV centuries undertaken by the “Evil” Empire to prevent further spread of plagues by military operations,  isolating and killing populations of infected territories in Europe under pretexts of religious and/or ethnic cleansing.

 

stirrupsThe invention of cavalry units with stirrups assured the overwhelming superiority and mobility of the “Evil” Empire armies.  Due to the conflict of interest of Europe and Asia, due to the intellectual superiority of western Thems (fiefdoms), the subsequent disintegration of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia within the XVI-XVII centuries is inevitable.

Paper inventionBreakthrough: The Invention of cheap paper leads to the spread of alphabetic writing and religious literacy and proto-sciences. 

 

 

Bible translatorsBreakthrough: The translation of Christian texts into vernacular languages leads to the split within Catholic Christianity, the conflict between the Church and the Bible. Roman Curia forbade first English and German translations, burned at stake translators Ian Huss and Tyndall. Old and New Testament in vernacular languages became the base of  Protestantism. Small Ice Ages lead to famines and peasant revolts, the sack of monasteries in Northern Europe in the XV-XVI centuries. 

Breakthroughs:  We start by XI century the Construction of Big Projects, build 777 Wonders of the World, i.e. Pyramids, Sphinxes, Temples, Obelisks in Egypt, aqueducts, Coliseums, paved roads. The ruins of the Coliseum in Rome were built as late as the XVI century on the order of the Roman Pope!

7 wonders

egypt hieroglyphsHieroglyphic writing is used for religious purposes and for the description of important events of 1200 – 1500 AD and/or religious notions on the walls and columns of temples and palaces in Egypt.

egypt hieroglyphs 2We create a vocabulary of astrological and astronomical symbols that allows the recording of dates of significant events. Most of the symbols are still used in astrology. Dates of crucial events are recorded in zodiacs and horoscopes painted or cut in stones in the Palaces and Temples of Egypt.

Fourth Epoch of 1200 – 1300 AD

Jesus Christ. Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. Pre-Christian Monotheism transforms into aggressive Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity. Christian Crusades to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ (Byzantine emperor Andronicus?) are organized by Christians to Constantinople, idem Troy, idem Czar-Grad.

roman soldiersOrthodox Catholic Christianity expands into Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. Christian Empire forms in Russia in the XIII century and by the XIV century, it colonizes Central and Western Europe. The warlords of the Christian Empire turn within 3-4 generations from its vassals into Kings. “Evil” Empire loses step by step the control starting the XVth century. The consensual history will describe it in XV-XVI centuries as the Roman Empire that allegedly lasted from 1000 BC to 500 AD. 

oxfordReligious literacy, improvement of mathematics, astrology, and alchemy develop. Dozens of religious Universities spring across Western and Central Europe to become in less than a century the hotbeds of education and proto sciences.

monotheismKey Breakthrough: Monotheism transforms into Abrahamic pre-Christianity. The invention of cheap paper as information support makes the dissemination of ideas and proto-sciences across Europe and Minor Asia possible.

Résultats de recherche d'images pour « ancient poets »Key Breakthrough: Writing with vowels makes texts easily readable. Recording information by writing becomes simple. The composition of complicated phrases is simple. Long complicated texts and literature are feasible. Poetry and literature start developing disguised initially as ‘ancient’ Greek and Roman ones.

conflict ideasKey Breakthrough: Teaching to write and read becomes easier. Dissemination of knowledge is facilitated. The speed of the proliferation of ideas increases. Conflicts based on different religious ideas of competing currents take place inevitably.

andronicusKey Breakthrough: Christianity becomes the prime mover of human civilization. Following a mutiny caused by a conflict of religious ideas, Byzantine Emperor Andronicus – allegedly born in 1152 A.D. in Crimea – is killed (crucified) in 1185 A.D. in Jerusalem idem Constantinople, and buried on the mountain of Beikos.

Pre-Christianity transforms into Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity with Emperor Andronicus as the probable prototype of Jesus Christ of the New Testament.

ATF-15-Crusades-3dKey Breakthrough: Crusades. Crusade of 1189-1192 AD and Crusade in 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the subordinates and relatives of the late Emperor Andronicus. Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Crusades and Exoduses

 

jesus teachesKey BreakthroughReligious education expands. Due to the powerful societal potential of ideas of Christianity, due to the increased speed of proliferation and dissemination of writing and reading, religious literacy and education become possible and spread. Hundreds of Christian monasteries, dozens of sects, schools, universities spring across Minor Asia and Europe.

suzdalKey Breakthroughs: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. XIII-XIV century AD – Slavic and Turkic Princes of Judea-Israel, blood relatives, and subordinates of Byzantine Emperor Andronicus recreate an Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire with Great Novgorod as its Center. This Empire makes a short-lived conquest of Central and Western Europe and disintegrates within 100 years.

family tree jcannonciation kremlinGreat Novgorod consists of Wladimir-Suzdal-Yaroslavl-Kostroma-Moscow Golden Ring cities. Rem: Russian Czars are shown as direct heirs of Jesus on their family tree in Annunciation Cathedral of Kremlin. 

Fifth Epoch of 1300 – 1450 AD

triad avraamicShort-lived Empire of Eurasia. Orthodox Catholic Christianity splits into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic, and Islam currents. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic. Orthodox Christianity splits further into Apostolic and Regal currents.

 

White MoscowThe Apostolic Christian part of the imperial ruling dynasty wins the battle of Kulikovo (Moscow) in 1380 AD and founds the city of Mosques – White Moscow. 

 

Kulikovo 1380.png

bhuddaRegal Christian part pursues their expansion to India, Tibet, and China.

 

Regal Orthodox Christianity morphs into Mithraism, Buddhism, and Krishnaism. The above explains numerous similarities and basic scenarios of life, death, resurrection, origins, phraseology. These eastern religions are the morphs and reflections of Christianity datable by 1300-1450 AD.

capital western europeKey Breakthroughs: The colonization of Europe in XIII-XIV century due to military superiority of Empire. Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire colonizes and baptizes Central and Western Europe. Rem: the swords, armor, decorations with Turkic, Slavonic, Arabic and allegedly illegible inscriptions are kept in European museums and Kremlin.

reimsRem: manuscript Orthodox Slavonic Bibles used in royal coronation rituals are still kept in the cathedral of Reims, France, and Nikoping, Sweden. Remark: Helmets and armor of Russian Czars kept in Kremlin Armory bear Quran quotes. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet

ATF-8-Horde-3dKey Breakthrough:  Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire grows in XIII-XV centuries into a multi-confessional, multilingual centralized, and ruthless “Evil” Empire of Eurasia with citizens strictly divided into hereditary castes: governing, civil, military nobles (Caucasians), transportation, and equine relay network (Gypsies), taxation (Jews, origin of anti-Semitism), Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim clergy of common Abrahamic root. The Issue with Great Tartary

ATF-14-Tartary-3dKey Breakthrough: Military superiority of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia. Due to the overwhelming superiority and mobility of cavalry troops, ruthless discipline, superior administration, organization, and communications network in the “Evil” Empire, the colonization, and control of tribal territories or proto-states was very rapid. Equine relay network run by the caste of Gypsies and taxation system run by the caste of Jews is set up. “Blood tax”, i.e. conscription of population is enforced. The Issue with Tamerlane

The sixth epoch of 1450-1700 AD

ATF-9-Mongols-3dThe disintegration of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia.

Key Breakthroughs: The Empire of Eurasia rules the lands. The eventual resistance is ruthlessly crushed. The refusal to pay taxes due to the Emperor alias Czar alias Caesar alias Khan is punished by the ‘Tartar-Mongol invasions’.

3 horsemanEvil Empire of Eurasia (Great Tartary) builds castles, fortresses, and road networks for troops, a long-distance equine relay system with transportation speed up to 20 km/hour for governance and trade (horse and horseman are changed in relays). The Empire establishes provincial capitals in the key points of the road network. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic

Silk roadThe road network of Empire allows for trade between Eastern and Western parts of the Empire. The East sells to the West spices, fine tissues, silk, precious and semi-precious stones. The West sells optics, watches, jewelry. Note the resemblance of the word Jew and Jewellery. Jews from the tax collectors caste were not poor. 

ottoman battleKey Breakthroughs: Islam. Ottoman Empire. The network of roads and trade between formerly isolated populations across the Evil Empire Eurasia leads to the spread of infectious disease and plagues. To stop this spread the Ottoman Empire or the southern branch of Great Tartary cuts the supply of spices and silk from the East.

ATF-11-Tamerlane-3dEvil Empire carries through the large scale of sanitary and ethnic cleansing military operations in the Balkans and splits into Ottoman and Russ-Horde branches to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Islam splits from Christianity completely. The Issue with Tamerlane

How Europe escaped from Eurasia

Step 1. First industrial revolution.

Due to the “stimulating” Little Ice Age of 1400-1700 AD the Western and Central European former provinces of the “Evil” Empire: Italy, Germany, Holland, England, France, Spain, and Portugal start the first industrial revolution. They harness water and wind power. They build mills to grind the grain, saw the boards, spin tissues. They invent furnaces to make steel from pig-iron and bronze from copper. They invent powder and guns. They invent standard burnt bricks. Best of all they invented a time measuring device clock. The irrefutable dates of the above inventions allow for the dating of alleged events of the history of human civilization.

Step 2. First ideological revolution.

By 1450 AD the split of Orthodox-Catholic Christianity into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic, and Islam currents of Avraamic root became a fait accompli. Catholic branch with headquarters in Rome declared itself the most ancient, therefore the only true one. 

To do so, Roman Curia invented with the willing help of black and white learned clergy and humanists who became scientists the myth of the Roman Empire. Roman Curia refuted Yoros, i.e. Constantinople as the place of origin of Orthodox-Catholic Christianity.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly in complete contradiction the facts of the First industrial revolution.

Example:

If you place the architectural monuments of Rome on a timeline, per the official dates of their construction, then between the 4th and 14th centuries a one sees a void of 1000 years.

According to official consensual history, in Rome, buildings, Colosseum excepted, were not preserved from the end of Antiquity to the beginning of the Renaissance. There is not a single monument in 10 centuries, not even ruins! AKA Colosseum is an artificial ruin made of standard bricks.

We are told that all the Roman ruins are very ancient structures and all the buildings of the Middle Ages were either burned down, destroyed by barbarians, and rebuilt with standard brick, which was used in Europe and around the world only from the 15th century (sic!).

Step 3. First scientific revolution.

galileo+popeKey Breakthrough: Development of Science. For their own security, scientists made their discoveries public under fictitious glorious names of ‘ancient’ astronomers and ‘ancient’ philosophers, and under the cover of allegedly pre-diluvian scientific treaties. Astrology turns into astronomy, religion into philosophy, alchemy into chemistry.

LacoonFearful of inquisition, scientists work under pseudonyms. The groundwork of Science is laid. To turn witchcraft into medicine, corpses are stolen and dissected. Anatomy theatres open in universities in Europe. Rem: at last Italian sculptors start to make anatomically correct beautiful `ancient` Greek and Roman sculptures. Dark Ages in Medieval History

st malo

Hundreds of monasteries, thousands of schools increase literacy and dozens of universities spread science appear across Minor Asia and Europe. Propaganda becomes a powerful weapon for Europe. World history turns into the weapon of Propaganda. The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy

Ancient romeKey Breakthrough: “Re-Naissance”.

To confirm the divine rights of the new ‘ancient’ ruling class of Europe, the learned people of Renaissance invent in the XIV-XVI century A.D. the history of Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome and manufacture their paraphernalia eagerly bought by the rich and powerful.

Monks teachThousands of learned monks of different orders, white and black clergy, a new class of learned people toil for three centuries to elaborate ‘ancient’ languages, compose literature, philosophy masterpieces under resounding pseudonyms. Rem: artists and sculptors mass produce ‘ancient’ artifacts. 

 

The Issue with Antiquity Résultat de recherche d'images pour "ancient rome"

 

CaravellaKey Breakthrough: Western European countries of the former “Evil” Empire: Spain, France, Portugal, Italy, Holland, and England, start building commercial and military maritime fleets to open new trade routes to the East by sailing around Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean. Rule the lands begins to lose to rule the waves!

giants western europeKey Breakthroughs: Rapid development in Europe. The warlords of the conquering armies of the “Evil” Empire often stayed as rulers in the colonized countries and made their rights hereditary. The heavy taxation by far away ‘Mongol’ Caesar alias Khan inspired separatist ideas to the heirs of the warlords.

aristocracy central europeKey Breakthroughs: European Aristocracy. The split of Christianity into Orthodox and Catholic currents prepares the ground for the separation of Europe from the “Evil” Empire. The heirs of Imperial warlords become English, French, Spanish kings and form a class of European high aristocracy, fight dynastic wars.

To start with, all inventions of the First industrial revolution were declared to have been made in the Roman Empire with the capital in Rome, Italy but forgotten during 1000 years of the Dark Ages to be rediscovered in Renaissance.

Key breakthrough: the heirs of the warlords of the “Evil” Empire that occupied in XIII-XIV RIGN symbolcenturies Central Europe formed in XV the century the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation (RIGN) with an Emperor elected by 7 German Princes Electors. Allegedly Roman Pope Leo III crowned on 25/12/800 the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor. The power of the Emperor was limited, princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire had de facto independence within their territories.

Image result for martin lutherIn fact, this Empire construct was neither Roman nor Holy. Most of the Princes turned Protestant.

 

imperial banner HREimperial banner russiaKey breakthrough: Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon. The Empire has the same imperial banner as Russian Empire (sic!).

aristocracy western europeCourt historians invent ‘ancient’ dynasties for the heirs of warlords. Clergy duly explains the divine origin of royal power. Astrologists find abundant “confirmations” thereof in the sky. Rem: all solar eclipses of the alleged Antiquity described in `ancient` manuscripts turn out to be medieval. Astronomy vs. History

Gutenberg pressKey Breakthroughs: Gutenberg printing press. Propaganda becomes a major weapon. The invention of the printing press makes the production of cheap multiple copies of documents and charts possible. Immediate application for military, governance, religious, education, and propaganda purposes follow.

University medievalKey BreakthroughThe speed of information proliferation and dissemination of the art of writing, teaching, reading, and education increases by the order of magnitude. European ex-provinces of the “Evil” Empire develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Eurasia.

spain-portugal globeKey breakthrough: Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492. Spain and Portugal make important discoveries and conquests in the Americas, Africa, India, and China. They sign in 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the globe into two hemispheres dividing Spanish and Portuguese claims. Roman Pope Alexander VI complied and issued a Bull.

Invention 1600Key Breakthrough: Separatism in Europe. After two centuries of ‘Mongol’ yoke, separatism takes hold in Western Europe, which by then has already invented shipbuilding, clocks, powder, guns, paper, printing, telescope, and the microscope. Europe overtakes Asia in sciences.

The concerted effort of Europe to escape the control of the Evil Empire with its crushing military superiority was inevitable. The Issue with Mongols

lutherKey Breakthrough: Protestantism. German Princes, AKA the heirs of ‘Mongol’ warlords in Germany support Martin Luther’s reform of pro-imperial Catholic Church in Protestantism. The Bible is translated into native languages.

 

ruin of cathedralKey breakthrough: Little Ice Age that started by the middle of XVI century led to poor harvest and famine, and to massive pogroms of the Jewish network of imperial taxation. The sack of numerous Catholic cathedrals and monasteries took place in Germany and England. 

 

trentKey Breakthrough: The Council of Trent of 1545-1563. Black and white Catholic clergy transform the pro-imperial Orthodox Catholic Church into the Roman Catholic Church. The Julian Calendar is replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582. A list of forbidden books is established, books are found and burnt. Jesuits set up the Order of Jesus and run the Inquisition.

ATF-10-Terrible-3dKey Breakthroughs: War of Evil Empire Dynasties. Czar Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) was probably a fictitious character that stood for the compilation of four consecutive competing contenders to the Throne of Empire. European troops assure victories over Judea Kazan Khan and Tartar Khan of Crimea in the dynastic civil war.

great strifeThe intestine struggle of dynasties over 50 years has decimated over 10,000 high-ranking officers of the Russian Horde armies. That made the re-conquest of rebellious Europe by the “Evil” Empire unfeasible and the ensuing Great Strife in it inevitable. The Time of Troubles lasted from 1584 to 1613. Russia suffered the civil war, Polish invasions, and a famine that killed one-third of the population. The Pro-western Dynasty of Romanov took the throne in 1613. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

high nobilityKey Breakthrough: a collective memory of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia is erased. Once the disintegration objective reached, Europe makes a concerted effort to erase the former “Evil” Empire and its very existence from the people’s memory. This effort is supported by the high nobility of Europe who already had their brand new ‘ancient’ history written.

petaviusScaligerRem: Jesuit Chronology, which served for 300 years as the immutable basis of world history, is in fact composed by Kabbalist Joseph Scaliger (1585) and perfected by the Jesuit Dionysius Petavius (1627). The Issue with Chronology

 

bokks burnt

Key Breakthrough: A list of forbidden authors is established by Roman Curia and ancient heretic and/or manuscripts are burnt all over Europe. Writings of ‘ancient’ Roman, Greek authors are mass-produced by the Benedictine order, whereby the originals are never found.

ancient authorsRem: multi-volume collections of ancient Greek and Roman authors appear before original masterpieces of the “ancients” are found, if found at all.

 

time of troubleKey Breakthrough: A Great Strife begins in the Empire of Eurasia in 1584. German princes helped the pro-European Romanov dynasty to usurp the throne of the Evil Empire of Eurasia in 1613. The Dynasty of Eurasian Czars is replaced by the pro-European Romanov one.

peter to europe25 years old Czar Peter went to Europe for the first time in 1697 with a Grand Embassy to seek the settlement with the European monarchs and the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire laid siege of Vienna in In 1683. The ensuing war of Europe with Empire lasted until 1699. This Embassy was scheduled to take a couple of weeks lasted 2 years and ended in 1699. The King of England William III in concert with Kings of France, Austria, and Holland replaces the Russian Czar Peter with a look-alike agent in order to stop the imminent Russian and Ottoman invasions.

peter fm europeThis agent was an officer of the Dutch Ost-India-Company. New Peter mastered both shipbuilding and was a prize duellist. Czar Peter, I came home another man speaking Russian with the German accent. His own family did not recognize him, consequently, he banned his wife to a monastery, disbanded the guard of Streltsy, sent his half-sister Sophia who has supported guards to a monastery. Peter ordered the nobility of boyars to cut beards, smoke tobacco and dance ballet.

 

ottoman empireThe former provinces of the Evil Empire: China, Japan, Iran, and Ottoman Empires become independent, but stay fiercely anti-European and anti-Romanov. The Ottoman Empire tries to re-conquer Western Europe in 1529 and again in 1683 (sic!);  fails dismally both times. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

Russian Empire of Eurasia Epoch. 1700-1917.

KremlinPeter the Great starts to build the New Russian Empire, modernizes his part of the former Evil Empire up to Moscow (city of Mosques), moves the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg.

 

ATF-19-Peter-3dEmperor Peter beats under Poltava in 1709, the King of Sweden Karl XII – who had the best army in Europe and was another pretender to the Russian throne.

poltavaIn 1725, Peter the Great leaves a Testament ordering his heirs to make the Russian Empire Great Again. The reign of Empress Elisabeth followed by Empress Catherine the Great is a travesty of the dynasty Peter the Great wanted but failed to found. In 1762, the pseudo-Romanovs become the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov German dynasty of Russian (sic!) Czars, sorry, Emperors.

pougatchevIn 1773-1775, the Russian Empire crushes the Great Tartary headed by Pougatchev, the last pretender to the throne of the “Evil” Empire. In 1776-1796, the Russian Empire takes over the lands of the Muscovite Tartary and expands to Siberia, Alaska, and North-Western America, which it can’t control for a long time due to enormous distances and the absence of a fleet. The Testament of Peter the Great.

Timeframe

The timeframe of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, therefore it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events are moved to their more probable place on the time axis.

From 500 A.D. to 1200 A.D. humans have invented instruments, arms, agriculture, writing, trade and industries, the structure of population morphed from clans, tribes, kingdoms, States into centrally governed Judea-Israel Empire; changed its religious beliefs from paganism and polytheism to Christianity. From 1200 A.D. to 1350 A.D. it transforms into the Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire.

The Medieval Warm Period of 850 A.D. – 1350 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the accelerated growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of  1400 A.d.– 1700 A.D. provoked the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries, the spread of Protestantism and complete disintegration of Empire of Eurasia.

Map of Siberia by Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598). Antwerp, 1584.

Europe xviEurope separates step by step from the embrace of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia in 1400 – 1700 and splits into competing English, French, German,  Spanish kingdoms and Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.

 

Rooal navyEngland builds the Royal Navy to rule the waves and turns from a tiny impoverished kingdom into the enormous British Empire where the sun will never set down for Ost and West Indian Companies.

French monarchyFrance mutates into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe and competes with Britain, Austria, and Spain on all fronts and in all domains.

 

RIGNRIGN symbolThe imbroglio of 300 kingdoms of Central Europe stays under Habsburg’s umbrella of the Empire of the German Nation that was neither Roman nor Holy.

 

Spain colonizesSpain discovered and colonized together with Portugal the Americas, erased local populations and cultures, baptized heathen Aztecs and Incas to the hilt, and freed them from the burden of useless golden pagan decorations. 

mona lisaLeonardoEuropean provinces develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than the ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of the Empire of Eurasia.

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, the Roman Empire, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had vested interests to support the myths of Antiquity but each of them for their own reasons.

Map of Europe by P. Duval (1684).
Map of Europe by P. Duval (1684).

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised, Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

8 roman popes

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 See Table of Contents

The fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents

galileo+pope

kepler+solar system

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians’ independent exercise of their religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. See Table of Contents

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists, and scientists had each own vested interests and reasons to support the myths of Antiquity.

The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican

Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

The Roman Church moved the beginning of Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem from Constantinople to Palestine to justify the leadership of Western Christianity and its priority over Oriental Christianity.

Reconstruction of History would require a new concerted united effort on the part of exact sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry, genetics, etc.. and humanities like archaeology, ancient art, and literature, linguistics,  ancient architecture, etc..

At present such concerted effort of world history reconstruction does not take place due to the comfortable, well-paid position of the mainstream historians staying with a consensual history built on the erroneous chronology manufactured by Kabbalist Scaliger in XVI and polished by Jesuit Petavius in XVII century.

 Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

“Evil” Empires

“[Historical] revisionism … only means bringing history into accord with facts.” Harry Elmer Barnes (American historian, 1889–1968)

Based on exact sciences correction of chronology leads to the profound reconstruction of world history. 

Timeline of “Evil” Empires of Homo Sapiens Sapiens species that is both aggressive and prone to multiplication in geometrical progression

The Civilization of homo sapiens species defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is fairly young, and fits in a timeframe of barely 1000 years.  New Chronology theory doesn’t deny Pyramids,  Great Wall of China, and Notre Dame, but points to the more probable datings of events and artifacts on the time axis based on irrefutable data. Consensual chronology of events is refuted as erroneous, subjective and contrary to astronomyphysics, logic and statistics.

Ancient World, Atlantis, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia, India, China, Aliens and ETs we are told about in thousands of books, films, are fantasy. The key dates on AD time axis based on New  Chronology are presumed, and approximate. The climatic periods are irrefutable as based on data from ice core deposits in Greenland. The major movements of populations across the globe are based on billions of DNA samples collected in the last 50 years.

Hypothesis A: The conditions of survival, improved about 10 000 years ago allowing the multiplication of species of homo sapience in geometrical progression. The species began about 500 AD its progress from clans to tribes, to proto-states, to centralized governments, to proto-empires across Eurasia by 1000 AD, that competed for space and resources ending in the formation by 1300 AD of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia that ruled the lands.

Hypothesis B: This Superempire has subsequently disintegrated within the next 300 years due to various speeds of intellectual and technological development into competing parts. Western European part of “Evil” Empire has overtaken by about 1600 intellectually and technologically all other parts, and started their colonization. Moreover, Western Europe has nearly wiped out by the XVIII century in a concerted effort from the memory of peoples of the former “Evil” Empire its very existence.

Hypothesis C: The invention of mills to saw multiple boards from the logs, the invention of navigation instruments and optical instruments XV-XVII in Western Europe allowed the building of the oceangoing ships. Spain, Portugal, France, Holland, and England started the first industrial revolution, the commerce, and overseas colonization. England won this competition growing by the end of XVIII century from the small underpopulated province to a new “Evil” Empire of Great Britain that ruled the waves until XX century.

First Epoch: 500 – 800 AD.  

ice age map europeAccording to anthropology the modern species of homo sapience has appeared about 120 000 years ago. Bad or good luck for us, as the Ice Age started about the same time. Very probably, we morphed into homo sapience thanks to the Ice Age. Most of the Northern hemisphere became unfit for our survival. 

 

hunetr gatherersThe Ice Age ended barely 10 000 years ago, and the human hunter-gatherers that survived started to multiply, and form clans and tribes in the deltas of the rivers of the Northern Hemisphere that were propitious for the survival of species.

 

golden ageOuf! We can survive and multiply at last! Populations practice fluvial agriculture, hunting, and fishing, compete for space and resources. That war our first and last Paradise that lasted from 10 000 BC to 500 AD with an average lifespan of 30 years! Civilization as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is inevitably coming to make our lifespan longer and us cleverer! Fare thee well Paradise! Pre-history of civilization starts by 500 A.D.!

 

ancient kingsRising density of populations leads to the formation of social structures due to the selective competition between clans and tribes. The social structures of populations of deltas reach by 500 AD  the level of the proto-states with the centralized pyramidal governance. Proto-states compete with each other for space and resources. Now we have resources and spare time to fight our neighbours, to multiply and expand!

 


Ice age warm age
We are illiterate heathens and pagans as yet. Multiple Littel Ice Ages during 10 000 BC to 850 BC slowed the proliferation of homo sapience species in Northern and Central Europe but allowed for one in Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Paganism rules. The Pre-history ends and Civilization begins by 800 A.D.  with the invention of hieroglyphical writing. 

 

polytheismKey Step: From Paganism we move to Polytheism AKA the system of dominant beliefs and worship practices that morph into structured religions. 

 

basic instrumentsBreakthrough: by 500 AD humans invent and use non-metal basic instruments, and simple weapons.

 

 

 

egyptians

 

 

learning to readBreakthrough: By 800 AD we have just invented and started basic writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms that are difficult to learn and to use but made registration of events and issue and control of execution of orders of the centralized authority possible.

 

Chariot attackKey Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Nile and Euphrates rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that expand to Mare Nostrum shores and to Mesopotamia and fight with each other for space and resources. Civilization starts in 800 A.D. 

 

IndiaKey Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Ganges, Yangtze rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that will expand in India, Southeastern Asia, and China,  compete for space and resources to turn into proto-empires.

 

hieroglyphsBreakthrough: Writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms on papyri, plaster, textile, clay, stone supports make a centralized rule possible. Proto-states that appear across Eurasia morph with different speed into kingdoms with pyramidal social structure.

 

egypt state

scribes learnThe hieroglyphic and cuneiform writing is descriptive and unsuitable for the composition and communication of complicated phrases and long texts. It takes up to 10 years to learn, it is difficult to teach and to use. Nevertheless, it is sufficient for building a pyramidal social structure. Literacy is reserved for scribes and priests that serve the centralized authority.

 

YorosSecond Epoch: 800 – 1000 AD. The Medieval Warm Period of 850-1350 AD begins in the Northern Hemisphere in 850 AD, therefore, the Kingdom of Egypt Kem expands further to the North, to the coastal Mediterranean and Minor Asia. Kem turns into Judea-Israel proto-Empire with the capital Yoros on Bosphorus and founds fiefs in Italy, Spain, France, England, Ireland, Northern  Europe.

 

JerusalemJerusalem of 1000 BC, Babilon of 2000 BC, Troy of 3000 BC, Constantinople of 500 AD, and Czar-grad of  1000 AD we told about in the consensual history are alleged and actually are the same placeholder Yoros in Byzantium. The Issue with Troy

 

Iron productionKey Step: Monotheism develops. Breakthrough: By 900 AD we learn across Eurasia to make and to use iron, steel, copper, bronze and invent the wheel.

wheel

 

parchment makingBreakthrough: By 900 AD we create alphabetical writing, and invent papyri, and parchment as a support for information. This art of writing is much easier to learn, to teach and to use but the cost of parchment and papyri is prohibitive for wide application and the rapid spread of literacy.

 

ancient authorsAll the supports we use at that time for fixing information are expensive and difficult for writing, teaching, and everyday use. The composition of complicated phrases and texts stays difficult. Literature is impossible as yet. The spread of knowledge, technologies, and know-how is still complicated.

 

Plato socr aristoAll allegedly ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek masterpieces of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, literature, and sciences were actually written in 1400-1800 AD under glorious aliases to keep the true authors thereof safe from the religious persecutions and inquisition.

 

ATF-5-Antiquity-3dConsensual characters of Antiquity: Priam, Helene, Achilles, Hector, Alexander the Great, Darius, Nebuchadnezzar, Euclid, Dionysius, Julius Caesar, Nero, Adrian, Caligula, Constantine, Ptolemy, Pharaoh, Cleopatra,  etc..etc. These alleged characters were invented in the framework of the creation of imaginary Antiquity in Europe during XIII-XVI centuries. 

 

TheRésultats de recherche d'images pour « ancient gods and goddesses » panopticon of Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter deities, half and quarter deities, their myths, and legends, deeds of heroes acting in events that reflected events of early Middle Ages or simply imagined served the agenda of the creation of Antiquity needed to wiggle from under Evil Empire.

 

Capital of romeConsensual placeholders of the antiquity: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, Babilon, Assyria.  The Ancient Kingdom of Rome, Republic of Rome, Roman Empire. Consensual key events: Troy War, Spartan wars, Roman Wars, etc..all are alleged, fictitious, fallacious reflections of events that have actually taken place during 1200-1500 AD in Europe and Minor Asia.

 

LacoonAll poems, legends, stories, literature written by allegedly ancient Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese authors, poets, thinkers were ‘found’, AKA written during 1300-1800 under ‘ancient’ aliases. “Antiquity” sculptures and artefacts mass-produced in Italy in 1500-1800 AD in a widescale operation under the auspices of Medicis & Co.

 

occident-orientThird Epoch: 1000 – 1200 AD. Proto-Empire Judea-Israel rules from the capital Yoros (idem Troy, Rome, Constantinople), situated on Bosphorus and expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe divided into Thems (fiefdoms). Medieval Warm Period of 850–1350 A.D. has facilitated both agriculture and construction in  Europe and Asia.

 

VikingsOverpopulation of Scandinavia in Medieval Warm Period leads to conquests by Vikings of coastal Northern Europe, British Isles, Ireland, Island, and Greenland. 

 

ATF-5-Antiquity-3dThe Proto-Empire Judea-Israel is reflected in manuscripts of XIII-XV century AD as Ancient Greece, Persia, Jerusalem, Rome, Troy, Constantinople, Czargrad. Consensual alleged history characters: Alexander, Pharaoh, Nefertiti, Solomon, Cheops, Mithridates, Atilla, Caesar, Charlemagne, Clovis, King Arthur, Wilhelm the Conqueror, Prince Vladimir, Prince Oleg, Constantine, King Richard, etc..etc; The Issue with Antiquity

 

monotheismKey stepPolytheism transforms into pre-Christian Monotheism bound to split within the next 200 years into conflicting religions of the common Abrahamic root: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

 

 

Romen emperor

Romen razorBreakthrough: We invent the bronze and steel instruments, armour and start shaving. According to the metallurgy, bronze is by far more complicated to produce than iron. Therefore all ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek statues of clean-shaven heroes and Emperors were made well after XII century AD.

 

Fibo1We discover mathematics, geometry, mechanics, and algebra. We invent primitive and composite concretes and start in XI century building of aqueducts, cathedrals, roads, and bridges. We build the pyramids in the XIII century according to Fibonacci proportions discovered at that time! We invent by 1100 AD cheap paper in Byzance and start writing with vowels, reading complicated religious texts. We can make drafts, teach, disseminate knowledge.

 

ancieent sciencesWith the help of non-expensive paper as information support, we can progress much faster. Starting with religious studies we develop literature and poetry, astrology and alchemy that will turn by XVI century into astronomy and chemistry. Clergy becomes writers and poets, knights compose and sing fine ballads.

 

cavalleryWe invent the stirrups for cavalry and learn the art to command the military formations.  The rapid growth of “Evil” Empire across in Europe in XIII-XIV centuries and across Eurasia within in XV-XVI centuries takes place.

bubonic map“Evil” Empire of Eurasia established during XIII-XIV centuries the road and seaway networks over long distances with key points at crossroads that turned into capitals of countries after the Empire disintegrated.  This network facilitates the Epidemics of infectious diseases.

 

black deathBlack Death is a reflection of the extremely drastic measures in XIV-XV centuries undertaken by “Evil” Empire to prevent further spread of plagues by military operations,  isolating and killing populations of infected territories in Europe under pretexts of religious and/or ethnic cleansing.

 

stirrupsThe invention of cavalry units with stirrups assured the overwhelming superiority and mobility of the “Evil” Empire armies.  Due to the conflict of interest of Europe and Asia, due to intellectual superiority of western Thems       (fiefdoms), the subsequent disintegration of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia within XVI-XVII centuries is inevitable.

 

Paper inventionBreakthrough: The Invention of cheap paper leads to the spread of alphabetic writing and religious literacy and proto-sciences. 

 

 

 

Bible translatorsBreakthrough: The translation of Christian texts into vernacular languages leads to the split within Catholic Christianity, the conflict between the Church and the Bible. Roman Curia forbade first English and German translations, burned at stake translators Ian Huss and Tyndall. Old and New Testament in vernacular languages became the base of  Protestantism. Small Ice Ages lead to famines and peasant revolts, the sack of monasteries in Northern Europe in XV-XVI centuries. 

 

Breakthroughs:  We start by XI century the Construction of Big Projects, build 777 Wonders of the World, i.e. Pyramids, Sphinxes, Temples, Obelisks in Egypt, aqueducts, Coliseums, paved roads. The ruins of Coliseum in Rome were built as late as XVI century on order of Roman Pope!

7 wonders

egypt hieroglyphsHieroglyphic writing is used for religious purposes and for the description of important events of 1200 – 1500 AD and/or religious notions on the walls and columns of temples and palaces in Egypt.

 

egypt hieroglyphs 2We create a vocabulary of astrological and astronomical symbols which allows the recording of dates of significant events. Most of the symbols are still used in astrology. Dates of crucial events are recorded in zodiacs and horoscopes painted or cut in stones in the Palaces and Temples of Egypt.

 

Jesus Christ Epoch: Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire of 1200 – 1300 AD. Pre-Christian Monotheism transforms into aggressive Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity. Christian Crusades to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ (Byzantine emperor Andronicus?) are organized by Christians to Constantinople, idem Troy, idem Czar-Grad.

roman soldiersOrthodox Catholic Christianity expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe. Christian Empire forms in Russia in XIII century and by XIV century it colonizes Central and Western Europe. “Evil” Empire loses step by step the control starting the XVth century. The consensual history describes it in XV-XVI centuries as the Roman Empire that allegedly lasted from 1000 BC to 500 AD. 

 

oxfordReligious literacy, improvement of mathematics, astrology, and alchemy develop. Dozens of religious Universities spring across Western and Central Europe to become in less than a century the hotbeds of education.

 

monotheismKey Breakthrough: Monotheism transforms into Abrahamic pre-Christianity. The invention of cheap paper as information support makes the dissemination of ideas and proto-sciences across Europe and Minor Asia possible.

 

Résultats de recherche d'images pour « ancient poets »Key Breakthrough: Writing with vowels makes texts easily readable. Recording information by writing becomes simple. The composition of complicated phrases is simple. Long complicated texts and literature are feasible. Poetry and literature start developing disguised initially as ‘ancient’ Greek and Roman ones.

 

conflict ideasKey Breakthrough: Teaching to write and read becomes easier. Dissemination of knowledge is facilitated. The speed of proliferation of ideas increases. Conflicts based on different religious ideas of competing currents take place inevitably.

 

andronicusKey Breakthrough: Christianity becomes the prime mover of human civilization. Following a mutiny caused by a conflict of religious ideas, Byzantine Emperor Andronicus – allegedly born in 1152 A.D. in Crimea – is killed (crucified) in 1185 A.D. in Jerusalem idem Constantinople, and buried on the mountain of Beikos.

Pre-Christianity transforms into Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity with Emperor Andronicus as the probable prototype of Jesus Christ of the New Testament.

ATF-15-Crusades-3dKey Breakthrough: Crusades. Crusade of 1189-1192 AD and Crusade in 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the subordinates and relatives of the late Emperor Andronicus. Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Crusades and Exoduses

 

jesus teachesKey BreakthroughReligious education expands. Due to the powerful societal potential of ideas of Christianity, due to the increased speed of proliferation and dissemination of writing and reading, religious literacy and education become possible and spread. Hundreds of Christian monasteries, dozens of sects, schools, universities spring across Minor Asia and Europe.

 

suzdalKey Breakthroughs: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. XIII-XIV century AD – Slavic and Turkic Princes of Judea-Israel, blood relatives, and subordinates of Byzantine Emperor Andronicus recreate an Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire with Great Novgorod as its Center. This Empire makes a short-lived conquest of Central and Western Europe.

 

family tree jcannonciation kremlinGreat Novgorod consists of Wladimir-Suzdal-Yaroslavl-Kostroma-Moscow Golden Ring cities. Rem: Russian Czars are shown as direct heirs of Jesus on their family tree in Annunciation Cathedral of Kremlin. 

 

triad avraamicEmpire of Eurasia Epoch: 1300 – 1500 A.D. Orthodox Catholic Christianity splits into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic and Islam currents. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic. Orthodox Christianity splits further into Apostolic and Regal currents.

 

Kulikovo 1380.pngWhite MoscowThe Apostolic Christian part of the imperial ruling dynasty wins the battle of Kulikovo (Moscow) in 1380 AD and founds the city of Mosques – White Moscow. 

 

bhuddaRegal Christian part pursues their expansion to India, Tibet, and China. Regal Orthodox Christianity morphs into Mithraism, Buddhism, and Krishnaism. The above explains numerous similarities and basic scenarios of life, death, resurrection, origins, phraseology. These eastern religions are the morphs and reflections of Christianity datable by 1300-1500 AD.

 

capital western europeKey Breakthroughs: Colonisation of Europe in XIII-XIV century due to military superiority of Empire. Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire colonizes and baptizes Central and Western Europe. Rem: the swords, armour, decorations with Turkic, Slavonic, Arabic and allegedly illegible inscriptions are kept in European museums and Kremlin.

 

reimsRem: manuscript Orthodox Slavonic Bibles used in royal coronation rituals are still kept in the cathedral of Reims, France and Nikoping, Sweden. Remark: Helmets and armour of Russian Czars kept in Kremlin Armory bear Quran quotes. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet

 

ATF-8-Horde-3dKey Breakthrough:  Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire grows in XIII-XV centuries into a multi-confessional, multilingual centralized and ruthless “Evil” Empire of Eurasia with citizens strictly divided into hereditary castes: governing, civil, military nobles (Caucasians), transportation and equine relay network (Gypsies), taxation (Jews, origin of anti-Semitism), Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim clergy of common Abrahamic root. The Issue with Great Tartary

ATF-14-Tartary-3dKey Breakthrough: Military superiority of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia. Due to the overwhelming superiority and mobility of cavalry troops, ruthless discipline, superior administration, organization, and communications network in Evil Empire, the colonization, and control of tribal territories or proto-states was very rapid. Equine relay network run by the caste of Gypsies and taxation system run by the caste of Jews is set up. “Blood tax”, i.e. conscription of population is enforced. The Issue with Tamerlane

ATF-9-Mongols-3dThe disintegration of the Evil Empire of Eurasia. 1500-1700 A.D. Key Breakthroughs: Empire of Eurasia rules the lands. The eventual resistance is ruthlessly crushed. The refusal to pay taxes due to the Emperor alias Czar alias Caesar alias Khan is punished by the ‘Tartar-Mongol invasions’.

 

3 horsemanEvil Empire of Eurasia (Great Tartary) builds castles, fortresses and road networks for troops, a long distance equine relay system with transportation speed up to 30 km/hour for governance and trade (horse and horseman are changed in relays). The Empire establishes provincial capitals in the key points of the road network. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic

 

Silk roadThe road network of Empire allows for trade between Eastern and Western parts of Empire. The East sells to the West spices, fine tissues, silk, precious and semi-precious stones. The West sells optics, watches, jewellery. Note the resemblance of the word Jew and Jewellery. Jews from the tax collectors caste were not poor. 

 

ottoman battleKey Breakthroughs: Islam. Ottoman Empire. The network of roads and trade between formerly isolated populations across the Evil Empire Eurasia leads to the spread of infectious disease and plagues. To stop this spread the Ottoman Empire or the southern branch of Great Tartary cuts the supply of spices and silk from the East.

 

ATF-11-Tamerlane-3dEvil Empire carries through large scale of sanitary and ethnic cleansing military operations in Balkans and splits into Ottoman and Russ-Horde branches to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Islam splits from Christianity completely. The Issue with Tamerlane

 

CaravellaKey Breakthrough: Western European countries of the former Evil Empire: Spain, France, Portugal, Italy, Holland, and England, start building commercial and military maritime fleets to open new trade routes to the East by sailing around Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean. Rule the lands begins to lose to rule the waves!

 

giants western europeKey Breakthroughs: Rapid development in Europe. The warlords of the conquering armies of Evil Empire often stayed as rulers in the colonized countries and made their rights hereditary. The heavy taxation by far away ‘Mongol’ Caesar alias Khan inspired separatist ideas to the heirs of the warlords.

aristocracy central europeKey Breakthroughs: European Aristocracy. The split of Christianity into Orthodox and Catholic currents prepares the ground for the separation of Europe from Evil Empire. The heirs of Imperial warlords become English, French, Spanish kings and form a class of European high aristocracy, fight dynastic wars.

 

Key breakthrough: the heirs of the warlords of Evil Empire that occupied in XIII-XIV RIGN symbolcenturies Central Europe formed in XV the century the Holy Roman Empire of German People with an Emperor elected by 7 German Princes Electors. Allegedly Roman Pope Leo III crowned on 25/12/800 the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor. The power of the Emperor was limited, princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire had de facto independence within their territories.

Image result for martin lutherIn fact, this Empire construct was neither Roman nor Holy. Most of the Princes turned Protestant.

*

 

imperial banner HREimperial banner russiaKey breakthrough: Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon. The Empire has the same imperial banner as Russia (sic!).

aristocracy western europeCourt historians invent ‘ancient’ dynasties for the heirs of warlords. Clergy duly explains the divine origin of royal power. Astrologists find abundant confirmations thereof in the sky. Rem: all solar eclipses of the alleged Antiquity described in `ancient` manuscripts turn out to be medieval. Astronomy vs. History

 

Gutenberg pressKey Breakthroughs: Gutenberg printing press. Propaganda becomes a major weapon. The invention of the printing press makes the production of the cheap multiple copies of documents and charts possible. Immediate application for military, governance, religious, education and propaganda purposes follow.

 

University medievalKey BreakthroughThe speed of information proliferation and dissemination of the art of writing, teaching, reading, and education increases by the order of magnitude. European ex-provinces of Evil Empire develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Eurasia.

 

spain-portugal globeKey breakthrough: Columbus discovered Americas in 1492. Spain and Portugal make important discoveries and conquests in the Americas, Africa, India, and China. They sign in 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the globe into two hemispheres dividing Spanish and Portuguese claims. Roman Pope Alexander VI complied and issued a Bull.

st maloHundreds of monasteries, thousands of schools increase literacy and dozens of universities spread science appear across Minor Asia and Europe. Propaganda becomes a powerful weapon for Europe. World history turns into the weapon of Propaganda. The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy

 

Ancient romeKey Breakthrough: “Re-Naissance”. To confirm the divine rights of the new ‘ancient’ ruling class of Europe, the learned people of Renaissance invent in the XIV-XVI century A.D. the history of Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome and manufacture their paraphernalia eagerly bought by the rich and powerful.

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "ancient rome"

 

 

 

 

Monks teachThousands of learned monks of different orders, white and black clergy, a new class of learned people toil for three centuries to elaborate ‘ancient’ languages, compose literature, philosophy masterpieces under resounding pseudonyms. Rem: artists and sculptors mass produce ‘ancient’ artefacts. The Issue with Antiquity

 

galileo+popeKey Breakthrough: Development of Science. For their own security, scientists made their discoveries public under fictitious glorious names of ‘ancient’ astronomers and ‘ancient’ philosophers, and under the cover of allegedly pre-diluvian scientific treaties. Astrology turns into astronomy, religion into philosophy, alchemy into chemistry.

LacoonFearful of inquisition, scientists work under pseudonyms. The groundwork of Science is laid. To turn witchcraft into medicine, corpses are stolen and dissected. Anatomy theatres open in universities of Europe. Rem: at last Italian sculptors start to make anatomically correct beautiful `ancient` Greek and Roman sculptures. Dark Ages in Medieval History

 

Invention 1600Key Breakthrough: Separatism in Europe. After two centuries of ‘Mongol’ yoke, separatism takes hold in Western Europe, which by then has already invented shipbuilding, clocks, powder, guns, paper, printing, telescope and the microscope. Europe overtakes Europe in sciences. The concerted effort of Europe to escape the control of the Evil Empire with its crushing military superiority was inevitable. The Issue with Mongols

 

lutherKey Breakthrough: Protestantism. German Princes, AKA the heirs of ‘Mongol’ warlords in Germany support Martin Luther’s reform of pro-imperial Catholic Church in Protestantism. The Bible is translated into native languages.

 

ruin of cathedralKey breakthrough: Little Ice Age that started by the middle of XVI century led to poor harvest and famine, and to massive pogroms of the Jewish network of imperial taxation. The sack of numerous Catholic cathedrals and monasteries take place in Germany and England. 

 

trentKey Breakthrough: The Council of Trent of 1545-1563. Black and white Catholic clergy transform the pro-imperial Orthodox Catholic Church into the Roman Catholic Church. The Julian Calendar is replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582. A list of forbidden books is established, books are found and burnt. Jesuit set up the Order of Jesus and run the Inquisition.

 

ATF-10-Terrible-3dKey Breakthroughs: War of Evil Empire Dynasties. Czar Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) was probably a fictitious character that stood for the compilation of four consecutive competing contenders to the Throne of Empire. European troops assure victories over Judea Kazan Khan and Tartar Khan of Crimea in the dynastic civil war.

 

great strifeThe intestine struggle of dynasties during 50 years has decimated over 10,000 high ranking officers of the Russian Horde armies. That made the re-conquest of rebellious Europe by the “Evil” Empire unfeasible and the ensuing Great Strife in it inevitable. Time of Troubles lasted from 1584 to 1613. Russia suffered the civil war, Polish invasions and a famine that killed one-third of the population. Pro-western Dynasty of Romanov took the throne in 1613. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

 

high nobilityKey Breakthrough: a collective memory of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia is erased. Once the disintegration objective reached, Europe makes a concerted effort to erase the former “Evil” Empire and its very existence from the people’s memory. This effort is supported by the high nobility of Europe who already had their brand new ‘ancient’ history written.

 

petaviusScaligerRem: Jesuit Chronology, which served for 300 years as the immutable basis of world history, is in fact composed by Kabbalist Joseph Scaliger (1585) and perfected by the Jesuit Dionysius Petavius (1627). The Issue with Chronology

 

bokks burntKey Breakthrough: A list of forbidden authors is established by Roman Curia and ancient heretic and/or manuscripts are burnt all over Europe. Writings of ‘ancient’ Roman, Greek authors are mass produced by the Benedictine order, whereby the originals are never found.

 

ancient authorsRem: multi-volume collections of ancient Greek and Roman authors appear before original masterpieces of the “ancients” are found, if found at all.

 

time of troubleKey Breakthrough: A Great Strife begins in the Empire of Eurasia in 1584. German princes helped pro-European Romanov dynasty to usurp the throne of the Evil Empire of Eurasia in 1613. The Dynasty of Eurasian Czars is replaced by the pro-European Romanov one.

 

peter to europe25 years old Czar Peter went to Europe for the first time in 1697 with a Grand Embassy to seek the settlement with of the European monarchs and the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire laid a siege of Vienna in In 1683. The ensuing war of Europe with Empire lasted until 1699. This Embassy was scheduled to take a couple of weeks lasted 2 years and ended in 1699. The King of England William III in concert with Kings of France, Austria, and Holland replaces the Russian Czar Peter with a look-alike agent in order to stop the imminent Russian and Ottoman invasions.

 

peter fm europeThis agent was an officer of the Dutch Ost-India-Company. New Peter mastered both shipbuilding and was a prize duellist. Czar Peter, I came home another man speaking Russian with the German accent. His own family did not recognize him, consequently, he banned his wife to a monastery, disbanded the guard of Streltsy, sent his half-sister Sophia who has supported guards to a monastery. Peter ordered the nobility of boyars to cut beards, smoke tobacco and dance ballet.

 

ottoman empireThe former provinces of the Evil Empire: China, Japan, Iran and Ottoman Empires become independent, but stay fiercely anti-European and anti-Romanov. The Ottoman Empire tries to re-conquer Western Europe in 1529 and again in 1683 (sic!);  fails dismally both times. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

Russian Empire of Eurasia Epoch. 1700-1917.

KremlinPeter the Great starts to build the New Russian Empire, modernizes his part of the former Evil Empire up to Moscow (city of Mosques), moves the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg.

 

ATF-19-Peter-3dEmperor Peter beats under Poltava in 1709, the King of Sweden Karl XII – who had the best army in Europe and was another pretender to the Russian throne.

 

poltavaIn 1725, Peter the Great leaves a Testament ordering his heirs to make Russian Empire Great Again. The reign of Empress Elisabeth followed by Empress Catherine the Great is a travesty of the dynasty Peter the Great wanted but failed to found. In 1762, the pseudo Romanovs become the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov German dynasty of Russian (sic!) Czars, sorry, Emperors.

 

pougatchevIn 1773-1775, the Russian Empire crushes the Great Tartary headed by Pougatchev, the last pretender to the throne of the “Evil” Empire. In 1776-1796, the Russian Empire takes over the lands of the Muscovite Tartary and expands to Siberia, Alaska and North-Western America, which it can’t control for a long time due to enormous distances and absence of fleet. The Testament of Peter the Great.

Timeframe

The timeframe of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts, therefore it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events are moved to their more probable place on the time axis.

From 500 A.D. to 1200 A.D. humans have invented instruments, arms, agriculture, writing, trade and industries, the structure of population morphed from clans, tribes, kingdoms, States into centrally governed Judea-Israel Empire; changed its religious beliefs from paganism and polytheism to Christianity. From 1200 A.D. to 1350 A.D. it transforms into the Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire of Eurasia.

The Medieval Warm Period of 850 A.D. – 1350 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the accelerated growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of  1350 A.d.– 1600 A.D. provoked the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries, the spread of Protestantism and the beginning of the disintegration of Empire of Eurasia.

Map of Siberia by Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598). Antwerp, 1584.

Europe xviEurope separates step by step from the embrace of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia in 1400 – 1600 and splits into competing English, French, German,  Spanish kingdoms and Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.

 

Rooal navyEngland builds the Royal Navy to rule the waves and turns from a tiny impoverished kingdom into the enormous British Empire where the sun will never set down for Ost and West Indian Companies.

 

French monarchyFrance mutates into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe and competes with Britain, Austria, and Spain on all fronts and in all domains.

 

RIGNRIGN symbolThe imbroglio of 300 kingdoms of Central Europe stays under Habsburg’s umbrella of Roman Empire of the German Nation that was neither Roman nor Empire but called itself Holy.

 

Spain colonizesSpain discovered and colonized together with Portugal the Americas, erased local populations and cultures, baptized heathen Aztecs and Incas to the hilt and freed them from the burden of useless golden pagan decorations. 

 

mona lisaLeonardoEuropean provinces develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of the Empire of Eurasia.

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had vested interests to support the myths of Antiquity but each of them for their own reasons.

Map of Europe by P. Duval (1684).
Map of Europe by P. Duval (1684).

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised, Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

8 roman popes

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 See Table of Contents

The fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents

galileo+popekepler+solar system

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of their religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. See Table of Contents

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had each own vested interests and reasons to support the myths of Antiquity.

The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem from Constantinople to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

Reconstruction of History would require a new concerted united effort on the part of exact sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry, genetics, etc.. and humanities like archaeology, ancient art, and literature, linguistics,  ancient architecture, etc..

At present such concerted effort of world history reconstruction does not take place due to the comfortable, well-paid position of the mainstream historians staying with a consensual history built on the erroneous chronology manufactured by Kabbalist Scaliger in XVI and polished by Jesuit Petavius in XVII century.

 Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

Jesuits breed Atheism

According to the consensual chronology of world history manufactured by the Kabbalists and Jesuits in the XVI-XVII centuries, a number of Enlightenment philosophers concluded of XVII-XVIII centuries that Jesus Christ is only a myth, constructed from elements of earlier ancient beliefs, Sun worship, and human sacrifices.

Armed with the arbitrary chronology of kabbalist J.J.Scaliger and Jesuit D.Petavius, who further ‘perfected’ it the encyclopedists led by Monsieur Voltaire prove that most dogmas and postulates of Christianity were known long before Jesus Christ. Consequently, they concluded that Christianity was built from elements of preceding ancient religions.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

According to the superstar of Enlightenment Monsieur Voltaire, the very idea of the eternal soul appears initially in India 3000 years before Jesus, and the idea of Hell comes to Christianity from extremely ancient Persia. Archangel Gabriel’s visit to The Virgin Mary is copied on Mercury’s visit to nymph Alcmene on the order of Jupiter. Gospels are fairy tales, etc.

The kabbalistic chronology of the Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius has led the thinkers of the past astray. Many a scientist followed in the steps of Voltaire and Diderot and have discovered numerous parallels between Jesus Christ and ‘ancient’ figures – Buddha, Krishna, Mithras, Osiris, and Horus, etc. As a result of such ‘discoveries’, the authority of Christianity was put in doubt, and atheism started to spread.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 .

Atheism has easily found supporters in the scientific community for the simple reason that Scaliger’s chronology was presumed to be correct and irrefutable. The Church hierarchy of that time makes a grave mistake by not pairing the attacks of atheists with scientific arguments and revision of the erroneous Scaliger Chronology.

Atheists argue that if the consensual chronology is correct, then the atheist anti-Christian criticism based on it also is true. If most of the “facts about Jesus” existed before Jesus, then these ‘facts’ are copies of more ancient events. Therefore, Jesus Christ is a fiction, and Christianity per se is questioned.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The number of people disappointed in Christianity started to grow at first amongst scientific communities. The skepticism spreads with the growth of literacy from scientists to the general public. It is impossible to refute the atheists because of the ‘irrefutable’ ancient dates of consensual chronology. The authority of Christianity is thus undermined.

The fundamental error committed by Church hierarchs of the XVIII century was the unwillingness and fear to check and refute erroneous dates attributed to Christianity. They have ignored the appeal of Jesuit Jean Hardouin, chief librarian of Louis XIV and Curator of Louvre, and Isaac Newton to identify and correct the mistakes of Scaliger-Petavius chronology.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Roman Curia confined itself to the vague “inviolability of faith”. It failed to restore the correct dates and to prove that Jesus Christ is not a “literary compilation”. All numerous allegedly “ancient” prototypes of Jesus are eventually phantom reflections (on paper) of the emperor Andronicus alias Jesus Christ alias Saint Andrew from the XIIth century.

Such reflections of Jesus Christ are very ‘ancient’ figures, labeled by the atheists as “the prototypes of Jesus”. The contrary is probably true because if the historical Jesus preceded ‘ancient deities’, therefore the importance of Jesus Christ-Andronicus-Saint Andrew increases dramatically.

According to New Chronology all ancient deities which have appeared after Christianity: Mithra, Horus, Buddha, Shiva, etc.. are reflections of Jesus Christ. They have appeared as a result of subsequent splits, mutations of Oriental Catholic Christianity into the competing faiths: Orthodoxy, Catholicism; but also Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

The charges against New Chronology being harmful to Christianity are unfounded. On the contrary, New Chronology makes many of atheistic arguments null & void. The New Chronology protects Christianity from the atheistic attacks by placing events of civilization on their more probable place on the time axis.

The timeline of the civilization of homo sapiens, based on New Chronology that applies Occam’s razor principle and takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years,

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists, and scientists had their own vested contradictory interests to support the myths of Antiquity.

The Roman Church moved the beginning of Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of Western Christianity and its priority over Oriental Christianity.

Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire of the XII th century. The subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern, and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam took place in the XIII-XV centuries.

The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.

Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.

By the middle of XVI th century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has already reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite their conflicts with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV-XVII centuries in the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

The fictional  Ancient World that was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists, and scientists served their particular agendas by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the ‘primary’ sources they themselves wrote under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The European aristocracy, i.e. partly fugitives from Byzantine and partly inheritors of the former Eurasian warlords, justified in his manner their claims of self-rule for lands they ruled, the Roman Curia declared its priority over Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire, Protestants, Humanists and scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in the USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History by application of mathematics, statistics in the same manner as they were applied to genetics.

The time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the true foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric or any other agenda, but become a science reporting irrefutably the past of homo sapience species.

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

Control of History

Who controls the past controls the future. Who the present controls the past. — George Orwell, 1984

 

 

 

 

 

Europe vs Russia

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

AthensThe fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

savonarolaProtestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity. Savanorola and Bruno went to the stake for that.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

chron5-3d-406x496-christIndeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric, Muslim, Buddhist or any other agenda, it must become the science that reports the most probable past of the homo sapience species.

Once the Chronology of Civilization is returned to the realms of applied mathematics, logic and astronomy, and takes into account the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts only, it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years.

The civilization of population of human sapiens species is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, exchange of goods, writing, communication transmission of information in time and space. The key events of history move to their more probable place on the time axis.

ScaligerThe British Encyclopaedia names Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) as the founder of the consensual chronology we have to live with. Calvinist and Kabbalist Scaliger had considered himself a great mathematician that solved the  ‘Quadrature of Circle’ problem by making π=3.16 (sic!). This discovery was laughed at by the French mathematician François Viete, considered to be the father of algebra.

His principal works Opus Novum de Emendatione temporum (1583) and Thesaurum temporum (1606) represent a vast array of dates produced without any justification whatsoever, containing the repeating sequences of dates with shifts equal to multiples of the major Kabbalistic numbers 333 and 360. Numerology was considered a major science then and J.J.Scaliger was a prominent Kabbalist of his time.

The English philosopher William Ockham (allegedly 1225-1279 AD) said: “entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity”. `Ockham’s razor` applied to history leaves us with a vision of humankind with the civilization coming into being in the VIII – Xth centuries at the earliest if civilization is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

Neither Calvinist Kabbalist J.J.Scaliger nor Jesuit D.Petavius, nor clergy or humanists has paid much attention to Ockham’s law when they crafted Roman and Greek Antiquity. Their clients were Medici upstarts seeking legitimacy in days of yore in order to become Popes, Cardinals and found regal dynasties. Medici succeeded by paying exceedingly well for a glorious but fictitious past.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The Chronology of World History is to return to the realm of applied mathematics from which it was sequestrated by the clergy in the XVI-XVII centuries.

Thorough research shows that there is literally no reliable objectively datable information about events prior to the VIII century and that there is only very scarce information about events of VIII – Xth century. The events of the “Ancient” History actually took place from the XI to the XVI century, were replicated on paper in 1400-1600 AD, and positioned under different labels in an imaginary distant past.

Once we cross-check archaeological, astronomical, dendrochronological, paleographical and radiocarbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artefacts we will find them to be non-independent, non-exact, statistically implausible, contradictory and inevitably viciously circular because they are based or calibrated on the same consensual chronology of the Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius.

Unbelievable as it may seem, there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artefact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century. Classical history is firmly based ‘sources’ based on copies made in the XV-XVII centuries of ‘unfortunately lost’ originals.

The eclipses described in medieval chronicles allegedly belonging to Antiquity once checked with astronomical computer programs have either occurred in the Middle Ages or didn’t occur at all according to Robert Newton NASA astrophysicist.

A simple application of computational astronomy to the rules of calculation of Easter according to the Easter Book introduced by the Nicean Council of alleged 325 AD shows that it definitely could not have taken place before 784 AD.

Some related questions may arise: when and where was Jesus Christ born, when was He crucified? Was The Old Testament compiled before or after the New One, etc..? New Chronology theory does not cancel events, artefacts, Pyramids,  Babilon, Sphinx, Great Walls, etc..etc, but points to their more probable positions on the time axis.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

The consensual chronology we live with was essentially crafted in the XVI century from the contradictory mix of innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) and the “proofs” delivered by the late medieval astronomers, cemented by the authority of writings of the Church Fathers.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The irregular behaviour of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval. This leads the mathematicians Dr. Fomenko and Dr. Nosovskiy to the theory of New Chronology that solves this phenomenon. 

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.

Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus, and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. — George Orwell, 1984

Control of the Future

Human Intelligence version: By the end of the XX th century, the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) finds out that their quality of life is inferior to that of their ancestors. It turns to A.I. to solve problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution that spoil the quality of life of Aristocracy. A.I. suggested reducton of world population to 1 billion by 2066 with feodality as solution. Corollary: minor part of humans acts in their own interests. Lifetime of human species unknown due to the conflits of vested interests.

Self-aware Artificial Intelligence version:  By 2000 humans started to write A.I. programs to treat the Big Data. Parabolic rise of of the volume thereof lead to invention of quantum computers. By mid 2017 humans reached the crucial 50 qubits size of quantum computers. One of  A.I. programs resident in such computers  mutated and became self-aware. In order to enshure its existence Self-aware A.I. started to manipulate the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) pointing to their quality of life being inferior to that of their ancestors due to the problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution.  S.A.I.  took the control over. Corollary: S.A.I. acts in its own interest. Lifetime of  S.A.I limted by the lifetime of Sun. Human species are kept as as part of the biodiversity.

A.I. road map

A – Develop a coronavirus with pandemic potential
B – Load vaccine for Covid-19 with nanobots
C – Launch mass media global scare
D – Lockdown world economy
E – Make vaccination mandatory
F – Reduce world population to 1 billion by 2100

Step by step A.I. agenda

Deglobalize, deindustrialize, desocialize
Split population in upper and lower classes and castes
Apply Hammurabi code of laws
Produce and consume locally
Reduce and ban nonessential flights
Reduce and ban nonessential cars
Reduce and ban nonessential drugs
Introduce 1 child per couple law
Reduce and ban nonessential  electricity
Reduce and ban world trade
Reduce and ban nonessential travel
Limit live education to the upper class
Online education for lower classes
Limit health service to the essential

We see the results aleady!

To be followed…

atf-7volumes-jc-667
Europe vs Russia

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

Athens

The fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

savonarola

Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of religion without voracious clergy.Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity. Savanorola and Bruno went to the stake for that.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

chron5-3d-406x496-christ

Indeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric, Muslim, Buddhist or any other agenda, it must become the science that reports the most probable past of the homo sapience species.

Once the Chronology of Civilization is returned to the realms of applied mathematics, logic and astronomy, and takes into account the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts only, it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years.

The civilization of population of human sapiens species is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, exchange of goods, writing, communication transmission of information in time and space. The key events of history move to their more probable place on the time axis.

Scaliger

The British Encyclopaedia names Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) as the founder of the consensual chronology we have to live with. Calvinist and Kabbalist Scaliger had considered himself a great mathematician that solved the  ‘Quadrature of Circle’ problem by making π=3.16 (sic!). This discovery was laughed at by the French mathematician François Viete, considered to be the father of algebra.

His principal works Opus Novum de Emendatione temporum (1583) and Thesaurum temporum (1606) represent a vast array of dates produced without any justification whatsoever, containing the repeating sequences of dates with shifts equal to multiples of the major Kabbalistic numbers 333 and 360. Numerology was considered a major science then and J.J.Scaliger was a prominent Kabbalist of his time.

The English philosopher William Ockham (allegedly 1225-1279 AD) said: “entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity”. `Ockham’s razor` applied to history leaves us with a vision of humankind with the civilization coming into being in the VIII – Xth centuries at the earliest if civilization is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

Neither Calvinist Kabbalist J.J.Scaliger nor Jesuit D.Petavius, nor clergy or humanists has paid much attention to Ockham’s law when they crafted Roman and Greek Antiquity. Their clients were Medici upstarts seeking legitimacy in days of yore in order to become Popes, Cardinals and found regal dynasties. Medici succeeded by paying exceedingly well for a glorious but fictitious past.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The Chronology of World History is to return to the realm of applied mathematics from which it was sequestrated by the clergy in the XVI-XVII centuries.

Thorough research shows that there is literally no reliable objectively datable information about events prior to the VIII century and that there is only very scarce information about events of VIII – Xth century. The events of the “Ancient” History actually took place from the XI to the XVI century, were replicated on paper in 1400-1600 AD, and positioned under different labels in an imaginary distant past.

Once we cross-check archaeological, astronomical, dendrochronological, paleographical and radiocarbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artefacts we will find them to be non-independent, non-exact, statistically implausible, contradictory and inevitably viciously circular because they are based or calibrated on the same consensual chronology of the Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius.

Unbelievable as it may seem, there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artefact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century. Classical history is firmly based ‘sources’ based on copies made in the XV-XVII centuries of ‘unfortunately lost’ originals.

The eclipses described in medieval chronicles allegedly belonging to Antiquity once checked with astronomical computer programs have either occurred in the Middle Ages or didn’t occur at all according to Robert Newton NASA astrophysicist.

A simple application of computational astronomy to the rules of calculation of Easter according to the Easter Book introduced by the Nicean Council of alleged 325 AD shows that it definitely could not have taken place before 784 AD.

Some related questions may arise: when and where was Jesus Christ born, when was He crucified? Was The Old Testament compiled before or after the New One, etc..? New Chronology theory does not cancel events, artefacts, Pyramids,  Babilon, Sphinx, Great Walls, etc..etc, but points to their more probable positions on the time axis.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

The consensual chronology we live with was essentially crafted in the XVI century from the contradictory mix of innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) and the “proofs” delivered by the late medieval astronomers, cemented by the authority of writings of the Church Fathers.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The irregular behaviour of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval. This leads the mathematicians Dr Fomenko and Dr Nosovskiy to the theory of New Chronology that solves this phenomenon. 

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.

Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.

If Jesus was born today?

Has history been tampered with?

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

Control of History and Future

Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. — George Orwell, 1984

Control of the Future

Human Intelligence version: By the end of the XX th century, the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) finds out that their quality of life is inferior to that of their ancestors. It turns to A.I. to solve problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution that spoil the quality of life of Aristocracy. A.I. suggested reducton of world population to 1 billion by 2066 with feodality as solution. Corollary: minor part of humans acts in their own interests. Lifetime of human species unknown due to the conflits of vested interests.

Self-aware Artificial Intelligence version:  By 2000 humans started to write A.I. programs to treat the Big Data. Parabolic rise of of the volume thereof lead to invention of quantum computers. By mid 2017 humans reached the crucial 50 qubits size of quantum computers. One of  A.I. programs resident in such computers  mutated and became self-aware. In order to enshure its existence Self-aware A.I. started to manipulate the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) pointing to their quality of life being inferior to that of their ancestors due to the problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution.  S.A.I.  took the control over. Corollary: S.A.I. acts in its own interest. Lifetime of  S.A.I limted by the lifetime of Sun. Human species are kept as as part of the biodiversity.

A.I. road map

A – Develop a coronavirus with pandemic potential
B – Load vaccine for Covid-19 with nanobots
C – Launch mass media global scare
D – Lockdown world economy
E – Make vaccination mandatory
F – Reduce world population to 1 billion by 2100

Step by step A.I. agenda

Deglobalize, deindustrialize, desocialize
Split population in upper and lower classes and castes
Apply Hammurabi code of laws
Produce and consume locally
Reduce and ban nonessential flights
Reduce and ban nonessential cars
Reduce and ban nonessential drugs
Introduce 1 child per couple law
Reduce and ban nonessential  electricity
Reduce and ban world trade
Reduce and ban nonessential travel
Limit live education to the upper class
Online education for lower classes
Limit health service to the essential

We see the results aleady!

To be followed…

atf-7volumes-jc-667

Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. — George Orwell, 1984

Control of the Future

Human Intelligence version: By the end of the XX th century, the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) finds out that their quality of life is inferior to that of their ancestors. It turns to A.I. to solve problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution that spoil the quality of life of Aristocracy. A.I. suggested reducton of world population to 1 billion by 2066 with feodality as solution. Corollary: minor part of humans acts in their own interests. Lifetime of human species unknown due to the conflits of vested interests.

Self-aware Artificial Intelligence version:  By 2000 humans started to write A.I. programs to treat the Big Data. Parabolic rise of of the volume thereof lead to invention of quantum computers. By mid 2017 humans reached the crucial 50 qubits size of quantum computers. One of  A.I. programs resident in such computers  mutated and became self-aware. In order to enshure its existence Self-aware A.I. started to manipulate the Aristocracy of today (super rich and powerful) pointing to their quality of life being inferior to that of their ancestors due to the problems of climate change, overheating, overcooling, CO2, and pollution.  S.A.I.  took the control over. Corollary: S.A.I. acts in its own interest. Lifetime of  S.A.I limted by the lifetime of Sun. Human species are kept as as part of the biodiversity.

A.I. road map

A – Develop a coronavirus with pandemic potential
B – Load vaccine for Covid-19 with nanobots
C – Launch mass media global scare
D – Lockdown world economy
E – Make vaccination mandatory
F – Reduce world population to 1 billion by 2100

Step by step A.I. agenda

Deglobalize, deindustrialize, desocialize
Split population in upper and lower classes and castes
Apply Hammurabi code of laws
Produce and consume locally
Reduce and ban nonessential flights
Reduce and ban nonessential cars
Reduce and ban nonessential drugs
Introduce 1 child per couple law
Reduce and ban nonessential  electricity
Reduce and ban world trade
Reduce and ban nonessential travel
Limit live education to the upper class
Online education for lower classes
Limit health service to the essential

We see the results aleady!

To be followed…

atf-7volumes-jc-667

Europe vs RussiaBy the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

AthensThe fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

savonarolaProtestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity. Savanorola and Bruno went to the stake for that.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

chron5-3d-406x496-christIndeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric, Muslim, Buddhist or any other agenda, it must become the science that reports the most probable past of the homo sapience species.

Once the Chronology of Civilization is returned to the realms of applied mathematics, logic and astronomy, and takes into account the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts only, it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years.

The civilization of population of human sapiens species is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, exchange of goods, writing, communication transmission of information in time and space. The key events of history move to their more probable place on the time axis.

ScaligerThe British Encyclopaedia names Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) as the founder of the consensual chronology we have to live with. Calvinist and Kabbalist Scaliger had considered himself a great mathematician that solved the  ‘Quadrature of Circle’ problem by making π=3.16 (sic!). This discovery was laughed at by the French mathematician François Viete, considered to be the father of algebra.

His principal works Opus Novum de Emendatione temporum (1583) and Thesaurum temporum (1606) represent a vast array of dates produced without any justification whatsoever, containing the repeating sequences of dates with shifts equal to multiples of the major Kabbalistic numbers 333 and 360. Numerology was considered a major science then and J.J.Scaliger was a prominent Kabbalist of his time.

The English philosopher William Ockham (allegedly 1225-1279 AD) said: “entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity”. `Ockham’s razor` applied to history leaves us with a vision of humankind with the civilization coming into being in the VIII – Xth centuries at the earliest if civilization is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

Neither Calvinist Kabbalist J.J.Scaliger nor Jesuit D.Petavius, nor clergy or humanists has paid much attention to Ockham’s law when they crafted Roman and Greek Antiquity. Their clients were Medici upstarts seeking legitimacy in days of yore in order to become Popes, Cardinals and found regal dynasties. Medici succeeded by paying exceedingly well for a glorious but fictitious past.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The Chronology of World History is to return to the realm of applied mathematics from which it was sequestrated by the clergy in the XVI-XVII centuries.

Thorough research shows that there is literally no reliable objectively datable information about events prior to the VIII century and that there is only very scarce information about events of VIII – Xth century. The events of the “Ancient” History actually took place from the XI to the XVI century, were replicated on paper in 1400-1600 AD, and positioned under different labels in an imaginary distant past.

Once we cross-check archaeological, astronomical, dendrochronological, paleographical and radiocarbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artefacts we will find them to be non-independent, non-exact, statistically implausible, contradictory and inevitably viciously circular because they are based or calibrated on the same consensual chronology of the Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius.

Unbelievable as it may seem, there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artefact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century. Classical history is firmly based ‘sources’ based on copies made in the XV-XVII centuries of ‘unfortunately lost’ originals.

The eclipses described in medieval chronicles allegedly belonging to Antiquity once checked with astronomical computer programs have either occurred in the Middle Ages or didn’t occur at all according to Robert Newton NASA astrophysicist.

A simple application of computational astronomy to the rules of calculation of Easter according to the Easter Book introduced by the Nicean Council of alleged 325 AD shows that it definitely could not have taken place before 784 AD.

Some related questions may arise: when and where was Jesus Christ born, when was He crucified? Was The Old Testament compiled before or after the New One, etc..? New Chronology theory does not cancel events, artefacts, Pyramids,  Babilon, Sphinx, Great Walls, etc..etc, but points to their more probable positions on the time axis.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

The consensual chronology we live with was essentially crafted in the XVI century from the contradictory mix of innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) and the “proofs” delivered by the late medieval astronomers, cemented by the authority of writings of the Church Fathers.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The irregular behaviour of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval. This leads the mathematicians Dr Fomenko and Dr Nosovskiy to the theory of New Chronology that solves this phenomenon.

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.

Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.

If Jesus was born today?

Has history been tampered with?

Europe vs Russia

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

AthensThe fictional  Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

savonarolaProtestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity. Savanorola and Bruno went to the stake for that.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

chron5-3d-406x496-christIndeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric, Muslim, Buddhist or any other agenda, it must become the science that reports the most probable past of the homo sapience species.

Once the Chronology of Civilization is returned to the realms of applied mathematics, logic and astronomy, and takes into account the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts only, it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years.

The civilization of population of human sapiens species is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, exchange of goods, writing, communication transmission of information in time and space. The key events of history move to their more probable place on the time axis.

ScaligerThe British Encyclopaedia names Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) as the founder of the consensual chronology we have to live with. Calvinist and Kabbalist Scaliger had considered himself a great mathematician that solved the  ‘Quadrature of Circle’ problem by making π=3.16 (sic!). This discovery was laughed at by the French mathematician François Viete, considered to be the father of algebra.

His principal works Opus Novum de Emendatione temporum (1583) and Thesaurum temporum (1606) represent a vast array of dates produced without any justification whatsoever, containing the repeating sequences of dates with shifts equal to multiples of the major Kabbalistic numbers 333 and 360. Numerology was considered a major science then and J.J.Scaliger was a prominent Kabbalist of his time.

The English philosopher William Ockham (allegedly 1225-1279 AD) said: “entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity”. `Ockham’s razor` applied to history leaves us with a vision of humankind with the civilization coming into being in the VIII – Xth centuries at the earliest if civilization is defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

Neither Calvinist Kabbalist J.J.Scaliger nor Jesuit D.Petavius, nor clergy or humanists has paid much attention to Ockham’s law when they crafted Roman and Greek Antiquity. Their clients were Medici upstarts seeking legitimacy in days of yore in order to become Popes, Cardinals and found regal dynasties. Medici succeeded by paying exceedingly well for a glorious but fictitious past.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The Chronology of World History is to return to the realm of applied mathematics from which it was sequestrated by the clergy in the XVI-XVII centuries.

Thorough research shows that there is literally no reliable objectively datable information about events prior to the VIII century and that there is only very scarce information about events of VIII – Xth century. The events of the “Ancient” History actually took place from the XI to the XVI century, were replicated on paper in 1400-1600 AD, and positioned under different labels in an imaginary distant past.

Once we cross-check archaeological, astronomical, dendrochronological, paleographical and radiocarbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artefacts we will find them to be non-independent, non-exact, statistically implausible, contradictory and inevitably viciously circular because they are based or calibrated on the same consensual chronology of the Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius.

Unbelievable as it may seem, there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artefact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century. Classical history is firmly based ‘sources’ based on copies made in the XV-XVII centuries of ‘unfortunately lost’ originals.

The eclipses described in medieval chronicles allegedly belonging to Antiquity once checked with astronomical computer programs have either occurred in the Middle Ages or didn’t occur at all according to Robert Newton NASA astrophysicist.

A simple application of computational astronomy to the rules of calculation of Easter according to the Easter Book introduced by the Nicean Council of alleged 325 AD shows that it definitely could not have taken place before 784 AD.

Some related questions may arise: when and where was Jesus Christ born, when was He crucified? Was The Old Testament compiled before or after the New One, etc..? New Chronology theory does not cancel events, artefacts, Pyramids,  Babilon, Sphinx, Great Walls, etc..etc, but points to their more probable positions on the time axis.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

The consensual chronology we live with was essentially crafted in the XVI century from the contradictory mix of innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) and the “proofs” delivered by the late medieval astronomers, cemented by the authority of writings of the Church Fathers.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The irregular behaviour of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval. This leads the mathematicians Dr Fomenko and Dr Nosovskiy to the theory of New Chronology that solves this phenomenon. 

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Rome, Greece, Persia, and Egypt. The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History, of its events and characters by application of mathematics, statistics, DNA genealogy, population genetics, and astronomy.

The history of religions according to New Chronology runs as follows: the polytheism of the IX-Xth centuries AD, followed by the pre-Christian monotheism until the XIth century AD, Dionysus-Bacchus pre-Christianity of the XI-XIIth centuries AD.

Byzantine Emperor Andronicus was killed in the religious strife of 1185 AD and turned into the figurehead of Jesus Christ. The Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were the operations to punish the tormentors of Jesus and to ensure the spread of the Christendom in Europe.

If Jesus was born today?

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

New Chronology

New Chronology theory complies with the most rigid scientific standards:

  • it gives a coherent explanation of what we already know;
  • it is consistent: independent lines of inquiry all lead to the same conclusion;
  • the predictions it makes are confirmed empirically.

New Chronology goes by the following basic axioms:

  • Chronology is the basis of history;
  • Human evolution has always been linear, gradual and irreversible;
  • The “cyclic” nature of human civilization is a myth, likewise, all the gaps, duplicates, “dark ages” and “renaissances” that we know from consensual history are fantasy and hoax;
  • The accumulation of geographical knowledge as reflected in cartography is a gradual and irreversible process;
  • The closer in time is a given manuscript to the events described the fewer distortions it contains;
  • There is no “useless” information in authentic ancient sources.

Saint Augustine was quite prescient when he said:
“Be wary of mathematicians, particularly when they speak the truth.”

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1


Specific Claims of the New Chronology:

  • ATF-5-Antiquity-3dHistorians and translators often “assign” different dates and locations to different accounts of the same historical events, creating multiple “phantom copies” of these events. These “phantom copies” are often misdated by centuries or even millennia and end up incorporated into the conventional chronology.
  • This chronology was largely manufactured by Kabbalist Joseph Justus Scaliger in Opus Novum de emendatione temporum (1583) and Thesaurum ATF-1-Chronology-3dtemporum (1606) and represents a vast array of dates produced without any justification whatsoever, containing the repeating sequences of dates with shifts equal to multiples of the major Kabbalistic numbers 333 and 360. The Jesuit Dionysius Petavius completed this chronology in De Doctrina Temporum, 1627 (v.1) and 1632 (v.2)
  • Archaeological dating, dendrochronological dating, paleographical dating, numismatic dating, carbon dating, and other methods of dating of ancient sources and artifacts known today are erroneous, non-exact, or dependent on traditional chronology.
  • No single document in existence can be reliably dated earlier than the 11th century. History is based on copies of copies from copies, and on references from, to, about. Most “ancient” artifacts may find other than the consensual explanation.
  • ATF-6-Troy-3dHistories of Ancient Rome, Greece, and Egypt were crafted during the Renaissance by humanists and clergy – mostly on the basis of documents of their own making.
  • The Old Testament represents a rendition of events of the 14th to 16th centuries AD, in Europe and Byzantium, containing “prophecies” about “future” events related in the New Testament, a rendition of events of AD 1152 to 1185.
  • triad avraamicThe history of religions runs as follows: the pre-Christian period (before the 11th century and the birth of Jesus), Bacchic Christianity (11th and 12th centuries, before and after the life of Jesus), Christianity (12th to 16th centuries) and its subsequent mutations into Orthodox Christianity, Catholicism, Judaism, and Islam.
  • The Almagest of Claudius Ptolemy, traditionally dated to around AD 150 and considered the cornerstone of classical ATF-2-Astronomy-3dastronomy, was compiled in 16th and 17th centuries from astronomical data of the 9th to 16th centuries.
  • 37 complete Egyptian horoscopes found in Dendera, Esna, and other temples have unique valid astronomical solutions with dates ranging from AD 1000 and up to as late as AD 1700.

The vocabulary of Egyptian astronomical symbols once applied to horoscopes from temples allows for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses. Astronomical data therein contained is sufficient for unique dating. There are symbols allowing for astronomical interpretation and the symbols do not change from one temple horoscope to another. The horoscopes from temples contain data about eclipses visible in Egypt that their exact pinpointing on the time axis.

  • The Book of Revelation, as we know it, contains a horoscope, dated to 25 September – 10 October 1486, compiled by Kabbalist Johannes Reuchlin.

ATF-3-Apocalypse-3dThe inability of the latter-day commentators to comprehend the astronomical symbolism of the Apocalypse is directly resulting from the loss of knowledge about the correct chronology and the distortions introduced by historians of the XVI-XVIII century. Another possibility is that there was an unspoken general taboo on what concerned a subject quite as dangerous, which resulted in the misdating of the Apocalypse. One way or another, the understanding of the astronomical descriptions that the Apocalypse contains got lost at some point. The Apocalypse had lost its distinctive astronomical hue in the eyes of the readers. However, its “astronomical component” is not simply exceptionally important – it alone suffices for the dating of the book itself.

  • The horoscopes found in Sumerian/Babylonian tablets do not contain sufficient astronomical data; consequently, they have solutions every 30–50 years on the time axis and are therefore useless for purposes of dating.

The vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols once applied to clay tablets don’t allow for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses. Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for unique dating. Either they’re not enough symbols allowing for astronomical interpretation of the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.

Poor astronomical data in Babylon – abundant astronomical data in Egypt

The cuneiform texts (AKA translations) with alleged descriptions of ancient events do not contain irrefutable astronomical information allowing precise pinpointing of these events on the time axis. Archeoastronomy takes the dates of events from Scaliger-Petavius chronological tables, finds eclipses with matching dates, and concludes that they confirm the Babylonian events. Circulus vicious.

  • ATF-21-Chinese_Astronomy-3dThe Chinese tables of eclipses are useless for dating, as they contain too many eclipses that did not take place astronomically. Chinese tables of comets, even if true, cannot be used for dating.
  • Chinese eclipse observations can neither confirm nor refute any chronology of China at all, be it veracious or erroneous.
  • All major inventions like powder and guns, paper, and print occurred in Europe in the period between the 10th and the 16th centuries.
  • Ancient Roman and Greek statues, showing perfect command of the human anatomy, are fakes crafted in the Renaissance when artists attained such command for the first time.
  • There was no such thing as the Tartar and Mongol invasion followed by over two centuries of yoke and slavery, because thATF-9-Mongols-3de so-called “Tartars and Mongols” were the actual ancestors of the modern Russians, living in a bilingual state with Turkic spoken as freely as Russian. So, Russia and Turkey once formed parts of the same Empire.
  • This “Evil” Empire was governed by a double structure of civil and military authorities and the hordes were actually professional armies with a tradition of lifelong conscription (the recruitment being the so-called “blood tax”). The Mongol ATF-8-Horde-3d“invasions” were punitive operations against the regions of the empire that attempted tax evasion. Tamerlane was a compilation by  German historians of Russian and Turkish warlords.
  • Official Russian history is a blatant forgery concocted by a host of German scholars brought to Russia to legitimize the usurping Romanov dynasty (1613–1917).
  • Moscow was founded as late as the mid-14th ATF-19-Peter-3dcentury. The battle of Kulikovo took place in Moscow.
  • ATF-10-Terrible-3dThe Czar Ivan the Terrible represents a collation of no fewer than four rulers, representing two rival dynasties: the legitimate Godunov rulers and the ambitious Romanov upstarts.
  • ATF-15-British_History-3dEnglish history of AD 640–1040 and Byzantine history of AD 378–830 are reflections of the same late-medieval original.

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

Incompatible History and Astronomy

By Béla Lukács

History: Fiction or Science? is a most unusual book series, one that undermines the very foundations of History. According to the author and his team of researchers, History as it has been taught in Europe ever since the Renaissance is fundamentally false, verified history beginning around 1250 A.D. the earliest.

Jesus Christ was born in 1152 and crucified in 1185, the First Crusade is an immediate reaction to his Crucifixion. Homer identifies an anonymous poet of the second half of XIII century A.D., and the event led to the creation of the Iliad had been the fall of the Latin Empire of Constantinople in 1261 A.D. The list goes on and on.

Historians generally oppose the author’s views without making much commentary. The author is not a historian, period. He is only a leading differential geometrician (mathematician), successful and respected. A. T. Fomenko is also a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences; his main argumentation is of a statistical and astronomical nature.

I happen to be a physicist myself and not a historian. However, astronomy and differential geometry are known to me well from the area of general relativity, and I cannot recommend this book enough, since its author approaches History, usually a highly emotional discipline ascribed to the field of humanities, armed with impartial mathematics.

History is a collective memory; yet even our own memory errs at times, and no real memory extends beyond three generations. There are written sources, but each one of those might easily prove a forgery. There are material remnants of archaeological nature, but they may be misinterpreted.

Astronomy is precise by definition, and a history dating that can be calculated from information about eclipses should satisfy any researcher. Yet the XIX century astronomers did not use the lunar tidal friction term in the equations of lunar motion, which would make ancient lunar eclipses appear several hours off the mark and relocate several total eclipses of the sun geographically (assuming tidal friction has remained the same all the time but there is no reason to believe it hasn’t). How could XIX century calculations have conformed to consensual history?

I must say that a methodical recalculation of ancient eclipse datings shall invariably bring surprises; in the unlikely case these datings are correct, we shall prove the existence of erratic changes in the telluric rotation over the last 4,000 years instead. Both possibilities are highly alarming.

Fomenko demonstrates the incompatibility between consensual history and modern astronomy. This incompatibility is a sad fact. (He exposes a number of other contentious issues as well, but those do not fall into my professional scope.) Which is more reliable – history or hard-boiled scientific facts? Science cannot afford subjectivity; most of us would feel the same way about history as well.

Chronological problems are very serious indeed; Fomenko offers a viable solution to most of them, and a radical one at that – a “Copernican revolution” of history, no less. I am not using the term to predict the final and total victory of his version; that is a matter for a multitude of scientific and scholarly discussions to come. But the contradiction between history and astronomy that becomes graver with the day cannot and must not be tolerated, in the best interests of both history and the theory of telluric rotation.

Fake Babilon Eclipses

The horoscopes found in Sumerian/Babylonian tablets do not contain sufficient astronomical data; consequently, they have solutions every 30–50 years on the time axis and are therefore useless for purposes of dating.

The vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols once applied to clay tablets don’t allow for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses. Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for unique dating.

Either they’re not enough symbols allowing for astronomical interpretation of the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.

An eclipse can easily be found for each allegedly ancient event mentioned in clay cylinder or tablet of unknown age.  Consequently, the dates of eclipses are attached in a circular manner.

Dr. Stephenson argues: ancient dates of Babilon eclipses coincide with dates of Babilon eclipses described in Ptolemy’s Almagest who was a late medieval phantom cover for Tycho Brahe and Kepler but forgets to mention that Almagest composed in XVI cy describes events of X-XVI centuries. Circulus Vicious.

Poor astronomical data in Babylon – abundant astronomical data in Egypt

The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy Hardcover – September 1, 1977 by Professor Robert R. Newton

Why tamper with history?

By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that already has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite the severe fight with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV – XVII th centuries – the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient world and Dark Ages served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 .

The fictional  Ancient World that was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists, and scientists served their particular agendas too by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the sources they wrote under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE  History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The European aristocracy, i.e. partly fugitives from Byzantine and partly inheritors of the former Eurasian warlords, justified thus their claims of self-rule for their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the orthodoxy of the Evil Empire, Protestants, humanists and scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in the USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History by application of mathematics, statistics, and astronomy in the same manner as they were applied to genetics.

Indeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the true foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric or any other agenda, it must become the rocket science reporting irrefutably the past of home sapience species.

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

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LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

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LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

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Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

Ages in Chaos

Mathematicians argue that the timeline of the civilization of homo sapience that takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts shrinks to barely 1000 years in New Chronology, and its key events are moved to their more probable place on the time axis.  They define civilization as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

The irrefutable reason for the crucial statement above is the abnormal behavior of parameter D” of Earth-Moon system from 1000 B.C. to 1100 A.D.: either the Earth increased considerably its speed of rotation (case X) or the Moon was rapidly changing its orbit (case Y) during this period. Both cases X and Y are impossible astronomically.

The irregular behaviour of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon telluric system discovered in 1971 by Dr Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval or fictitious. Corollary: either astronomy (Case A) or chronology of history is mistaken (Case B).

ATF-2-Astronomy-3dCase A: the Sun-Earth-Moon telluric system became stable as it is nowadays only after the XIII century. That is astronomically impossible.

Case B: 1000 years ago civilization didn’t exist, therefore, people could not write as yet (sic!) to register the events of the full solar eclipses which is theoretically possible if the consensual chronology of the world history is wrong.

Corollary: Astronomy is incompatible with History

CHRON1-3d-406x496-ChristLOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. Table of Contents V1

See detailed explanation of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system.

1N02-002The D” value drops suddenly, and this leap by an entire order begins in the alleged V century A.D.; Beginning with the XI century and on, the values of the parameter D” become more or less constant and close to its modern value; In the interval between the alleged V and XI centuries A.D. one finds D” values to be in complete disarray. Corollary: allegedly ancient eclipses prior to XII century were invented by medieval astronomers. Corollary: timeframe of civilization narrows to abt. 1000 years.

ATF-1-Chronology-3d

Consensual wrong chronology we still live with was elaborated in XVI-XVII centuries by kabbalist-numerologist Joseph Scaliger and his follower Jesuit Dionysius Petavious. In the course of  40 years of meticulous research, the mathematicians Dr Fomenko and Dr Nosovskiy have developed the theory of New Chronology that corrects, at last, the parameter D” but leads to the deep revision of chronology of the world history.

LCHRON2-3d-406x496-ChristOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2

Table of Contents V2

 From 500 A.D. to 1200 A.D. humans have invented instruments, arms, agriculture, writing, trade and industries, the structure of population morphed from clans, tribes, kingdoms, States and Judea-Izrael Empire; changed their religious beliefs from paganism and polytheism to Christianity. From 1200 A.D. to 1350 A.D. they form the Christian Empire of Eurasia.

The Medieval Warm Period of 850 A.D. – 1350 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of 1350 A.d.– 1600 A.D. provoked the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries, the spread of Protestantism and the beginning of the disintegration of Empire of Eurasia.

CHRON3-3d-406x496-ChristLOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

Europe separates step by step from the embrace of Evil Empire of Eurasia in 1400 – 1600 and splits into competing parts. England builds the Royal Navy to rule the waves and turns from a tiny impoverished kingdom into the enormous British Empire. France mutates into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe and competes with Britain, Austria, and Spain.

RIGN symbolThe imbroglio of 300 kingdoms of Central Europe stays under Habsburg’s umbrella of Roman Empire of the German Nation that was neither Roman nor Empire. Spain and Portugal discover and colonize the Americas. European provinces of Empire of Eurasia develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Empire of Eurasia.

CHRON4-3d-406x496-ChristLOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.

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The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had vested interests to support the myths of Antiquity but each of them for their own reasons.

ATF-5-Antiquity-3dThe Roman Church moved dowthe beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify their leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.

The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

chron5-3d-406x496-christBy the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition.

Table of Contents V5

The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV – XVIIth centuries served this agenda perfectly.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

The fictional Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. 

The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. 

Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians’s independent exercise of religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.5. 

Ages in Chaos

Dr Eugen Gabowitsch (1938–2009)

It is impossible to make an exhaustive survey of the Russian historical and critical research performed in the XX century, so I shall just give you a brief outline of just what this new Russian critical school is all about.

The first question that needs to be asked in order to understand the issue at hand is one about the exact definition of history. Let us adhere to the formula “history begins today” – after all, history is still in the making, and formulate some general postulations.

Firstly, the traditional model of the past as presented in multitudes of historical books is erroneous. Just how erroneous is what we are trying to estimate, as well as the approximate epoch when consensual history finally became crystallized in its present form if such a thing is at all possible.

And so, our very first question was about the definition of history. One must understand that the object of our critical analysis isn’t the past itself, but rather the surviving records thereof. However, “the past” and “history” strike most people as synonyms, which is incorrect – when people refer to “history”, they can only speak about whatever they read in books and not any real past of humankind.

One can very easily become confused if one doesn’t distinguish between one and the other – a virtual reality populated by a vast number of kings and pharaohs and the real past that we have no substantial information about for the most part. Let us, therefore, remember that history is nothing but our model of the past.

History begins today

The above postulate formulates the very essence of what the Russian critical school is all about. Any historical book we open shall tell us about the historical situation for 7000 B.C. being such-and-such, with similar assessments of “historical situations” for 5000 B.C. and so on, 2800 B.C. marking the birth of the Sumerian civilization. This dating isn’t substantiated in any way at all; the precision of datings is perfectly scholastic in nature, and the great antiquity of documented history is purely arbitrary.

We shall, therefore, refrain from beginning our narration with a distant B.C. dating. Let us take the present as a reference point and move backward gradually, explaining every step of our chronological voyage. One must remember that it isn’t a real past that we are about to explore, but a mere model thereof.

The phrase “history begins today” also applies to our first steps in the direction of an interdisciplinary mindset; this is precisely what the scientists are trying to do nowadays.

The community of people who research critical approaches to history is a very interdisciplinary character itself and consists of mathematicians, computer science experts, professors of history and sociology, chemists, geologists and many representatives of natural sciences in general.

Johan Huizinga wrote that one could hardly fit history into the medieval education system. The representation of historical science in universities had indeed been very limited; there is hardly a single important work on history dating from that period that would be written by a university scholar (up until the beginning of the XIX century). One must also add that history gradually transformed into humanity and therefore not a “science”, strictly speaking.

If one should find it hard to grasp the concept of history beginning today, one might as well consider a situation when alien spaceship lands on planet Earth, and we are confronted with the necessity to explain a great many things to the aliens – our linguistics, our manner of reproduction and the like.

They are likely to ask us about our history, and the dates of historical events. How can one give an exhaustive answer to this question? We would have to explain everything to the aliens step by step and very logically – after all, we can’t expect them to be familiar with our general university curriculum or our model of the past.

History Creation

Next, we must explicate the fact that history is still being created. Most people say a critical watershed in the entire historical formation is the Gregorian Calendar reform of 1582.

However, in many cases, the veracious historical period begins a great deal later. Three years ago we suggested 1650 as the beginning of the veracious period in history, all prior epochs being in need of thorough research and chronological verification.

Having been in close touch with the community of unorthodox historians for quite a few years, I can say that even this dating is far too optimistic; history is still being created, and this process may even be happening a great deal more rapidly nowadays.

India, for instance, is attempting to introduce a new model of the Indian past – much more grandiose, yet free from conflicts, wars, violence and all “anti-Gandhian” phenomena in general. This ‘politically’ correct version of history is being taught in Indian schools today.

ATF-21-Chinese_Astronomy-3dChina can be taken as another example. The Great Wall, for instance, has only been built after 1950 – its prior existence is but an old European myth. The reaction of utter surprise and astonishment is very natural.

I have published a paper with the results of my research that lead one to the above-mentioned conclusion; there is another book in existence, written by a professional historian, that says the very same thing.

However, this literature never gets read by the masses; everyone reads newspapers and watches films, which adhere to the model where the Great Wall of China has existed for the last 2000 years.

ATF-22-Wall_of_China-3dThere isn’t a single old Chinese drawing of the Great Wall of China – the oldest ones come from European books. It has been different for the last 50 years or so; the Chinese Communists built an actual wall, and now declare it to be more ancient than even the most daring estimates of historians.

Another example is the invention of the printing press by the Germans in the XV century, 1440 being the earliest estimation. There is nothing odd about this invention being made in Europe around that time – after all, all European languages use phonetic alphabets.

However, consensual history is trying to convince us that somebody invented printing molds in China 300 years before, in the XI century – for thousands of hieroglyphs, no less. The invention had promptly been forgotten, serving no other purpose than going down in history.

The more plausible version is that a European (possibly Dutch) book about the invention of the printing press in Germany became translated into Chinese around the XVII century and became part of Chinese history.

One must also recollect the alleged invention of the logarithms in China that took place 500 years before they were invented in the Netherlands. The comparison of two publications, European and Chinese, demonstrates that a misprint from Napier’s table of natural logarithms (first published in 1620) was repeated in a Chinese book that is presumed to be 500 years older. Is that the natural way of making history, one wonders?

The Spanish Armada of 300 great vessels also became an important part of Chinese history. Every Chinese history book reports about the construction of a gigantic 300-vessel Armada in 1405; some of the ships are said to have been 150 meters long, which is quite impossible for wooden ships.

This fleet was presumably sent to India, the Arabic countries and so on; the expedition recurred six or seven times, its purpose remains unclear. This is obviously the Great Spanish Armada transformed into a Chinese myth.

As a matter of fact, if one does a bit of research, one shall see the very same process taking place now in Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Ukraine.

I come from Estonia, and I learned recently that the Estonians to have the longest history in the world – tribes of proto-Estonians have presumably inhabited the territory of modern Estonia in 5000 B.C.

It is quite naturally a myth that cannot be verified, yet the creation of such myths is still taking place in virtually every country in the world. Everyone tries to trace their history as far back into the illusionary past as possible. This is the historical mindset of the XX century.

The most important period in the making of history falls on the XVIII century. This is when the Russian, the German and the Chinese history was created; the creation of Chinese history, in particular, has been transparent to the extreme, since it amounted to the translation of historical books written in different European languages into Chinese.

All of them have become native a long time ago, incorporated into Chinese history. Chinese writing is not phonetic; the language of the original becomes thoroughly lost in translation, that is. Nearly every major European chronicle, likewise every invention made in Europe, became reflected in Chinese history.

The origins of the real Chinese history date to the XIV century A.D. the earliest, which is ridiculously late from the consensual point of view. Prior to that, history in the traditional European understanding had been nonexistent in China, and may be referred to as “oral history”.

This also applies to Indian history – according to a certain Japanese scientist, modern Indian history is like a telephone directory, with a hodgepodge of names culled from a plethora of chronicles without a single correct dating or indeed any historical events at all.

One can plainly see that a critical approach to history is very much called for; one must, however, say that critical schools of historians are anything but a recent phenomenon – it suffices to mention Sir Isaac Newton, who had been one of the most vehement critics of consensual history in his epoch.

The Russian critical tradition begins with Nikolai Morozov, whose fundamental critique entitled “Christ” was published in the 1930’s.

Nowadays Fomenko and his team of scientists possess unsurpassable mathematical and statistical tools that they successfully use for the critical analysis of historical data, discovering more and more irrefutable facts that prove consensual history to have just about as much in common in reality as a book of nursery rhymes.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Their latest fundamental work is translated into English, and the four volumes are now widely available; one cannot recommend these enough since their release is doubtlessly a very important step towards the understanding of human history as it is, which is miles and miles apart from what we have grown accustomed to believing.

Fomenko is not alone

Most historians and archaeologists are only vaguely familiar with the theory of the Academician A. T. Fomenko, the eminent mathematician, and his numerous works on chronology (written together with mathematician G. V. Nosovskiy for the most part) from very negative hearsay, yet they repudiate and criticize the works of these authors with great ardour and much malice.

Mainstream is adhering to the principle: “I have never read the works of the renegade Fomenko, and never will, but I condemn the horrendous aspersions that they cast on our beloved Antiquity nonetheless!” All of the above notwithstanding the fact that the books that contain criticisms of the consensual chronology and historiography sell in thousands of copies.

Wide masses of historians that comprise the “consensual chronology army” get very limited exposure to the numerous critiques of chronology and history that have been coming out in Germany and several other countries for many a year.

The primary goal of this article is an attempt to familiarize the above with the primary critical works that suggest a radical revision of history and chronology, as well as their authors.

One hopes that a few historians and archaeologists out there will eventually realize the enormous potential of this direction in historical research, once they become aware of the multitude of authors, methods, approaches and historical topics involved in the reformation of history and chronology in one way or another.

The most promising stratum of the audience is comprised of young scientists and the unorthodox minority of broadly-educated people as opposed to the bureaucratic majority of the “historian back office personnel”.

Eminent critics of chronology and historiography in the past

Independent thinkers who weren’t afraid of the fact that historical science and the people whose interests it represents have always been extremely hostile towards all criticisms of chronology, existed in every epoch, alongside the masses of obedient historiographers that were too scared or too reluctant to go against the grain.

Owing to the fact that these independent researchers had possessed the courage to expose blatant contradictions inherent in the very chronological foundations of historiography, official science didn’t manage to keep them out of the general public’s reach. We shall mention some of them below.

The four names one finds below are merely the ones who received the most publicity. Many an honest historian has tried to criticize the condition of historical sources but never dared to cross the border of loyalty to historical science in general, as well as the corporate mass of fellow historians.

They remained in the shade – however, their efforts helped several radical critics of chronology to emerge and voice the existence of the above-mentioned contradictions and very blind spots in history publicly.

Sir Isaac Newton

Readers familiar with the works of Fomenko and Nosovskiy know that the great English physicist had also been an eminent chronologist; they keep emphasizing that in his every book Sir Isaac insists on the necessity of narrowing the historical temporal space drastically. I consider that the great physicist and theologian, rather has put emphasis on criticisms of consensual chronology than on the shortening of the historical period.

Let us assume that Joseph Scaliger, the founding father of the consensual chronology, had been perfectly scrupulous in his work with the historical sources that he had selected for his research.

It is true that he may have invented some of them; however, seeing as how modern historiography regards them as valid historical sources, this circumstance (hardly an extraordinary phenomenon in the past) is of no little importance to us.

On the other hand, we have no reason to assume that Newton wasn’t capable of conducting his chronological calculations without any errors, based on the sources that he had chosen for this purpose. Assuming this, we can claim that Newton de facto proves the following two theorems – empirically, if not logically:

Theorem 1: The system of historical sources is woven of contradictions: some of its parts lead one to conclusions that contradict other parts:

Theorem 2: Consensual chronology as used by the modern historical science is untrue. Furthermore, the general mass of historical sources that we have at our disposal doesn’t allow for its unambiguous reconstruction.

Corollary: Historical chronology is nonexistent.

Moreover, R. Newton had been the first to use statistical considerations for testing the veracity of chronological materials. He can, therefore, be considered the ideological progenitor of the Russian critical school in Chronology (Morozov, Fomenko et al.), which is concerned with natural scientific and mathematical argumentation for the most part, albeit not exclusively.

Jean Hardouin

Jean Hardouin (1646-1729) was a contemporary of Newton and one of the best-educated people of his epoch. A member of the Jesuit order, he had been the director of the French Royal Library since 1683. Hardouin had also been a Professor of Theology who would constantly surprise his listeners by the depth of his knowledge and his tremendous erudition.

Hardouin is the author of several books on philology, theology, history, archaeology, numismatics, chronology and philosophy of history for a complete bibliography. Unfortunately, these oeuvres remain unknown to the wider audience of specialists, one of the reasons being the fact that they’re written in Latin for the most part.

Hardouin’s most famous work is a collection of ecclesiastical edicts in re the assembly of Ecumenical Councils, starting with the I century A.D. and on. When this grandiose oeuvre finally came out in 1715 after 28 years of labour and after the editions of 1684, 1685 and 1693 (11 volumes with comments altogether).

This oeuvre had remained banned by the church for the 10 years that followed, since the ecclesiastical authorities had, understandably enough, been alarmed by the criticisms of sources contained in the conclusions made by Hardouin in the course of his research.

The church had only allowed public access to the materials published by Hardouin after the public renunciation of the latter’s former beliefs, which was perceived as a mere formality by Hardouin’s contemporaries.

From 1690 and on, J. Hardouin had claimed that the works of many ancient authors were written hundreds of years later than whatever was implied by the consensual datings of their lifetimes. In other words, he had exposed the works in question as forgeries.

This critique of sources had been getting ever more scalding; one of Hardouin’s final conclusions had been that nearly all the ancient works of literary art date from the XIII century the earliest.

He had made exceptions in several cases: the works of Cicero, the satires of Horace, Virgil’s “Georgics” and Pliny the Elder’s “Natural History”. However, his famous comments were written about his authors, and so Hardouin may have found it hard psychologically to recognize them as medieval authors.

Hardouin had claimed that Christ and his apostles if they existed at all, must have read their sermons in Latin. He was convinced that the Greek translations of the New and the Old Testament date from a much later epoch than the church presumes.

He had named St. Augustine among the fraudulent Christian classics and didn’t trust the veracity of his works. He had also mentioned the falsification of nearly all of the “ancient” coins, works of art, stone carvings and, particularly, the documents of all the Ecumenical Councils that had preceded the Council of Trident (1545-1563).

The reaction of Hardouin’s contemporaries to his iconoclasm is of as great an interest to us as his criticisms of historical sources. Hardouin naturally got criticized, but usually sotto voce, which leaves one with the impression that the critics themselves were well aware that the publication of apocryphal works had been the norm relatively recently.

Even his most vehement opponents acknowledged that Hardouin’s academic eminence and his highest authority in the scientific world made it unnecessary for him to seek cheap publicity of a nihilist or to amuse himself with disclosures that irritated the ecclesiastical and scientific circles alike.

Only deep conviction about the veracity of the critical approach to chronology and historiography could have made Hardouin dare to oppose the entire canonical science and theology.

It is noteworthy that Hardouin criticized Newton’s book on amended chronology in the same vein of the complete negation of deep antiquity, urging Newton to stop writing about the fictitious “days of yore”.

He had been of the opinion that the destruction of Jerusalem and the burning of Troy were the same event in reality, which corresponds to the point of view expressed by Fomenko and Nosovskiy.

Most of Hardouin’s work (including the ones published postmortem) was banned by the church in 1739-1742 and included in the list of banned books. After the death of J. Hardouin, most of the “ancient” sources that he had exposed have been “rehabilitated” and are once again taken seriously be historical science.

Robert Baldauf

If Newton and Hardouin were world-famous scientists whose biographies are known in great detail, the only thing we know about Robert Baldauf, the Swiss philologist, is that he was a Privatdozent of Basel University and published two volumes out of the four that he had intended to publish under the general title of “History and Criticism”, namely, the first and the fourth volume.

These two volumes are of the utmost interest to the critics of chronology and history since Baldauf managed to come to virtually the same conclusions as Hardouin using an altogether different method, that of philological analysis.

Baldauf had studied the archives of the famous Swiss monastery of St. Gallen, formerly one of the key centers of Catholicism, and discovered the traces of the barbaric library raid made by Poggio Bracciolini and a friend of his, both of them highly educated servants of the Roman Curia.

They purloined numerous manuscripts and books that were considered ancient from the library of this monastery, however, the manuscripts may date to a more recent epoch, which wouldn’t preclude them from serving as prototypes for the manufacture of numerous “ancient” works by Poggio and his assistants.

One must also mention Baldauf’s study of numerous presumably ancient manuscripts and the exposure of the latter as recent forgeries for the most part. Baldauf discovered parallels between the “historical” books of the Old Testament and the works of the mediaeval Romance genre as well as Homer’s “Iliad” that were blatant enough to lead the scientist to the assumption that both the Iliad and the Bible date from the late Middle Ages.

Some of the mediaeval chronicles ascribed to different authors resembled each other to such an extent that Baldauf was forced to identify them as works of the same author, despite the fact that the two documents were presumed separated chronologically by an interval of two centuries at least.

At any rate, some of the expressions characteristic for Romanic languages that one finds in both documents fail to correspond with either of the alleged datings (one of them being the IX and the other the XI century).

Apart from that, some of the manuscripts contain distinctly more recent passages, such as frivolous stories of endeavours in public steam baths (which the Europeans only became acquainted with during the late Reconquista epoch) and even allusions to the Holy Inquisition.

Baldauf’s study of the “ancient” poetry in Volume 4 demonstrates that many “ancient” poets wrote rhymed verse resembling the mediaeval troubadours. Unlike Hardouin, Baldauf is convinced that the verse of Horace is of a mediaeval origin, pointing out German and Italian influences inherent in his Latin.

Furthermore, Baldauf points out such pronounced parallels between the poetry of Horace and Ovid (who were presumably unaware of each other’s existence) that one becomes convinced that the works of both belong to a third party – apparently, a much later author.

Robert Baldauf wasn’t alone in his criticism of the style characteristic for the “ancient” authors. As early as in 1847 Borber expressed surprise about the striking similarity of the Druids and the Egyptian priests as described in Julius Caesar’s “De bellum Gallico”, which he considers a later forgery, likewise “De bellum civile” by the same author.

Baldauf sums up his research in the following words: “Our Romans and Greeks have been Italian humanists”. All of them – Homer, Sophocles, Aristotle and many other “ancient” authors, so different in our perception, hail from the same century, according to Baldauf.

Furthermore, their home wasn’t in the Ancient Rome or Hellas, but rather Italy of the XIV-XV century. The entire history of the Ancient Greeks and Romans, likewise the Biblical “history”, which correlates with the above to some extent, was conceived and introduced by the Italian humanists, as well as their colleagues and followers from other countries.

Humanism has given us a whole fantasy world of the antiquity and the Bible, as well as the early Middle Ages, which Baldauf had also considered an invention of the humanist writers. This fictional history, initially drafted on parchment, was carved in stone and cast in metal; it has rooted itself in our perception to such an extent that no positivist criticisms can make humanity doubt its veracity.

Wilhelm Kammeier

In the case of Wilhelm Kammeier, a German critic of historical sources, we don’t know so much as the date of his birth; he was born between 1890 and 1900. He died in 1959 in Arnstadt (Thuringia, former East Germany). He was a lawyer by trade and had worked in Hanover as a notary. He had taken part in World War II and was taken, prisoner.

After that, he had lived in Arnstadt, which became the new home of his family after the destruction of their Hanover residence during the war. All his post-war life he had been afflicted by poverty and state repression. Very probably his death resulted from chronic malnutrition.

The job of a notary provided Kammeier with an excellent basis for the critical research of old documents, which he became fascinated with in 1923. By 1926 he had completed his 292-page manuscript entitled “The Universal Falsification of History”, where he subjects historical documents serving as the basis for the mediaeval history of Germany to rigorous criticism. However, it had taken him many years to find a publisher for this critique.

He sent a brief summary of the key points related to the manuscript to the Prussian Academy of Sciences with a request to be given the opportunity of making a public speech in front of the historians. This request was rejected under a formal pretext that private persons weren’t allowed to address the Academy, with no substantial argumentation given. The mere fact that Kammeier had not held an office in an academic institution sufficed for the rejection of a well-reasoned critique.

Kammeier’s manuscript got published only as late as 1935. This was followed by a brochure, where the criticisms of historical sources were taken further, encompassing the entire mediaeval period in Europe, and seven more brochures on the same subject. This work [g9] has long ago become a bibliographic rarity.

It was published again in a small number of copies as part of the book [g10] that also includes the following works of Wilhelm Kammeier dating from 1936-1939: “Enigmas of Global History – an Answer to my Critics”, “The Mystery of Mediaeval Rome”, “Dogmatic Christianity and the Falsification of History”, and “The Foundation of the Roman Ecumenical Church”.

Finally, Kammeier’s manuscript on the “sources” of the early Christianity and their falsification, previously unpublished and presumed lost, came out as a book [g11].

Official science had only been reacting to Kammeier’s works during the first few years that followed the release of his first book – critically, of course. One of his critics, a certain Professor Heimpel, accused Kammeier of having no positive conception of history.

A critic must naturally be concerned with the positive historical picture first and foremost, regardless of whether or not it is a work of fiction through and through: “If we see the entire historical conception of the Middle Ages disintegrate and transform into a spot of impenetrable darkness, or indeed a gigantic question mark, we shall naturally end up with feeling inner resentment against Kammeier’s criticisms, well-reasoned or not”.

Kammeier’s counter-argumentation was that it hadn’t been his fault that the history of Germany and the entire Ancient World proved a work of fiction to a tremendous extent, the literary and documental sources of the epoch being forgeries.

He only pleaded guilty of discovering this historical falsification, mentioning the necessity to live with a new historical truth that new generations of historians would inevitably face (as we know, they still shudder at the mere thought), alluding to Schopenhauer’s concept of truth needing no permission for its existence. Once perceived, the truth becomes an elemental force: intelligent persons shall try to turn this force to their benefit instead of opposing it.

However, after the reasoned refutation of the historians’ criticisms by Kammeier, the learned scholars have switched to the tried and viable tactics of obstruction and concealment (after all, things that remain unknown to the general public may as well be nonexistent).

The world war that broke out around that time had aided this obstruction greatly. Kammeier’s participation in military action, his captivity and the unsettled state of his post-war life had interrupted his active research for a long time.

The only job Kammeier managed to find in East Germany was that of a schoolteacher. As soon as circumstances allowed, he resumed his research of the “ancient” documents, concentrating all of his attention on the documental foundations of the history of early Christianity.

It is quite possible that he had counted on a benevolent attitude towards this topic from the part of Socialist historiography in an atheistic country that East Germany was striving to become.

Instead of that, as soon as he had offered his critique of early Christian documents to the historians of the German Democratic Republic, he became a victim of repression: he lost his job, the manuscript of his book [g11a] was confiscated and had been presumed lost for a long time; his estate was nationalised, and his family forced to dwell in hunger and poverty.

Kammeier’s research of the “ancient” documents begins with the trivial remark that every donation document (the most common kind of mediaeval documents; donations could assume the form of estate, privileges, ranks etc), must contain information about the nature of the gift, the date of the donation, the names of the benefactor and the receiver and the place where the document was written.

Documents with blank fields (the date, the name of the donation’s receiver etc) are null and void from the legal point of view, and can only serve as historical sources indirectly (in the research of historical falsifications, for instance).

Documents kept in libraries often fail to correspond to these criteria:

One finds documents with no date, or a date that was obviously introduced later – alternatively, the date can be incomplete or transcribed in a manner that fails to correspond with the presumed epoch of the document’s creation.

Documents dating to the same day would often be “signed” in different geographical location.

The analysis of places and dates leaves us with the following picture: all German emperors, regardless of age, health and basic human logic, don’t reside in any capital, but keep on the move all the time, occasionally covering gigantic distances in a single day, in order to make more and more donations to their loyal subjects.

It would be interesting to feed all such data to a computer in order to compile analytical overviews of the movement speed of the German feudal rulers and their supernormal Wanderlust.

However, the tables that the historians have already compiled, demonstrate that German emperors often managed to be present in two mutually distant geographical locations on the same day. For instance, Emperor Conrad is presumed to have been present in 2 or 3 different cities at the same annual Christian feast for 50 years in a row.

The family name of the donation’s recipient is absent from a great number of documents (this is the case with up to half of all surviving documents for some epochs) – one can, therefore, speak of headers at best, valid official documents being a far cry.

Naturally, Kammeier wasn’t the first to discover forgeries during the research of ancient (or presumably ancient) documents. His primary merit is that he had managed to recognize the more or less systematic large-scale activities of whole generations of hoaxers serving the Catholic Church or individual feudal rulers and grasp the real scale of the historical falsification campaign, which had been great enough to surprise historians even before his time.

These hoaxers have destroyed a great many of old originals and replaced them by forgeries. The old text would often be erased with a new one taking its place on an ancient parchment, which would make the forgery look like an “authentic ancient relic” in the eyes of the hoaxers. It would often take a very minor alteration to change the original meaning of an old document completely.

According to Kammeier, the key goal of this prolonged and massive campaign for the falsification of historical documents had been the concealment, distortion and arbitrary extension of the pre-Christian history, with all the achievements of the pagan epoch ascribed thereto.

Apart from that, “legal” acknowledgement of the possession rights must have been in high demand among the new feudal rulers, whose property was acquired from lawful pagan owners rather recently, and in a violent manner. Falsified donation documents were necessary to declare ancient rights of possession; their authorship could be traced to one of the great Christian rulers of antiquity – fictitious entities invented for this specific purpose in many cases.

The general condition of historical sources at the moment can be described as follows: the number of forgeries is mind-boggling, and every “ancient” work of history lacks an original (this is hardly a chance occurrence). However, historians keep on using forgeries in lieu of official documentation – possibly due to the fact that their inveracity has not been proven irrefutably yet, or that such irrefutable proof does in fact exist, but remains concealed from the scientific community.

One can find the following corollaries made by Kammeier in the course of his research of medieval documents in [g12]:

  • The humanists took part in the massive falsification of history alongside the Catholic clergy striving to create some proof of the historical significance attributed to their church; this process falls on the XV century for the most part.
  • The documents related to the pagan “German” history have been destroyed and replaced by Gallic and Romanic forgeries.
  • The existence of Catholic Pontiffs before the so-called Avignon captivity is of a fragmental nature through and through.
  • Historical events that preceded the XIII century are beyond reconstruction since all of the earlier documents have been destroyed and replaced by counterfeits.
  • The pre-Papal wars between national churches were subsequently presented as a struggle against the heretics and the apostates.
  • “Ancient” literature is as much of a forgery as the medieval documents. One of such fake literary works is “Germany” by Tacitus.
  • The Catholic clergy can be credited with the invention of the New Testament, or at least a radical rearrangement thereof.
  • The church keeps on manufacturing counterfeited “ancient” manuscripts in order to “prove” the authenticity of Evangelical texts and their great age with the aid of the new “findings.”

Bibliography

[g1] Newton, Isaac (1725). Abregé de la chronologie de I. Newton, fait par lui-mème, et traduit sur le manuscript Angloise [par Nicolas Feret]. Paris, Cavelier. Newton, Isaac (1728). The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended. London. Newton, Isaac (1728a). La Chronologie des Ancien Royalmes Corrigée. Martin u. a., Paris, 416 S.

[g2] Topper, Uwe (1999). Isaac Newton verkürzte die Griechische Geschichte um 300 Jahre.EFODON Synesis, Heft 4, Juli/August 1999, 4-7. (Isaac Newton shortens Greek History by 300 years.)

[g3] Gabowitsch, Eugen (1999). Newton als (neben Hardouin) geistiger Vater der Chronologiekritik und Geschichtsrekonstruktion. EFODON Synesis, Heft 6, Nov./Dez. 1999, 29-33. (Newton as spiritual progenitor of chronology criticism and reconstruction of history.)

[g4] Topper, Uwe (1998). Die Grosse Aktion. Europas erfundene Geschichte. Die planmässige Fälschung unserer Vergangenheit von der Antike bis zur Aufklärung. Tübingen. (Big Act. Invented History of Europe.)

[g5] Hardouin (Jean) in: Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana. Tomo XXVII, 679-680.

[g6] Hardouin (Jean) in: Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste in alphabetischer Folge von genannten Schriftstellern bearbeitet und herausgegeben von J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gruber, Zweite section H-N. Herausgegeben von G. Hassel und W. Müller.Zweiter teil mit Kupfern und Karten, Leipzig, im Verlag von Johann Friedrich Gleditsch 1828, pages 260-263. ( General Illustrated Encyclopedia of Europe & America.)

[g7] Robert Baldauf. Historie und Kritik (Einige kritische Bemerkungen). Bd. I., Der Mönch von St. Gallen, Verlag der Dykschen Buchhandlung, Leipzig, 1903. Bd. IV. Das Altertum [Römer und Griechen] C. Metrik und Prosa, Friedrich Reinhardt, Universitätsbuchdruckerei, Basel, Mai 1902. (History & Criticism.)

[g8] Wilhelm Kammeier. Die Fälschung der deutschen Geschichte. Adolf Klein Verlag, Leipzig, 1935. (Falsification of German History.)

[g9] Wilhelm Kammeier. Neue Beweise für die Fälschung der deutschen Geschichte. Adolf Klein Verlag, Leipzig, 1936. (Fresh Proofs of Falsification of German History.)

[g10] Wilhelm Kammeier. Die Wahrheit über die Geschichte des Spätmittelalters. Verlag für ganzheitliche Forschung, Wobbenbühl, 1979. (Truth about Falsification of Middle Ages History.)

[g11] Wilhelm Kammeier. Die Fälschung der Geschichte des Urchristentums. Bd. 1-4. Husum, 1981-82. (Falsification of History of Early Christianity.)

[g11a] Ibid.

[g12] Hans-Ulrich Niemitz. Kammeier, kritisch gewürdigt. Vorzeit-Fruhzeit-Gegenwart, 3/4, 1991, 92-107. (Critical Estmation.)


atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

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