CRITICS

US research of earth-moon mechanics by late NASA astrophysicist Dr.Robert Newton leads mathematicians Dr.Fomenko et al to a breakthrough in the chronology of world history. The timeline of civilization based on only irrefutably dated events and artifacts shrinks drastically to 1000 years.

New Chronology theory of Dr Fomenko and the team has been universally rejected by non-scientists mainstream scholars of history, who branded it not only as pseudo-historic but also as pseudoscience!

Why, oh why the mainstream historians do not gratify prominent mathematician Doctor Fomenko with laurels but call the riot police? For example, the English historians’ rage at the suggestion that the history of Ancient England was de facto a Byzantine import transplanted to the English soil by the fugitive Byzantine nobility.

As the sign of recognition of the special role of the English historians who consider themselves the true scribes of World History, the cover of the present books portrays Tintoretto’s Jesus Christ crucified on the Big Ben.

The Russian historians brand it all as pseudoscience: because Dr. Fomenko asserts that there was no such thing as the Tartar and Mongol invasion followed by over two centuries of slavery, providing a formidable body of documental evidence to prove his assertion.

The so-called ‘Tartars and Mongols’ were the actual ancestors of the modern Russians, living in a trilingual state with Arabic and Turkic used as freely as Russian.

The ancient Russian state was governed by a double structure of civil and military authorities and the hordes were actually professional armies with a tradition of lifelong conscription (the recruitment being the so-called ‘blood tax’). Their ‘invasions’ were punitive operations against the regions that attempted tax evasion.

Dr. Prof Fomenko proves that official Russian history is a blatant forgery concocted by a host of German scholars brought to Russia by the usurper dynasty of the Romanovs. Their ascension to the throne was the result of a conspiracy, so they charged these German imported historians with the noble mission of making Romanovs reign look legitimate.

As Fomenko blows consensual Russian history to smithereens, he successfully removes a crucial cornerstone from underneath the otherwise impeccable edifice of World History.

Fomenko adds insult to injury, wiping out one by one: the Ancient Rome: the foundation of Rome in Italy is dated to the 14th century A. D., Ancient Greece and its numerous poleis, which he identifies as the medieval crusader settlements on the territory of Greece.

Ancient Egypt: the pyramids of Giza become dated to the 11th to 14th century A. D. and identified as the royal cemetery of the Global “Mongolian” Empire, no less. The civilization of Ancient Egypt is irrefutably dated to the 11th to 15th century A. D. with the aid of the ancient Egyptian horoscopes cut in stone, like an enormous Dendera horoscope that hangs in the main entrance to the Louvre museum in Paris.

He was the first one to decipher and date unambiguously all such horoscopes, coming up with medieval dates in every case.

Fomenko wipes out the Ancient History of China outright. No such ancient history. Period. The compilation of the so-called Ancient Chinese History is reliably datable to the 17th 18th century only. It is perfectly recognizable as the Ancient European history, reworked and transcribed in hieroglyphs as yet another historical transplantation, this time performed on the Chinese soil by the loving Jesuit hands.

The Chinese are the next in line to go berserk. Chinese history is inevitably bound to get both more ancient and more eventful, proportionally to the growing involvement of China in world affairs. Chinese historians will keep on finding valid proof of prehistoric Chinese spaceflights until the Politburo orders them otherwise.

Islam with all its key figures appears as late as 15th-16th century A. D. as a branch of proto-Christianity. This is amply illustrated by the imagery of Prophet Mahomet, Archangel Gabriel, Heaven, and Hell of this period. In today’s Islam, all imagery of the things living is taboo.

Arabic historians may find consolation in the crucial historical role of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th 17th century. The trouble is that this empire was initially a proto-Christian state, with Hagia Sophia identifiable as Temple of Solomon, according to Fomenko!

We can only guess if the acquisition of Alexander the Great (a Macedonian and a Christian!) as the founder of the Muslim World Empire will make Fomenko’s theories more acceptable to the Arabic mainstream. He certainly does not spare any holy cows at all, claiming The Stone of Qa’Aba in Mecca to contain the lost Arch of the Covenant.

The history of religions according to Fomenko looks as follows: the pre-Christian period (before the 11th century and Jesus Christ ), Bacchic Christianity (11th to 12th century, before and after Jesus Christ), Jesus Christ Christianity (12th to 14th century) and its subsequent mutations (15th to 17th) into Orthodox Christianity, the Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Buddhism, and so on…

Saint Augustine was quite prescient when he said: “be wary of mathematicians,.. particularly when they speak the truth.” Henry Ford once said: “History is more or less bunk!” Prominent mathematician Anatoly Fomenko not only proved it for a fact but as a true scientist tried to upgrade it into rocket science.

Fake Babilon Eclipses

The horoscopes found in Sumerian/Babylonian tablets do not contain sufficient astronomical data; consequently, they have solutions every 30–50 years on the time axis and are therefore useless for purposes of dating.

The vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols once applied to clay tablets don’t allow for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses. Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for unique dating.

Either they’re not enough symbols allowing for astronomical interpretation of the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.

An eclipse can easily be found for each allegedly ancient event mentioned in clay cylinder or tablet of unknown age.  Consequently, the dates of eclipses are attached in a circular manner.

Dr. Stephenson argues: ancient dates of Babilon eclipses coincide with dates of Babilon eclipses described in Ptolemy’s Almagest who was a late medieval phantom cover for Tycho Brahe and Kepler but forgets to mention that Almagest composed in XVI cy describes events of X-XVI centuries. Circulus Vicious.

Poor astronomical data in Babylon – abundant astronomical data in Egypt

The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy Hardcover – September 1, 1977 by Professor Robert R. Newton

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-jc-667

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology.Multidimensional Minimal SurfaceTheory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry,Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs:

A Global Falsification of History

Don’t worry about the climate change, worry about the New Little Ice Age (NLIA) we are already in. Due to it we have the rising instability of climate, floods, social unrest instability that started in 2015 will continue for the next 25 years .

The climate change caused by combustion engines, airplane flights, diesel tractors, and agriculture — has virtually no measurable impact on the temperature of the planet. The numerous pseudoscience studies allegedly proving the contrary result from generous grants from the interested third parties. Corollary:  Climate change due to human activity is a hoax.

The dogma of history contradicts exact sciences

By Alexander Zinoviev, philosopher

I familiarized myself with the works of A. T. Fomenko comparatively recently, and they impressed me greatly. What part of them struck me as the most stunning? First and foremost, it was the intellectual capacity observable behind them.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Continue reading “A Global Falsification of History”

Refutation of a page about the New Chronology in Wikipedia

“History is a pack of lies about events that never happened told by people who weren’t there.” – George Santayana, American philosopher (1863-1952)

New Chronology theory developed by Dr. Prof. Fomenko et al following the input of NASA astrophysicist Dr. Robert R. Newton reduces the timeline of human civilization to 1000 years taking into account only irrefutably dated events.

Moderators-historians throw out the baby toolbox of the New Chronology mathematical, statistical, and logical methods together with the Sacro sacred Neutral Point of View (NPoV) rule of Wikipedia.

Continue reading “Refutation of a page about the New Chronology in Wikipedia”

Escape from the “Evil” Empire

“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”– George Orwell, 1984.

enlightment scenecesBy the middle of the XVIth century, the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies but was still inferior militarily was to free itself from the yoke and control of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia.

Continue reading “Escape from the “Evil” Empire”

Escape from the “Evil” Empire

“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”– George Orwell, 1984.

enlightment scenecesBy the middle of XVIth century, the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies but was still inferior militarily was to free itself from the yoke and control of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia.

Continue reading “Escape from the “Evil” Empire”

Population Growth Rate vs. Climate

According to population genetics and anthropology, our homo sapiens subspecies sapiens (anatomically modern humans H.s.s) has grown to the alleged population of 7.5 billion from a group of 200-300 persons that appeared in Africa 120-150 000 years ago and moved back and forth through Sinai to Eurasia.

The population counter of UN Institute of the population is badly out of order as it takes into account manipulated numbers supplied by China, India and Pakistan. China claims 1,4, India 1.4 billion citizens. Both numbers are fictional made to order of their ruling powers, used for as propaganda and badly marry with facts.

The population of  20 major cities in China is 250 million, 50% of the population live in cities, grain production 500 mln tons, rice 200 mln tons. Average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. Population estimate does not exceed 700 million.

The population of  20 major cities in India is 75 million, 15% of the population live in cities, grain production 300 mln tons, rice 200 mln tons. Average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. Population estimate does not exceed 500  million.

Corollary: the actual population is closer to 5 than to 8 billion people.

H.s. sapiens subspecies has barely survived the Ice Age that started 110 000 years ago and finished 10 000 years ago but was followed by “stimulating” Little Ice Ages and volcanic eruptions. We enter by 2020 into New Little Ice Age, increased climate instability and volcanic activity.

Europe had good luck with the early medieval warm period of from 850 to 1350 followed by Little Ice Age of 1350 to 1850 that literally pushed it into Renaissance and Enlightenment, induced scientific and technical superiority compared to Eurasia.

Present Chart of climate waves is based on ice core probes from Greenland is irrefutable, historical legends referred thereto are not. Being based on erroneous chronology invented in XVII century all events, empires, kingdoms prior to XVI century  “related” in consensual history are alleged. 

Continue reading “Population Growth Rate vs. Climate”

Population vs. Pandemic, Debt, Climate?

Autoreduction of world population

Homo sapience species start in 2020 to reduce their population to the limits imposed by survival parameters and the size of the planet Earth.

Examples

By creating land and sea networks to reach new territories and develop commerce humans ensure an exchange of deadly illnesses, plagues.  See Silk Road that brought the bubonic plague to Europe, and decimated half of its population. See conquest by Spain of Americas that ruined Aztecs and Incas, decimated their populations but brought in exchange malaria and syphilis back.

By XXI century Agriculture turns into Agroindustry. To raise output of poultry, porc, beef, it adds antibiotics, hormones. To raise profits it squeezes hens, swine, cattle into boxes and cages, it reduces their lifespan with genetical engineering.

To make the superprofits humans don’t spare their own health. AKA by replacing sugar in soft drinks with sweeteners and introducing fast foods that contain glutamate, which turn consumers into fast-food addicts, humans become overweight diabetics and reduce their multiplication.

Following the raising of living, social and educational standards of the population women limit the number of children they bear. LGBT movement turns sex, religions, and childbearing into a farce.

By 2020 vested interest start an operation of the reduction of the population worldwide. Mass media runs an unbridled fearmongering pandemics campaign. Governments are pushed into lockdowns that damage the world economy and the livelihoods of millions.

According to population genetics and anthropology, our homo sapiens subspecies sapiens (anatomically modern humans H.s.s) has grown to the alleged population of 7.5 billion from a group of 200-300 persons that appeared in Africa 120-150 000 years ago and moved back and forth through Sinai to Eurasia, Australia, North and South America.

H.s.s was formed as an aggressive and prone to multiplication in geometrical progression species. It had its cognitive revolution and reached as the hunter gatherer the top ladder of mammal species by the end of Ice Age that blocked its multiplication. Ice Age ended 12 000 years ago, the omnivore species began agricultural revolution to unfold its multiplication capacities.

Population growth led to domestication of plants and animals and permanent settlements that turned into kingdoms and empires that invented script, money and religions. Neither wars or plagues couldn’t stop this growth.

Scientific, industrial revolutions and social revolutions that took place 500, 200, 100 years have on one hand ago accelerated growth of population, and on the other produced ways and means for conflicts between kingdoms, empires, ideologies.

Background

The global population is actually increasing by about 1.5 percent per year, a growth rate (should it persist) that in less than half a century will double the number of people who live on the planet.

Modern medical techniques are producing life extension but not healthy life extension, and we are seeing numbers of old and chronically sick or disabled elderly people in increasingly longer economically unproductive retirements, they are the first to die in covid pandemics.

The ability of the Earth to sustain the human population, posed by Malthus over 200 years ago, is a serious question. Food and energy demands are increasing. Dependence on finite resources for energy and water is already threatening international stability. Exponential population growth can only make matters worse.

Improving economic development in the most populous countries of the developing world (India, China) is leading to changing patterns of demand, as people seek more affluent lifestyles. Consequently, the birth rate is decreasing there.

Air quality resulting from over-rapid industrialization is becoming a major problem that will have major public health effects. The likely determinants of climate change, usually attributed to the developed nations, are now spread throughout the developing world, making the ability of nations to achieve the targets signed up to at Kyoto unlikely to be achieved.

Rather than simply equating population policy with family planning, the new thinking is that population growth should be stabilized – and development enhanced – by attacking some of the roots of the problem: by improving women’s access to education, health care, and economic and political decisions.

Examples from various cultures

China has operated a one-child policy for a number of years, enforced though a system of fines, relaxed after mass bereavements such as Sichuan Earthquake; the focus of China on population control helps provide a better health service for women and a reduction in the risks of death and injury associated with pregnancy.

At family planning offices, women receive free contraception and pre-natal classes. Help is provided for pregnant women to closely monitor their health. Culturally, traditional religious practice requires a son to perform the parents’ funerals, leading to resistance to the policy in some rural areas when the first-born is as girl.

Growth has indeed slowed, yet during 1996 China added 13 million people to its numbers. Rural folk have been less cooperative; however, the one-child policy has achieved statistical wonders. In one generation, China’s birth rates have plunged to 1.9 children per mother – a rate that, if sustained, will lead to depopulation.

According to a recent survey, ethnic minorities are currently growing about 7 times faster than Han Chinese. Chinese government has cancelled the one-child law in June 2021

The decline in population growth rate has exacerbated another problem familiar in the West: rapid aging. There will be 129 million Chinese over the age of 60 as of the year 2000. By 2020, one in four will be elderly (twice the total present population of the United States) – a rare burden for a low-income country.

The sex ratio at birth (between male and female births) in mainland China reached 117:100 in the year 2000, substantially higher than the natural baseline, which ranges between 103:100 and 107:100. This suggests differential abortion if the sex is known antenatally.

India operates a two-child policy. During the 1970s they used forced sterilization of the poor. India has greatly increased food production per head over the last 20 years, making it better placed to absorb higher numbers. The country’s most recent approach to population issues focuses on the advancement of women economically, academically, and socially, as independent women are more likely to have small families.

Africa: birth rates in Africa are the highest in the world.  By the year 2050, twenty percent of the world’s population will live on the African continent. That will be almost two thousand million people, up from eight hundred fifty-five million people today. Especially large population growth is expected in Nigeria, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Other countries likely to have major growth include Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Somalia and Uganda.

Kenya was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to view runaway population growth as a serious impediment to economic prosperity, and it became the first, in the late 1960s, to begin developing a national family-planning campaign. The country’s official population policy calls for matching population size with available resources, yet leaves decisions on family size up to individual families.

As recently as 1970, Africa was essentially self-sufficient in food. What fostered a breakdown in the continent’s ability to feed itself has been a decline of nearly 1 percent per year in per capita grain production since 1968 – in part due to an annual population growth for the continent approaching 3 percent.

The root cause of Africa’s crisis, according to Worldwatch Institute analyst Lester Brown, is population growth faster than on any continent in history, widespread soil erosion and desertification, and a failure by African governments to adequately support agriculture.
Europe: by contrast, France offers financial incentives for larger (3 children) families.

The population of Europe is also aging faster than any other part of the world, except Japan.  Birth rates are also down in many European countries. The number of people depending on workers will rise as the number of workers falls. Spending in European countries will have to increase for retirement, health care, and long-term care for old people in the future.

Russia faces the most severe population decrease of any country. The population of Russia is now one hundred forty-three million.  It is expected to drop twenty-two percent over the next forty-five years.  If this happens, Russia could lose more than forty percent of its active workforce and have economic problems.  Part of the problem is the short length of time that Russian men generally live.

The average life expectancy for Russian men is just sixty-six years.  Russian women live eleven years longer. Men in Western Europe live sixteen years longer.  Drugs, tobacco smoking and alcohol are some of the main causes of death among Russian men.  Russia also has low birth rates.

to be continued..

Hypothesis 01

The coronavirus epidemic in China that turned by 2020 into a pandemic in the global village is an inevitable product of globalization.

The Covid-19 pandemic is allegedly the only reason for the lockdowns in the countries producing over 85% of the world GDP with a population of 4.7 billion.

Lockdowns in China, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Japan have stopped the epidemics. with draconian quarantine measures,  availability of medical manpower, equipment, and hospitals.

Lockdowns in democratic countries that either can’t apply complete quarantine or don’t have adequate medical manpower, equipment, and hospital beds or both may prove to be much more destructive than constructive.

Fact 01

The allegation that pandemics originated in the centralized state capitalism of communist China is irrelevant. As China became by 2020 the largest manufacturing economy and exporter of goods, the severing of the supply chains leads to the contraction of the world GDP and social unrest.

Fact 02

The epidemic of SARS in 2002-2003 did not cross the borders of China and did not turn into a pandemic. In 2002 China was just 4th manufacturing economy in the world. Nowadays it is the first one. Will China become the only one by 2025?

Fact 03 –  Spanish flu January 1918 – December 1920

An unusually deadly pandemic involving H1N1 virus that affected 500 million people or about 27% of the world population of between 1.8 billion with the death toll as high as 100 million young adults. 

Massive programs of vaccination of 1895-1918 based on the research of Louis Pasteur, Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, founders of microbiology and bacteriology, coincide with 15-18 years time-lag with the Spanish flu pandemic with the high mortality rate for young adults.

Hypothesis 02 – Coronavirus to write off the world debt

World powers have found a solution to delete the global debt. Indeed, The top borrowers in the world – the United States, China, Europe, and Japan—account for 3/4 of global debt, exceeding by 50% their share of global output.

Ways and Means for debtor nations

a) Create and/or use a flu pandemic;
b) Declare the pandemic as a force majeure;
c) Declare the climate change as a force majeure;
d) delete your nations debts;
 
Under the cloak of a big pandemic and climate change, the world powers will deglobalize and restructure world production and trade and sweep under carpet 500 trillion of debt and some senior population.

Forecast for 2020

a) expected infection (I) in 2021 up to 200 million;

b) expected death rate of 2% from corona; (D);

c) expected number of death in 2020, I x D = 4 million,

AKA compares well with Spanish flu 1918-20

Fact: an annual average of 500 000 flu deaths in 2009-2019;

 

Hypothesis 03 – Origin of COVID pandemic

An optimistic case. Genetical engineering research on the military, political, and/or ideological competing agenda in China, USA, Israel, UK, Russia. A man-made virus always has an antidote vaccine to be released upon the achievement of objectives of the agenda. The population accepts massive vaccination, even if it has infertility as a side effect. Controlled reduction of the world population to the size defined by the agenda.

A pessimistic case. Pandemic as a result of mutation of coronavirus uncontrolled by humans. Genetical engineering research develops ASAP a vaccine against Covid-19 that may have infertility as a side effect. AKA, vaccines against Ebola or AIDS stop Covid-19 but has infertility as collateral. Uncontrolled reduction of the world population by die-outs until it develops immunity. The size of the reduction is a guess.

Corollary 

History will repeat itself. Surviving historians will rewrite history to suit the surviving powers.

Population statistics wargame

The population of  20 major cities in China is 250 million, 50% of the population lives in cities, grain production 500 million tons, rice 200 million tons. The average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. The population estimate does not exceed 700 million.

The population of  20 major cities in India is 75 million, 15% of the population lives in cities, grain production 300 mln tons, rice 200 mln tons. The average per head consumption including transformation is 1 ton per annum. The population estimate does not exceed 500  million.

Corollary: the actual population is closer to 6 than to 8 billion people.

H.s. sapiens subspecies has barely survived the Ice Age that started 110 000 years ago and finished 10 000 years ago but was followed by “stimulating” Little Ice Ages and volcanic eruptions. We enter by 2020 into New Little Ice Age, increased climate instability, and volcanic activity.

Europe had good luck with the early medieval warm period from 850 to 1350 followed by Little Ice Age of 1350 to 1850 which literally pushed it into Renaissance and Enlightenment, induced scientific and technical superiority compared of Europe to Eurasia. From 1452 to 1850 Europeans colonized the Globe.

Present Chart of climate waves is based on ice core probes from Greenland is irrefutable, historical legends referred thereto are not. Being based on erroneous chronology invented in XVII century all events, empires, kingdoms prior to XVI century  “related” in consensual history are alleged. 

Continue reading “Population vs. Pandemic, Debt, Climate?”

Methods

Statistical correlation of texts

The basic assumption is that a text that describes a sequence of events will devote more space to more important events (for example, a period of war or unrest will have much more space devoted to than a period of peaceful, non-eventful years), and that this irregularity will remain visible in other descriptions of the period.

For each analyzed text, a function is devised that maps each year mentioned in the text with the number of pages (lines, letters) devoted in the text to its description (which could be zero). The function of the two texts is then compared.

For example: the allegedly contemporary history of Rome written by Titus Livius with a modern history of Rome written by Russian historian V. S. Sergeev, have a high correlation, and thus that they describe the same period of history, which is undisputed.

When modern texts which describe different periods are compared, we have a low correlation, as expected. However, when, the allegedly ancient history of Rome and the irrefutable medieval history of Rome are compared, we have a high correlation. The conclusion is that the ancient history of Rome is a copy of the medieval history of Rome, thus ancient Rome did not exist, it is a version written in the middle ages.

Statistical correlation of dynasties

Two dynasties of rulers using statistical methods are compared. First, a database of rulers, containing relevant information on each of them. For each pair of the rulers, are created “survey codes” which contain a number which describes a degree of the match of each considered property of two rulers.

For example, one of the properties is the way of death: if two rulers were both poisoned, they get the value of +1 in their property of the way of death; if one ruler was poisoned and another killed in combat, they get -1; and if one was poisoned, and another died of illness, they get 0 (there is a possibility that chroniclers were not impartial and that different descriptions nonetheless describe the same person). An important property is the length of the rule.

A number of pairs of unrelated dynasties are listed – for example, dynasties of kings of Israel and emperors of late Western Roman Empire (AD 300-476) – and claimed that this method demonstrates correlations between their reigns. (Graphs that show just the length of the rule in the two dynasties are the most widely known; however, Dr. Fomenko’s conclusions are also based on other parameters, as described above.)

Dr. Fomenko also claims that the regnal history from the 17th to 20th centuries never shows a correlation of “dynastic flows” with each other, therefore Fomenko insists history was multiplied and outstretched into imaginary antiquity to justify this or other “royal” pretensions.

Fomenko uses for the demonstration of correlation between the reigns exclusively the data from the Chronological Tables of J. Blair (Moscow 1808–09). Fomenko says that Blair’s tables are all the more valuable to us since they were compiled in an epoch adjacent to the time of Scaligerian chronology. According to Fomenko these tables contain clearer signs of “Scaligerite activity” which were subsequently buried under layers of paint and plaster by historians of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Astronomical evidence

Fomenko examines astronomical events described in ancient texts and claims that the chronology is actually medieval:

Fomenko says that the mysterious drop in the value of the lunar acceleration parameter D” (“a linear combination of the [angular] accelerations of the Earth and Moon”) between AD 700–1300, according to the American astronomer Robert Newton could not be explained in terms of “non-gravitational” (i.e., tidal) forces.

By eliminating those anomalous early eclipses the New Chronology produces a constant value of D” beginning around AD 1000. Conclusion: alleged eclipses that accompanied key events of the world history did not take place neither in location nor in time alleged in ancient chronicles of which the originals have disappeared.

Fomenko associates initially the Star of Bethlehem with the AD 1140 (±20) supernova (now the Crab Nebula) and the Crucifixion Eclipse with the total solar eclipse of AD 1170 (±20). He also believes that Crab Nebula supernova could not have been seen in AD 1054, but probably in AD 1153. He connects it with the total eclipse of AD 1186.

Fomenko refutes archeoastronomy as a fallacious circular exercise based on the erroneous clerical chronology of Jesuits Scaliger and Petavius. Fomenko holds in strong doubt the veracity of ancient Chinese astronomical data.

Fomenko pursues the research of Robert R. Newton and argues that the star catalog in the Almagest, ascribed to the Hellenistic astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, was compiled in the 15th to 16th centuries AD.

With this objective in sight he develops new methods of dating old stellar catalogs and claims that the Almagest is based on data collected between AD 600 and 1300, whereby the telluric obliquity is well taken into account.

Fomenko refines and completes Morozov’s analysis of some ancient horoscopes, most notably, the so-called Dendera Zodiacs—two horoscopes drawn on the ceiling of the temple of Hathor — and comes to the conclusion that they correspond to either the 11th or the 13th century AD.

Fomenko makes computer-aided dating of all 37 Egyptian horoscopes that contain sufficient astronomical data, and claims they all fit into the 11th to the 19th-century timeframe. Traditional history usually either interprets these horoscopes as belonging to the 1st century BC or suggests that they weren’t meant to match any date at all.

In his final analysis of an eclipse triad described by the ancient Greek Thucydides in History of the Peloponnesian War, Fomenko dates the eclipses to AD 1039, 1046, and 1057. Because of the layered structure of the manuscript, he claims that Thucydides actually lived in medieval times, and in describing the Peloponnesian War between the Spartans and Athenians he was actually describing the conflict between the medieval Navarrans and Catalans in Spain from AD 1374 to 1387.

Fomenko claims that the abundance of dated astronomical records in cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia is of little use for the dating of events, as the astronomical phenomena they describe recur cyclically every 30–40 years.

Fomenko points out that the texts of Babylonian astronomical diaries, with records of precise astronomical observations of the Moon and planets, were dated in XVI-XVIII centuries in terms of the reigns of alleged historical figures taken from the chronological tables of Scaliger and Petavius.

Astronomical retro calculations are clearly circular as observations registered on clay tablets and cylinders are dated not from astronomical information therein contained, but from the alleged rulers’ reigns, to within a single day, which was taken from Scaliger and Petavius tables.

Thus the dates obtained agree with the accepted chronology. Thus archaeoastronomer F. R. Stephenson has ‘demonstrated’ through a systematic study of a large number of Babylonian, Ancient and Medieval European, and Chinese records of eclipse observations from Almagest of Ptolemy that they can be dated consistently with the conventional chronology of Scaliger and Petavius at least as far back as 600 BCE.

Dr. Stephenson claims to have destroyed the basis of the New Chronology thanks to the data of eclipses from Babylonian clay tablets and antediluvian Chinese records.  This ‘destruction’ is fallacious as there is no vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols produced that can be applied to clay tablets for the extraction of unique dates of eclipses allegedly written on them.

Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for irrefutable non-circular dating. Either there are not enough symbols allowing for unique astronomical interpretation, or the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.

An eclipse can easily be found for each allegedly ancient event mentioned in clay cylinder or tablet the age of which is an alleged one also.  Consequently, the dates of eclipses are attached to tablets in a circular manner. On the contrary Zodiacs from Egyptian Temples contain abundant astrological, i.e. astronomical information that is sufficient for non-circular unique dating. See Contents of Part 2, vol.III.

Dr Stephenson argues: ancient dates of Babilon eclipses coincide with dates of Babilon eclipses described in Ptolemy’s Almagest, but forgets to mention that Almagest composed in XVI describes events of X-XVI centuries. Dr. R.R.Newton called Ptolemy “the most successful fraud in the history of science. “Circulus Vicious.

Poor astronomical data in Babylon – abundant astronomical data in Egypt

Rejection of common dating methods

On archaeological dating methods, Fomenko claims:

“Archaeological, dendrochronological, paleographical and carbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artifacts are both non-exact, circular and contradictory, therefore there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artifact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century.” — Anatoly Fomenko, History: Fiction or Science? (Chronology 1) [Second edition].

Dendrochronology

Dendrochronology is rejected with a claim that, for the dating of objects much older than the oldest still living trees, it isn’t an absolute, but a relative dating method, and thus dependent on traditional chronology. Fomenko specifically points to a break of dendrochronological scales around AD 1000.

The dendrochronological sequences beginning with living trees from various parts of North America and Europe cannot be extended back 12,400 years into the past. Both relative and a fully anchored dendrochronology series going back past 1000 AD fallacious as based on a non-significant number of samples.

Radiocarbon dating

Fomenko also cites a number of cases where carbon dating of a series of objects of known age gave significantly different dates. He also alleges undue cooperation between physicists and archaeologists in obtaining the dates, since most radiocarbon dating labs only accept samples with an age estimate suggested by historians or archaeologists.

Fomenko also claims that carbon dating over the range of AD 1 to 2000 is inaccurate because it has too many sources of error that are either guessed at or completely ignored, and that calibration is done with a statistically meaningless number of samples.

Moreover, initial calibrations of the radiocarbon dating method were made in the Arizona University laboratory on wooden samples delivered and dated ad hoc by an archaeological expedition of 1955-57 of the same Arizona University to Sinai, Egypt. Consequently, Fomenko concludes that carbon dating in its present form based on fallacious initial calibrations curves is circular and not accurate enough to be used on the historical scale.

Numismatic dating

Fomenko rejects numismatic dating as circular, being based on the traditional chronology, and points to cases of similar coins being minted in distant periods, unexplained long periods with no coins minted, and cases of mismatch of numismatic dating with historical accounts.

Has history been tampered with?

Refutation of the article from Wikipedia

Lockdown of the common sense

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

Jesus

Hightime to forecast the future based on a consistent history!

New Chronology

The research of earth-moon telluric rotation by the late chief astrophysicist of NASA Robert Russel Newton leads mathematicians of MSU to a breakthrough in the chronology of world history. The timeline of the civilization based exclusively on irrefutably dated events and artifacts shrinks to approximately 1000 years, key events find their true place on the time axis.

The erroneous chronology we live with was essentially crafted by Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius in the XVI-XVII from the contradictory mix of the copies of ancient Latin, Greek, Hebraic and Aramaic manuscripts (all originals have mysteriously disappeared) cemented by the authority of the Church Fathers.

History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised Expanded Edition. See Table of Contents.

The most probable prototype of the historical Jesus was Andronikos I Komnenos (allegedly AD 1183 to 1185), the Emperor of Byzantine, reflected in the consensual history for his numerous failed reforms; his traits and deeds reflected in ‘biographies’ of many real and imaginary persons. According to New Chronology, the New Testament is the rendition of religious events of the XIIth century AD.

Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the followers and relatives of Jesus alias Emperor Andronicus killed during a religious mutiny. Crusades have ended with the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. 

History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 See Table of Contents

The historical Jesus Christ is a composite figure and reflection of the Bible prophet Elisha, Osiris, the god of the death, life, and resurrection, Pope Gregory VII, Saint Basil of Caesarea, and even Li Yuanhao (“Son of Heaven”), Euclides, Dionysius and Andronikos I Komnenos, the emperor of Byzantine.

The seemingly vast differences in the biographies of these figures result from a difference in languages, points of view, and time frame of the authors of said accounts and biographies. The historical Jesus Christ – Andronikos I Komnenos – may have been crucified around 1185 AD on Joshua’s Hill, overlooking the straits of Bosphorus following mutiny caused by the conflict of religious ideas.

If Jesus was born today

Astronomical phenomena reflected in the New Testament as the Star of Bethlehem that coincides with the Crab supernova explosion in 1152 A.D., the full solar eclipse in 1185 A.D. during the alleged Crucifixion support them as key dates in the life of Jesus Christ. The same dates included in Zodiacs and horoscope of Egyptian Temples relative to Osiris reinforce further the credibility of the advanced key dates.

History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents.

The Bible idem the Old Testament was composed in Latin from the Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew sources in XV-XVI representing the events of the XIII – XVII centuries AD in Europe and Byzantine as very ancient ones. The Old Testament contains doctrines, dogmas, axioms, ideas, and hints of social order, and “prophecies” about “future” events described in the New Testament.

Excerpts from the Bible were read in Latin to the public by the priests from the pulpits of Catholic Cathedrals. Roman Curia opposed the translation and circulation of the Bible up to the XVII (i.e. Tyndale was burned at a stake). The invention of printing by Gutenberg in 1455 AD led to the availability of the New and Old Testaments all over Europe.

The Bible was translated into European languages and mass distributed starting XVI.  The availability of the Gospels and Scriptures in native languages led to the conflict of the interpretations of texts therein contained between the Church and the Bible. The Bible became the main instrument of the Protestant Reformation.

History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. See Table of Contents.

New Chronology of religions runs as follows: the polytheism followed by monotheism in the pre-Christian period (before the XIth and the figurehead of Jesus Christ), Dionysus-Bacchus Christianity (XIth and XIIth before and after the life of Jesus), Christendom (XIIth to XIVth centuries) and its subsequent mutations into Orthodox Christianity, Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism (sic!) and, Islam (sic!) in XIVth to XVIth centuries.

Antiquity as prime Agenda of Europe

By the middle of the XVI century the prime political agenda of Europe that already has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.

The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite the severe fight with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV-XVII centuries – the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages served this agenda perfectly.

The fictional Ancient World that was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists, and scientists served their particular agendas too by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the sources they wrote under aliases.

The European aristocracy, i.e. partly fugitives from Byzantine and partly inheritors of the former Eurasian warlords, justified thus their claims of self-rule for their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the orthodoxy of the Evil Empire, Protestants, humanists and scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.

The Breakthrough New Chronology books published in the USA open new perspectives to check the veracity of History by application of mathematics, statistics, and astronomy in the same manner as they were applied to genetics. 

Indeed, the time has come to check chronology scientifically as it is the true foundation of history. Moreover, world history must not serve Judeo-Christian, Eurocentric or any other agenda, it must become the rocket science reporting irrefutably the past of homo sapience species.

Axioms of the New Chronology:

  • Chronology is the basis of history;
  • Human evolution has always been linear, gradual and irreversible;
  • The “cyclic” nature of human civilization is a myth; all the gaps, duplicates, Dark Ages and “renaissances” are fictional;
  • The geographical knowledge and cartography is a gradual and irreversible process; the closer in time to the events is a manuscript describing them is the fewer distortions it contains;

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

If Jesus was born today

Jesus vs. Devil match

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Jesus passes the broom?

Secret service of Jesus

Jesus failed miracle

Jesus, at the Nazareth school

Jesus secret operation

Jesus Fake Wine Plot

Jesus, Krishna, and Buddha

Last supper in China

Jesus vs McDonalds

Jesus menu for People

Jews convert to Christians

More blogs:

Crazy Moon and Earth

The irregular behavior of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon telluric system discovered in 1971 by Dr. Robert R. Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval or fictitious. Conclusion: either astronomy or chronology of history is wrong.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

ATF-2-Astronomy-3dCase A: the Sun-Earth-Moon telluric system became stable only after the XIII century. That is astronomically impossible.

Case B: 1000 years ago civilization homo sapience didn’t exist, therefore people could not write as yet (sic!) to register exactly the events of the full solar eclipses. This is possible but contradicts the consensual chronology of world history completely.

Corollary: the consensual chronology elaborated by Scaliger and Petavious is wrong.

The strange leap of parameter D” in the theory of lunar motion

Nowadays we have special calculation tables – the so-called canons – whose compilation was based on the theory of lunar motion. They contain the date of each eclipse, the area to be covered by the lunar shadow, the phase, etc. See the famous astronomical canon of Ginzel, for instance. If an ancient text describes some eclipse in enough detail, we can determine what characteristics of the eclipse had been observed – the phase, the geographical area that the shadow passes over, etc.

The comparison of these characteristics to the referential ones contained in the tables may give a concurrence with an eclipse possessing similar characteristics. If this proves a success, we can date the eclipse. However, it may turn out that several eclipses from the astronomical canon don’t fit the description; in this case, the dating is uncertain. All the eclipses described in the “ancient” and medieval sources have been dated by the following method to some extent at least.

Nowadays the dates of the “ancient” eclipses are occasionally used in astronomical research. For instance, the theory of lunar motion has the notion of the so-called parameter D” – the second derivative of lunar elongation that characterizes acceleration. Let us remind the reader of the definition of elongation.

1N02-001Fig. 2.1 shows the solar orbit of the Earth and the telluric orbit of the moon. The angle between the vectors ES and EM is called lunar elongation D – the angle between the lines of sight drawn from the Earth to the Sun and the moon. Apparently, it is time-dependent. An example of the elongation of Venus can be seen in the picture on the right. Maximal elongation is the angle where the line of sight as drawn from Earth to Venus (E’V’) touches the orbit of Venus. One has to note that the orbits in fig. 2.1 are shown as circular while being elliptic in reality – however, since the eccentricity is low here, the ellipses are schematically drawn as circles.

Fig. 2.1. Lunar elongation is the angle between the vectors ES and EM. The elongation of Venus is the angle between ES and EV. The maximal elongation of Venus is the angle between E’S and E’V’.

Some computational problems related to astronomy require the knowledge of lunar acceleration as it had been in the past. The problem of calculating parameter D” over a large time interval as a time function was discussed in detail by the Royal Society of London and the British Academy of Sciences in 1972, and swept under the carpet.

The calculation of the parameter D” was based on the following scheme: the equation parameters of lunar motion, including D”, are taken with their modern values and then varied in such a way that the theoretically calculated characteristics of ancient eclipses coincide with the ones given for dated eclipses in ancient documents.

Parameter D” is ignored for the calculation of actual eclipse dates, since the latter is a rougher parameter whose calculation does not require the exact knowledge of lunar acceleration. Alterations in lunar acceleration affect secondary characteristics of the eclipse, such as the shadow track left by the moon on the surface of the Earth, which may be moved sideways a little.

The time dependence of D” was first calculated by the eminent American astronomer Robert Russel Newton. According to him, parameter D” can be “defined well by the abundant information about the dates scattered over the interval from 700 B.C. until the present day” ([1304], page 113). Newton calculated 12 possible values of parameter D”, having based them on 370 “ancient” eclipse descriptions.

Since R. Newton trusted Scaligerian chronology completely, it is little wonder that he took the eclipse dates from Scaligerian chronological tables. The results of R. Newton combined with the results obtained by Martin, who has processed about 2000 telescopic observations of the moon from the period of 1627-1860 (26 values altogether) have made it possible to draw an experimental time dependency curve for D”, qv fig. 2.2

1N02-002Fig. 2.2. The D” graph calculated by Robert Newton. Parameter D” is measured here as seconds divided by century. Parameter D” performs a sudden leap on the interval of the alleged VI-XI centuries A.D. Taken from [1303] and [1304].

According to R. Newton, “the most stunning fact… is the drastic drop in D” that begins with 700 [A.D. – A. F.] and continues until about 1300… This drop implies the existence of a “square wave” in the osculating value of D”… Such changes in the behavior of D”, and such rates of these changes, cannot be explained by modern geophysical theories” ([1304], page 114; [1453]).

Robert Newton wrote an entire monograph titled Astronomical Evidence Concerning Non-Gravitational Forces In The Earth-Moon System ([1303]) that was concerned with trying to prove this mysterious gap in the behavior of D”, which manifested as a leap by an entire numeric order. One has to note that these mysterious non-gravitational forces failed to manifest in any other way at all.

Having studied the graph that was drawn as a result of these calculations, R. Newton had to mark that “between the years (-700) and (+500), the value of D” remains the lowest as compared to the ones that have been observed for any other moment during the last 1000 years” ([1304], page 114).

Newton proceeds to tell us that “these estimations combined with modern data tell one that D” may possess amazingly large values, and that it has been subject to drastic and sudden fluctuations over the last 2000 years, to such an extent that its value became inverted around 800 A.D.” ([1453], page 115). This means that either the Moon changed its orbit dramatically during V to  XI or Earth accelerated its rotation drastically. (sic!) .

Summary:

  1. The D” value drops suddenly, and this leap by an entire order begins in the alleged V century A.D.;
  2. Beginning with the XI century and on, the values of the parameter D” become more or less constant and close to its modern value;
  3. In the interval between the alleged V and XI centuries, A.D. one finds D” values to be in complete disarray.

Contrary to the Neutral Point of Opinion (NPOV, sic!) rule the mainstream lies in WIKI:  “American astronomer Robert Newton had explained the drop of parameter D” in terms of “non-gravitational” (i.e., tidal) forces”, whereby Robert Newton says in the article they refer to: “There are no satisfactory explanations of the accelerations. Existing theories of tidal friction are quite inadequate.”

CHRON3-3d-406x496-ChristThe strange behavior of parameter D” has a valid explanation within the paradigm of the New Chronology.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

The consensual erroneous chronology was elaborated in XVI-XVII centuries by kabbalist-numerologist Joseph Scaliger and his disciple Jesuit Dionysius Petavious. The mathematicians Dr. Fomenko and Dr. Nosovskiy have developed the theory of New Chronology that explains this phenomenon and corrects the parameter D” but leads to the revision of chronology and world history.

ATF-1-Chronology-3dThe timeline of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events move to their more probable place on the time axis. Сivilization is thereby defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication.

Has history been tampered with?

atf-7volumes-clock-1024x576-jc-e1489076744403

Refutation of the article in Wikipedia about the New Chronology

 LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction of Science?: Conquest of the world. Europe. China. Japan. Russia (Chronology) (Volume 5)

Table of Contents V5

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.   

Table of Contents V4

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.

Table of Contents V3

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 

Table of Contents V2

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I, 2nd revised Expanded Edition. 

Table of Contents V1

Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.

More blogs: