“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”– George Orwell, 1984.
By the middle of XVIth century, the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies but was still inferior militarily was to free itself from the yoke and control of the “Evil” Empire of Eurasia.
Basic assumption is that a text that describes a sequence of events will devote more space to more important events (for example, a period of war or an unrest will have much more space devoted to than a period of peaceful, non-eventful years), and that this irregularity will remain visible in other descriptions of the period.
For each analyzed text, a function is devised that maps each year mentioned in the text with the number of pages (lines, letters) devoted in the text to its description (which could be zero). The function of the two texts is then compared.
Example: the allegedly contemporary history of Rome written by Titus Livius with a modern history of Rome written by Russian historian V. S. Sergeev, have a high correlation, and thus that they describe the same period of history, which is undisputed.
When modern texts which describe different periods are compared, we have low correlation, as expected. However, when, the allegedly ancient history of Rome and the irrefutable medieval history of Rome are compared, we have a high correlation. The conclusion is that ancient history of Rome is a copy of the medieval history of Rome, thus ancient Rome did not exist, it is a version written in middle ages.
Statistical correlation of dynasties
Two dynasties of rulers using statistical methods are compared. First, a database of rulers, containing relevant information on each of them. For each pair of the rulers, are created “survey codes” which contain a number which describes a degree of the match of each considered property of two rulers.
For example, one of the properties is the way of death: if two rulers were both poisoned, they get value of +1 in their property of the way of death; if one ruler was poisoned and another killed in combat, they get -1; and if one was poisoned, and another died of illness, they get 0 (there is possibility that chroniclers were not impartial and that different descriptions nonetheless describe the same person). An important property is the length of the rule.
A number of pairs of unrelated dynasties are listed – for example, dynasties of kings of Israel and emperors of late Western Roman Empire (AD 300-476) – and claimed that this method demonstrates correlations between their reigns. (Graphs which show just the length of the rule in the two dynasties are the most widely known; however, Dr. Fomenko’s conclusions are also based on other parameters, as described above.)
Dr. Fomenko also claims that the regnal history from the 17th to 20th centuries never shows a correlation of “dynastic flows” with each other, therefore Fomenko insists history was multiplied and outstretched into imaginary antiquity to justify this or other “royal” pretensions.
Fomenko uses for the demonstration of correlation between the reigns exclusively the data from the Chronological Tables of J. Blair (Moscow 1808–09). Fomenko says that Blair’s tables are all the more valuable to us since they were compiled in an epoch adjacent to the time of Scaligerian chronology. According to Fomenko these tables contain clearer signs of “Scaligerite activity” which were subsequently buried under layers of paint and plaster by historians of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Fomenko examines astronomical events described in ancient texts and claims that the chronology is actually medieval:
Fomenko says that the mysterious drop in the value of the lunar acceleration parameter D” (“a linear combination of the [angular] accelerations of the Earth and Moon”) between the years AD 700–1300, according to the American astronomer Robert Newton could not be explained in terms of “non-gravitational” (i.e., tidal) forces.
By eliminating those anomalous early eclipses the New Chronology produces a constant value of D” beginning around AD 1000. Conclusion: alleged eclipses that accompanied key events of the world history did not take place neither in location nor in time alleged in ancient chronicles of which the originals have disappeared.
Fomenko associates initially the Star of Bethlehem with the AD 1140 (±20) supernova (now the Crab Nebula) and the Crucifixion Eclipse with the total solar eclipse of AD 1170 (±20). He also believes that Crab Nebula supernova could not have been seen in AD 1054, but probably in AD 1153. He connects it with the total eclipse of AD 1186.
Fomenko refutes archeoastronomy as a fallacious circular exercise based on the erroneous clerical chronology of Jesuits Scaliger and Petavius. Fomenko holds in strong doubt the veracity of ancient Chinese astronomical data.
Fomenko pursues the research of Robert R. Newton and argues that the star catalog in the Almagest, ascribed to the Hellenistic astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, was compiled in the 15th to 16th centuries AD.
With this objective in sight he develops new methods of dating old stellar catalogs and claims that the Almagest is based on data collected between AD 600 and 1300, whereby the telluric obliquity is well taken into account.
Fomenko refines and completes Morozov’s analysis of some ancient horoscopes, most notably, the so-called Dendera Zodiacs—two horoscopes drawn on the ceiling of the temple of Hathor — and comes to the conclusion that they correspond to either the 11th or the 13th century AD.
Fomenko makes computer-aided dating of all 37 Egyptian horoscopes that contain sufficient astronomical data, and claims they all fit into 11th to the 19th-century timeframe. Traditional history usually either interprets these horoscopes as belonging to the 1st century BC or suggests that they weren’t meant to match any date at all.
In his final analysis of an eclipse triad described by the ancient Greek Thucydides in History of the Peloponnesian War, Fomenko dates the eclipses to AD 1039, 1046 and 1057. Because of the layered structure of the manuscript, he claims that Thucydides actually lived in medieval times and in describing the Peloponnesian War between the Spartans and Athenians he was actually describing the conflict between the medieval Navarrans and Catalans in Spain from AD 1374 to 1387.
Fomenko claims that the abundance of dated astronomical records in cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia is of little use for the dating of events, as the astronomical phenomena they describe recur cyclically every 30–40 years.
Fomenko points out that the texts of Babylonian astronomical diaries, with records of precise astronomical observations of the Moon and planets, were dated in XVI-XVIII centuries in terms of the reigns of alleged historical figures taken from the chronological tables of Scaliger and Petavius.
Astronomical retro calculations are clearly circular as observations registered on clay tablets and cylinders are dated not from astronomical information therein contained, but from the alleged rulers’ reigns, to within a single day, which was taken from Scaliger and Petavius tables.
Thus the dates obtained agree with the accepted chronology. Thus archaeoastronomer F. R. Stephenson has ‘demonstrated’ through a systematic study of a large number of Babylonian, Ancient and Medieval European, and Chinese records of eclipse observations from Almagest of Ptolemy that they can be dated consistently with the conventional chronology of Scaliger and Petavius at least as far back as 600 BCE.
Dr. Stephenson claims to have destroyed the basis of the New Chronology thanks the data of eclipses from Babylonian clay tablets and antediluvian Chinese records. This ‘destruction’ is fallacious as there is no vocabulary of Babylonian astronomical symbols produced that can be applied to clay tablets for extraction of unique dates of eclipses allegedly written on them.
Astronomical data therein contained is not sufficient for irrefutable non-circular dating. Either there are not enough symbols allowing for unique astronomical interpretation, or the symbols change from one clay tablet to another. The clay tablets contain data about eclipses visible in Babylon that could have taken place every 30-40 years, therefore don’t allow their exact pinpointing on the time axis.
An eclipse can easily be found for each allegedly ancient event mentioned in clay cylinder or tablet the age of which is an alleged one also. Consequently, the dates of eclipses are attached to tablets in a circular manner. On the contrary Zodiacs from Egyptian Temples contain abundant astrological, i.e. astronomical information that is sufficient for non-circular unique dating. See Contents of Part 2, vol.III.
Dr Stephenson argues: ancient dates of Babilon eclipses coincide with dates of Babilon eclipses described in Ptolemy’s Almagest, but forgets to mention that Almagest composed in XVI describes events of X-XVI centuries. Dr. R.R.Newton called Ptolemy “the most successful fraud in the history of science. “Circulus Viciousus.
Rejection of common dating methods
On archaeological dating methods, Fomenko claims:
“Archaeological, dendrochronological, paleographical and carbon methods of dating of ancient sources and artefacts are both non-exact, circular and contradictory, therefore there is not a single piece of firm written evidence or artefact that could be reliably and independently dated earlier than the XI century.” — Anatoly Fomenko, History: Fiction or Science? (Chronology 1) [Second edition].
Dendrochronology is rejected with a claim that, for the dating of objects much older than the oldest still living trees, it isn’t an absolute, but a relative dating method, and thus dependent on traditional chronology. Fomenko specifically points to a break of dendrochronological scales around AD 1000.
The dendrochronological sequences beginning with living trees from various parts of North America and Europe cannot be extended back 12,400 years into the past. Both relative and a fully anchored dendrochronology series going back past 1000 AD fallacious as based on a non-significant number of samples.
Fomenko also cites a number of cases where carbon dating of a series of objects of known age gave significantly different dates. He also alleges undue cooperation between physicists and archaeologists in obtaining the dates, since most radiocarbon dating labs only accept samples with an age estimate suggested by historians or archaeologists.
Fomenko also claims that carbon dating over the range of AD 1 to 2000 is inaccurate because it has too many sources of error that are either guessed at or completely ignored, and that calibration is done with a statistically meaningless number of samples.
Moreover, initial calibrations of radiocarbon dating method were made in Arizona University laboratory on wooden samples delivered and dated by ad hoc by an archaeological expedition of 1955-57 of the same Arizona University to Sinai, Egypt. Consequently, Fomenko concludes that carbon dating in its present form based on fallacious initial calibrations curves is circular and not accurate enough to be used on the historical scale.
Fomenko rejects numismatic dating as circular, being based on the traditional chronology, and points to cases of similar coins being minted in distant periods, unexplained long periods with no coins minted and cases of mismatch of numismatic dating with historical accounts.
“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana, American philosopher.
History was, is and will be tampered with if not stopped by Science. To boast, to lie, to pretend is a part of the human homo sapiens nature. On one hand, the winners justified the claims they laid to the titles, and lands by alleged ancestry and its glorious deeds. On the other hand, the court historians knew only too well how to please their masters. Continue reading “Has history been tampered with?”
“[Historical] revisionism … only means bringing history into accord with facts.” Harry Elmer Barnes (American historian, 1889–1968)
Correction of chronology based on exact sciences leads to the reconstruction of the world history.
Timeline of “Evil” Empires of Homo Sapiens species
The Civilization of homo sapiens species defined as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is very young, and fits in a timeframe of barely 1000 years. New Chronology theory doesn’t deny Pyramids, Great Wall of China, and Notre Dame, but points to the more probable datings of events and artifacts on the time axis based on irrefutable data. Consensual chronology of events is refuted as erroneous, subjective and contrary to astronomy, physics, logic and statistics.
Ancient World, Atlantis, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia, India, China, Aliens and ETs we are told about in thousands of books, films, are fantasy. The key dates on AD time axis based on New Chronology are presumed, and approximate. The climatic periods are irrefutable as based on data from ice core deposits in Greenland. The major movements of populations across the globe are based on billions of DNA samples collected in the last 50 years.
Hypothesis A: The conditions of survival, improved about 10 000 years ago allowing the multiplication of species of homo sapience in geometrical progression. The species began about 500 AD its progress from clans to tribes, to proto-states, to centralized governments, to proto-empires across Eurasia by 1000 AD, that competed for space and resources ending in the formation by 1300 AD of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia that ruled the lands.
Hypothesis B: This Superempire has subsequently disintegrated within the next 300 years due to various speeds of intellectual and technological development into competing parts. Western European part of “Evil” Empire has overtaken by about 1600 intellectually and technologically all other parts, and started their colonization. Moreover, Western Europe has nearly wiped out by the XVIII century in a concerted effort from the memory of peoples of the former “Evil” Empire its very existence.
Hypothesis C: The invention of mills to saw multiple boards from the logs, the invention of navigation instruments and optical instruments XV-XVII in Western Europe allowed the building of the oceangoing ships. Spain, Portugal, France, Holland, and England started the first industrial revolution, the commerce, and overseas colonization. England won this competition growing by the end of XVIII century from the small underpopulated province to a new “Evil” Empire of Great Britain that ruled the waves until XX century.
First Epoch: 500 – 800 AD.
According to anthropology the modern species of homo sapience has appeared about 120 000 years ago. Bad or good luck for us, as the Ice Age started about the same time. Very probably, we morphed into homo sapience thanks to the Ice Age. Most of the Northern hemisphere became unfit for our survival.
The Ice Age ended barely 10 000 years ago, and the human hunter-gatherers that survived started to multiply, and form clans and tribes in the deltas of the rivers of the Northern Hemisphere that were propitious for the survival of species.
Ouf!We can survive and multiply at last! Populations practice fluvial agriculture, hunting, and fishing, compete for space and resources. That war our first and last Paradise that lasted from 10 000 BC to 500 AD with an average lifespan of 30 years! Civilization as a hierarchical system consisting of state, army, ideology, religion, writing, and communication is inevitably coming to make our lifespan longer and us cleverer! Fare thee well Paradise! Pre-history of civilization starts by 500 A.D.!
Rising density of populations leads to the formation of social structures due to the selective competition between clans and tribes. The social structures of populations of deltas reach by 500 AD the level of the proto-states with the centralized pyramidal governance. Proto-states compete with each other for space and resources. Now we have resources and spare time to fight our neighbours, to multiply and expand!
We are illiterate heathens and pagans as yet. Multiple Littel Ice Ages during 10 000 BC to 850 BC slowed the proliferation of homo sapience species in Northern and Central Europe but allowed for one in Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Paganism rules. The Pre-history endsand Civilization begins by 800 A.D. with the invention of hieroglyphical writing.
Key Step: From Paganism we move to Polytheism AKA the system of dominant beliefs and worship practices that morph into structured religions.
Breakthrough: by 500 AD humans invent and use non-metal basic instruments, and simple weapons.
Breakthrough: By 800 AD we have just invented and started basic writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms that are difficult to learn and to use but made registration of events and issue and control of execution of orders of the centralized authority possible.
Key Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Nile and Euphrates rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that expand to Mare Nostrum shores and to Mesopotamia and fight with each other for space and resources. Civilization starts in 800 A.D.
Key Step: Proto-states in the Deltas of Ganges, Yangtze rapidly grow into the Kingdoms that will expand in India, Southeastern Asia, and China, compete for space and resources to turn into proto-empires.
Breakthrough: Writing with hieroglyphs and cuneiforms on papyri, plaster, textile, clay, stone supports make a centralized rule possible. Proto-states that appear across Eurasia morph with different speed into kingdoms with pyramidal social structure.
The hieroglyphic and cuneiform writing is descriptive and unsuitable for the composition and communication of complicated phrases and long texts. It takes up to 10 years to learn, it is difficult to teach and to use. Nevertheless, it is sufficient for building a pyramidal social structure. Literacy is reserved for scribes and priests that serve the centralized authority.
Second Epoch: 800 – 1000 AD. The Medieval Warm Period of 850-1350 AD begins in the Northern Hemisphere in 850 AD, therefore, the Kingdom of Egypt Kem expands further to the North, to the coastal Mediterranean and Minor Asia. Kem turns into Judea-Israel proto-Empire with the capital Yoros on Bosphorus and founds fiefs in Italy, Spain, France, England, Ireland, Northern Europe.
Jerusalem of 1000 BC, Babilon of 2000 BC, Troy of 3000 BC, Constantinople of 500 AD, and Czar-grad of 1000 AD we told about in the consensual history are alleged and actually are the same placeholder Yoros in Byzantium. The Issue with Troy
Key Step: Monotheism develops. Breakthrough: By 900 AD we learn across Eurasia to make and to use iron, steel, copper, bronze and invent the wheel.
Breakthrough: By 900 AD we create alphabetical writing, and invent papyri, and parchment as a support for information. This art of writing is much easier to learn, to teach and to use but the cost of parchment and papyri is prohibitive for wide application and the rapid spread of literacy.
All supports we use at that time for fixing information are expensive and difficult for writing, teaching, and everyday use. The composition of complicated phrases and texts stays difficult. Literature is impossible as yet. The spread of knowledge, technologies, and know-how is still complicated.
All allegedly ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek masterpieces of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, literature, and sciences were actually written in 1400-1800 AD under glorious aliases to keep the true authors thereof safe from the religious persecutions and inquisition.
Consensual characters of Antiquity: Priam, Helene, Achilles, Hector, Alexander the Great, Darius, Nebuchadnezzar, Euclid, Dionysius, Julius Caesar, Nero, Adrian, Caligula, Constantine, Ptolemy, Pharaoh, Cleopatra, etc..etc. These alleged characters were invented in the framework of the creation of imaginary Antiquity in Europe during XIII-XVI centuries.
The panopticum of Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter deities, half and quarter deities, their myths, and legends, deeds of heroes acting in events that reflected events of early Middle Ages or simply imagined served the agenda of the creation of Antiquity needed to wiggle from under Evil Empire.
Consensual placeholders of the antiquity: Ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, Babilon, Assyria. The Ancient Kingdom of Rome, Republic of Rome, Roman Empire. Consensual key events: Troy War, Spartan wars, Roman Wars, etc..all are alleged, fictitious, fallacious reflections of events that have actually taken place during 1200-1500 AD in Europe and Minor Asia.
All poems, legends, stories, literature written by allegedly ancient Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian and Chinese authors, poets, thinkers were ‘found’, AKA written during 1300-1800 under ‘ancient’ aliases. “Antiquity” sculptures and artefacts mass-produced in Italy in 1500-1800 AD in a widescale operation under the auspices of Medicis & Co.
Third Epoch: 1000 – 1200 AD. Proto-Empire Judea-Israel rules from the capital Yoros (idem Troy, Rome, Constantinople), situated on Bosphorus and expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe divided into Thems (fiefdoms). Medieval Warm Period of 850–1350 A.D. has facilitated both agriculture and construction in Europe and Asia.
Overpopulation of Scandinavia in Medieval Warm Period leads to conquests by Vikings of coastal Northern Europe, British Isles, Ireland, Island, and Greenland.
The Proto-Empire Judea-Israel is reflected in manuscripts of XIII-XV century AD as Ancient Greece, Persia, Jerusalem, Rome, Troy, Constantinople, Czargrad. Consensual alleged historycharacters: Alexander, Pharaoh, Nefertiti, Solomon, Cheops, Mithridates, Atilla, Caesar, Charlemagne, Clovis, King Arthur, Wilhelm the Conqueror, Prince Vladimir, Prince Oleg, Constantine, King Richard, etc..etc; The Issue with Antiquity
Key step: Polytheism transforms into pre-Christian Monotheism bound to split within the next 200 years into conflicting religions of the common Abrahamic root: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Breakthrough:We invent the bronze and steel instruments, armour and start shaving. According to the metallurgy, bronze is by far more complicated to produce than iron. Therefore all ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek statues of clean-shaven heroes and Emperors were made well after XII century AD.
We discover mathematics, geometry, mechanics, and algebra. We invent primitive and composite concretes and start in XI century building of aqueducts, cathedrals, roads, and bridges. We build the pyramids in the XIII century according to Fibonacci proportions discovered at that time! We invent by 1100 AD cheap paper in Byzance and start writing with vowels, reading complicated religious texts. We can make drafts, teach, disseminate knowledge.
With the help of non-expensive paper as information support, we can progress much faster. Starting with religious studies we develop literature and poetry, astrology and alchemy that will turn by XVI century into astronomy and chemistry. Clergy becomes writers and poets, knights compose and sing fine ballads.
We invent the stirrups for cavalry and learn the art to command the military formations. The rapid growth of “Evil” Empire across in Europe in XIII-XIV centuries and across Eurasia within in XV-XVI centuries takes place.
“Evil” Empire of Eurasia established during XIII-XIV centuries the road and seaway networks over long distances with key points at crossroads that turned into capitals of countries after the Empire disintegrated. This network facilitates the Epidemics of infectious diseases.
Black Death is a reflection of the extremely drastic measures in XIV-XV centuries undertaken by “Evil” Empire to prevent further spread of plagues by military operations, isolating and killing populations of infected territories in Europe under pretexts of religious and/or ethnic cleansing.
The invention of cavalry units with stirrups assured the overwhelming superiority and mobility of the “Evil” Empire armies. Due to the conflict of interest of Europe and Asia, due to intellectual superiority of western Thems (fiefdoms), the subsequent disintegration of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia within XVI-XVII centuries is inevitable.
Breakthrough:The Invention of cheap paper leads to the spread of alphabetic writing and religious literacy and proto-sciences.
Breakthrough: The translation of Christian texts into vernacular languages leads to the split within Catholic Christianity, the conflict between the Church and the Bible. Roman Curia forbade first English and German translations, burned at stake translators Ian Huss and Tyndall. Old and New Testament in vernacular languages became the base of Protestantism. Small Ice Ages lead to famines and peasant revolts, the sack of monasteries in Northern Europe in XV-XVI centuries.
Breakthroughs: We start by XI century the Construction of Big Projects, build 777 Wonders of the World, i.e. Pyramids, Sphinxes, Temples, Obelisks in Egypt, aqueducts, Coliseums, paved roads. The ruins of Coliseum in Rome were built as late as XVI century on order of Roman Pope!
Hieroglyphic writing is used for religious purposes and for the description of important events of 1200 – 1500 AD and/or religious notions on the walls and columns of temples and palaces in Egypt.
We create a vocabulary of astrological and astronomical symbols which allows the recording of dates of significant events. Most of the symbols are still used in astrology. Dates of crucial events are recorded in zodiacs and horoscopes painted or cut in stones in the Palaces and Temples of Egypt.
Jesus Christ Epoch: Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire of 1200 – 1300 AD. Pre-Christian Monotheism transforms into aggressive Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity. Christian Crusades to punish the tormentors of Jesus Christ (Byzantine emperor Andronicus?) are organized by Christians to Constantinople, idem Troy, idem Czar-Grad.
Orthodox Catholic Christianity expands into Western, Central and Eastern Europe. Christian Empire forms in Russia in XIII century and by XIV century it colonizes Central and Western Europe. “Evil” Empire loses step by step the control starting the XVth century. The consensual history describes it in XV-XVI centuries as the Roman Empire that allegedly lasted from 1000 BC to 500 AD.
Religious literacy, improvement of mathematics, astrology, and alchemy develop. Dozens of religious Universities spring across Western and Central Europe to become in less than a century the hotbeds of education.
Key Breakthrough: Monotheism transforms into Abrahamic pre-Christianity. The invention of cheap paper as information support makes the dissemination of ideas and proto-sciences across Europe and Minor Asia possible.
Key Breakthrough: Writing with vowels makes texts easily readable. Recording information by writing becomes simple. The composition of complicated phrases is simple. Long complicated texts and literature are feasible. Poetry and literature start developing disguised initially as ‘ancient’ Greek and Roman ones.
Key Breakthrough: Teaching to write and read becomes easier. Dissemination of knowledge is facilitated. The speed of proliferation of ideas increases. Conflicts based on different religious ideas of competing currents take place inevitably.
Key Breakthrough:Christianity becomes the prime mover of human civilization. Following a mutiny caused by a conflict of religious ideas, Byzantine Emperor Andronicus – allegedly born in 1152 A.D. in Crimea – is killed (crucified) in 1185 A.D. in Jerusalem idem Constantinople, and buried on the mountain of Beikos.
Pre-Christianity transforms into Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christianity with Emperor Andronicus as the probable prototype of Jesus Christ of the New Testament.
Key Breakthrough: Crusades. Crusade of 1189-1192 AD and Crusade in 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the subordinates and relatives of the late Emperor Andronicus. Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Crusades and Exoduses
Key Breakthrough: Religious education expands. Due to the powerful societal potential of ideas of Christianity, due to the increased speed of proliferation and dissemination of writing and reading, religious literacy and education become possible and spread. Hundreds of Christian monasteries, dozens of sects, schools, universities spring across Minor Asia and Europe.
Key Breakthroughs: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. XIII-XIV century AD – Slavic and Turkic Princes of Judea-Israel, blood relatives, and subordinates of Byzantine Emperor Andronicus recreate an Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire with Great Novgorod as its Center. This Empire makes a short-lived conquest of Central and Western Europe.
Great Novgorod consists of Wladimir-Suzdal-Yaroslavl-Kostroma-Moscow Golden Ring cities. Rem: Russian Czars are shown as direct heirs of Jesus on their family tree in Annunciation Cathedral of Kremlin.
Empire of Eurasia Epoch: 1300 – 1500 A.D. Orthodox Catholic Christianity splits into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic and Islam currents. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic. Orthodox Christianity splits further into Apostolic and Regal currents.
The Apostolic Christian part of the imperial ruling dynasty wins thebattle of Kulikovo (Moscow) in 1380 AD and founds the city of Mosques – White Moscow.
Key Breakthroughs: Colonisation of Europe in XIII-XIV century due to military superiority of Empire. Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire colonizes and baptizes Central and Western Europe. Rem: the swords, armour, decorations with Turkic, Slavonic, Arabic and allegedly illegible inscriptions are kept in European museums and Kremlin.
Rem: manuscript Orthodox Slavonic Bibles used in royal coronation rituals are still kept in the cathedral of Reims, France and Nikoping, Sweden. Remark: Helmets and armour of Russian Czars kept in Kremlin Armory bear Quran quotes. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet
Key Breakthrough: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire grows in XIII-XV centuries into a multi-confessional, multilingual centralized and ruthless “Evil” Empire of Eurasia with citizens strictly divided into hereditary castes: governing, civil, military nobles (Caucasians), transportation and equine relay network (Gypsies), taxation (Jews, origin of anti-Semitism), Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim clergy of common Abrahamic root. The Issue with Great Tartary
Key Breakthrough: Military superiority of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia. Due to the overwhelming superiority and mobility of cavalry troops, ruthless discipline, superior administration, organization, and communications network in Evil Empire, the colonization, and control of tribal territories or proto-states was very rapid. Equine relay network run by the caste of Gypsies and taxation system run by the caste of Jews is set up. “Blood tax”, i.e. conscription of population is enforced. The Issue with Tamerlane
The disintegration of the Evil Empire of Eurasia. 1500-1700 A.D. Key Breakthroughs:Empire of Eurasia rules the lands. The eventual resistance is ruthlessly crushed. The refusal to pay taxes due to the Emperor alias Czar alias Caesar alias Khan is punished by the ‘Tartar-Mongol invasions’.
Evil Empire of Eurasia (Great Tartary) builds castles, fortresses and road networks for troops, a long distance equine relay system with transportation speed up to 30 km/hour for governance and trade (horse and horseman are changed in relays). The Empire establishes provincial capitals in the key points of the road network. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic
The road network of Empire allows for trade between Eastern and Western parts of Empire. The East sells to the West spices, fine tissues, silk, precious and semi-precious stones. The West sells optics, watches, jewellery. Note the resemblance of the word Jew and Jewellery. Jews from the tax collectors caste were not poor.
Key Breakthroughs: Islam. Ottoman Empire. The network of roads and trade between formerly isolated populations across the Evil Empire Eurasia leads to the spread of infectious disease and plagues. To stop this spread the Ottoman Empire or the southern branch of Great Tartary cuts the supply of spices and silk from the East.
Evil Empire carries through large scale of sanitary and ethnic cleansing military operations in Balkans and splits into Ottoman and Russ-Horde branches to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Islam splits from Christianity completely. The Issue with Tamerlane
Key Breakthrough: Western European countries of the former Evil Empire: Spain, France, Portugal, Italy, Holland, and England, start building commercial and military maritime fleets to open new trade routes to the East by sailing around Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean. Rule the lands begins to lose to rule the waves!
Key Breakthroughs: Rapid development in Europe. The warlords of the conquering armies of Evil Empire often stayed as rulers in the colonized countries and made their rights hereditary. The heavy taxation by far away ‘Mongol’ Caesar alias Khan inspired separatist ideas to the heirs of the warlords.
Key Breakthroughs: European Aristocracy. The split of Christianity into Orthodox and Catholic currents prepares the ground for the separation of Europe from Evil Empire. The heirs of Imperial warlords become English, French, Spanish kings and form a class of European high aristocracy, fight dynastic wars.
Key breakthrough: the heirs of the warlords of Evil Empire that occupied in XIII-XIV centuries Central Europe formed in XV the century the Holy Roman Empire of German People with an Emperor elected by 7 German Princes Electors. Allegedly Roman Pope Leo III crowned on 25/12/800 the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor. The power of the Emperor was limited, princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire had de facto independence within their territories.
In fact, this Empire construct was neither Roman nor Holy. Most of the Princes turned Protestant.
Key breakthrough: Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon. The Empire has the same imperial banner as Russia (sic!).
Court historians invent ‘ancient’ dynasties for the heirs of warlords. Clergy duly explains the divine origin of royal power. Astrologists find abundant confirmations thereof in the sky. Rem: all solar eclipses of the alleged Antiquity described in `ancient` manuscripts turn out to be medieval. Astronomy vs. History
Key Breakthroughs: Gutenberg printing press. Propaganda becomes a major weapon. The invention of the printing press makes the production of the cheap multiple copies of documents and charts possible. Immediate application for military, governance, religious, education and propaganda purposes follow.
Key Breakthrough: The speed of information proliferation and dissemination of the art of writing, teaching, reading, and education increases by the order of magnitude. European ex-provinces of Evil Empire develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Eurasia.
Key breakthrough: Columbus discovered Americas in 1492. Spain and Portugal make important discoveries and conquests in the Americas, Africa, India, and China. They sign in 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the globe into two hemispheres dividing Spanish and Portuguese claims. Roman Pope Alexander VI complied and issued a Bull.
Hundreds of monasteries, thousands of schools increase literacy and dozens of universities spread science appear across Minor Asia and Europe. Propaganda becomes a powerful weapon for Europe. World history turns into the weapon of Propaganda. The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy
Key Breakthrough: “Re-Naissance”. To confirm the divine rights of the new ‘ancient’ ruling class of Europe, the learned people of Renaissance invent in the XIV-XVI century A.D. the history of Ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome and manufacture their paraphernalia eagerly bought by the rich and powerful.
Thousands of learned monks of different orders, white and black clergy, a new class of learned people toil for three centuries to elaborate ‘ancient’ languages, compose literature, philosophy masterpieces under resounding pseudonyms. Rem: artists and sculptors mass produce ‘ancient’ artefacts.The Issue with Antiquity
Key Breakthrough: Development of Science. For their own security, scientists made their discoveries public under fictitious glorious names of ‘ancient’ astronomers and ‘ancient’ philosophers, and under the cover of allegedly pre-diluvian scientific treaties. Astrology turns into astronomy, religion into philosophy, alchemy into chemistry.
Fearful of inquisition, scientists work under pseudonyms. The groundwork of Science is laid. To turn witchcraft into medicine, corpses are stolen and dissected. Anatomy theatres open in universities of Europe. Rem: at last Italian sculptors start to make anatomically correct beautiful `ancient` Greek and Roman sculptures. Dark Ages in Medieval History
Key Breakthrough: Separatism in Europe. After two centuries of ‘Mongol’ yoke, separatism takes hold in Western Europe, which by then has already invented shipbuilding, clocks, powder, guns, paper, printing, telescope and the microscope. Europe overtakes Europe in sciences. The concerted effort of Europe to escape the control of the Evil Empire with its crushing military superiority was inevitable.The Issue with Mongols
Key Breakthrough: Protestantism. German Princes, AKA the heirs of ‘Mongol’ warlords in Germany support Martin Luther’s reform of pro-imperial Catholic Church in Protestantism. The Bible is translated into native languages.
Key breakthrough: Little Ice Age that started by the middle of XVI century led to poor harvest and famine, and to massive pogroms of the Jewish network of imperial taxation. The sack of numerous Catholic cathedrals and monasteries take place in Germany and England.
Key Breakthrough: The Council of Trent of 1545-1563. Black and white Catholic clergy transform the pro-imperial Orthodox Catholic Church into the Roman Catholic Church. The Julian Calendar is replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582. A list of forbidden books is established, books are found and burnt. Jesuit set up the Order of Jesus and run the Inquisition.
Key Breakthroughs: War of Evil Empire Dynasties. Czar Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) was probably a fictitious character that stood for the compilation of four consecutive competing contenders to the Throne of Empire. European troops assure victories over Judea Kazan Khan and Tartar Khan of Crimea in the dynastic civil war.
The intestine struggle of dynasties during 50 years has decimated over 10,000 high ranking officers of the Russian Horde armies. That made the re-conquest of rebellious Europe by the “Evil” Empire unfeasible and the ensuing Great Strife in it inevitable. Time of Troubles lasted from 1584 to 1613. Russia suffered the civil war, Polish invasions and a famine that killed one-third of the population. Pro-western Dynasty of Romanov took the throne in 1613. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible
Key Breakthrough: a collective memory of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia is erased. Once the disintegration objective reached, Europe makes a concerted effort to erase the former “Evil” Empire and its very existence from the people’s memory. This effort is supported by the high nobility of Europe who already had their brand new ‘ancient’ history written.
Rem: Jesuit Chronology, which served for 300 years as the immutable basis of world history, is in fact composed by Kabbalist Joseph Scaliger (1585) and perfected by the Jesuit Dionysius Petavius (1627). The Issue with Chronology
Key Breakthrough: A list of forbidden authors is established by Roman Curia and ancient heretic and/or manuscripts are burnt all over Europe. Writings of ‘ancient’ Roman, Greek authors are mass produced by the Benedictine order, whereby the originals are never found.
Rem: multi-volume collections of ancient Greek and Roman authors appear before original masterpieces of the “ancients” are found, if found at all.
Key Breakthrough: A Great Strife begins in the Empire of Eurasia in 1584. German princes helped pro-European Romanov dynasty to usurp the throne of the Evil Empire of Eurasia in 1613. The Dynasty of Eurasian Czars is replaced by the pro-European Romanov one.
25 years old Czar Peter went to Europe for the first time in 1697 with a Grand Embassy to seek the settlement with of the European monarchs and the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire laid a siege of Vienna in In 1683. The ensuing war of Europe with Empire lasted until 1699. This Embassy was scheduled to take a couple of weeks lasted 2 years and ended in 1699. The King of England William III in concert with Kings of France, Austria, and Holland replaces the Russian Czar Peter with a look-alike agent in order to stop the imminent Russian and Ottoman invasions.
This agent was an officer of the Dutch Ost-India-Company. New Peter mastered both shipbuilding and was a prize duellist. Czar Peter I came home another man speaking Russian with the German accent. His own family did not recognize him, consequently, he banned his wife to a monastery, disbanded the guard of Streltsy, sent his half-sister Sophia who was supported guards sent her to a monastery. Peter ordered the nobility of boyars to cut beards, smoke tobacco and dance ballet.
The former provinces of the Evil Empire: China, Japan, Iran and Ottoman Empires become independent, but stay fiercely anti-European and anti-Romanov. The Ottoman Empire tries to re-conquer Western Europe in 1529 and again in 1683 (sic!); fails dismally both times.The Issue with Ivan the Terrible
Russian Empire of Eurasia Epoch. 1700-1917.
Peter the Great starts to build the New Russian Empire, modernizes his part of the former Evil Empire up to Moscow (city of Mosques), moves the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg.
Emperor Peter beats under Poltava in 1709, the King of Sweden Karl XII – who had the best army in Europe and was another pretender to the Russian throne.
In 1725, Peter the Great leaves a Testament ordering his heirs to make Russian Empire Great Again. The reign of Empress Elisabeth followed by Empress Catherine the Great is a travesty of the dynasty Peter the Great wanted but failed to found. In 1762, the pseudo Romanovs become the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov German dynasty of Russian (sic!) Czars, sorry, Emperors.
In 1773-1775, the Russian Empire crushes the Great Tartaryheaded by Pougatchev, the last pretender to the throne of the “Evil” Empire. In 1776-1796, the Russian Empire takes over the lands of the Muscovite Tartary and expands to Siberia, Alaska and North Western America, which it can’t control for a long time due to enormous distances and absence of fleet.The Testament of Peter the Great.
The timeframe of the civilization, based on New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artefacts, therefore it shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events are moved to their more probable place on the time axis.
From 500 A.D. to 1200 A.D. humans have invented instruments, arms, agriculture, writing, trade and industries, the structure of population morphed from clans, tribes, kingdoms, States into centrally governed Judea-Israel Empire; changed its religious beliefs from paganism and polytheism to Christianity. From 1200 A.D. to 1350 A.D. it transforms into the Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire of Eurasia.
The Medieval Warm Period of 850 A.D. – 1350 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the accelerated growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of 1350 A.d.– 1600 A.D. provoked the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries, the spread of Protestantism and the beginning of the disintegration of Empire of Eurasia.
Europe separates step by step from the embrace of “Evil” Empire of Eurasia in 1400 – 1600 and splits into competing English, French, German, Spanish kingdoms and Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.
England builds the Royal Navy to rule the waves and turns from a tiny impoverished kingdom into the enormous British Empire where the sun will never set down for Ost and West Indian Companies.
France mutates into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe and competes with Britain, Austria, and Spain on all fronts and in all domains.
The imbroglio of 300 kingdoms of Central Europe stays under Habsburg’s umbrella of Roman Empire of the German Nation that was neither Roman nor Empire but called itself Holy.
Spain discovered and colonized together with Portugal the Americas, erased local populations and cultures, baptized heathen Aztecs and Incas to the hilt and freed them from the burden of useless golden pagan decorations.
European provinces develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Empire of Eurasia.
By the middle of XVIth century the prime political agenda of Western and Central Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire of Eurasia.
The concerted effort of the Aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, the Protestants, Humanists, and Scientists in the creation and dissemination of the ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages during the XV-XVII centuries served this agenda perfectly.
The fictional Ancient World served their agendas to claim their particular priorities by representing events of the XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before and themselves as inheritors thereof, according to the Ancient Authorities they invented and confirmed by the sources they created under aliases.
The fugitives from Byzantine and inheritors of Eurasian warlords became the European aristocracy, and claimed the self-rule of their lands, the Roman Curia declared its priority over the Oriental Orthodoxy of the Evil Empire.
Protestants translated the New and the Old Testament into native languages to ensure the Christians independent exercise of their religion without voracious clergy. Humanists and Scientists prepared the Enlightenment under the cover of Antiquity.
The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists and scientists had each own vested interests and reasons to support the myths of Antiquity.
The Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.
The Roman Church moved the beginning of the Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem from Constantinople to Palestine to justify the leadership of the Western Christianity and its priority over the Oriental Christianity.
Reconstruction of History would require a new concerted united effort on the part of exact sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry, genetics, etc.. and humanities like archaeology, ancient art, and literature, linguistics, ancient architecture, etc..