Could the Czars Read Arabic?

Why the Armour of Russian warlords of XIV-XVII centuries was all covered with Arabic inscriptions from Quran they could not possibly read? Or could they? Russian Czars Alexander Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible wore helmets with Arabic inscriptions. Were the thousands of helmets, swords, sabers, shields, armor with Arabic inscriptions kept in Armoury of Kremlin the rich spoils of war with Arabs, Turks or the souvenirs of their ambassadors to Russian Czars? Nope, they are neither the spoils of war of victorious Russian Horde troops nor the presents from subjugated kingdoms and princes. They all are were made in Russia by Russian craftsmen of XIV-XVII centuries. According to Dr. Fomenko et al Russia was in XIII-XVII a trilingual state with Russian, Arabic, and Turkic as three official languages. Letters considered Arabic nowadays were used for transcribing Russian words. Russia, Europe, Turkey, and Persia had been part of the same Great = “Mongolian” Empire in XIII – XVI until it disintegrated during the Great Strife.

About the Author: Dr.Fomenko, Anatoly. Born in 1945. Full Member (Academician) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Full Member of the International Higher Education Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of the Moscow State University Department of Mathematics and Mechanics. Solved the classical Plateau s Problem from the theory of minimal spectral surfaces. Author of the theory of invariants and topological classification of integrable Hamiltonian dynamic systems. Laureate of the 1996 National Premium in Mathematics of the Russian Federation for a cycle of works on the Hamiltonian dynamic system multitude invariance theory. Author of 180 scientific publications, 26 monographs, and textbooks on mathematics, a specialist in geometry and topology, variational calculus, symplectic topology, Hamiltonian geometry and mechanics, computational geometry. Author of a number of books on the development of new empirical-statistical methods and their application to the analysis of historical chronicles as well as the chronology of Antiquity and the Middle Ages.