“Human history becomes more and more, a race between education and catastrophe.” – George Orwell, 1920, Outline of History
Greek Bible Manuscripts. Tischendorf’s History
The Sinai Code had been discovered only in the XIX century by the famous theologian K. Tischendorf (1815–1874). See his portrait in fig. 2.1. So, all three of the most ancient codes of the Bible appear only after the XV century A.D. or even after the XVII century. Moreover, the reputation of the antiquity of these documents was created only in the XIX century (!) on the authority of K. Tischendorf, who based it only on the “style of handwriting.”
However, the very idea of paleographic dating suggests the already known global chronology of other documents, and therefore in no way is an independent method of dating. What if they are of a later origin? After all, the Sinai Codex was discovered only in the XIX century, and the history of the Alexandrian Codex can be traced back not earlier than the XVII century.
Only the Vatican Code appeared in the Vatican, allegedly around 1475. However, his story is considered to be the darkest. The encyclopedia Christianity says the following: “When and whence he got there is unknown. … Before the discovery of the Sinai manuscript, the Vatican Code was considered the oldest and most important. But the information about it was vague and incorrect, since it was accessible only to the most insignificant number of chosen people and was kept secret for the rest”.
It is useful to get acquainted with the activities of the German theologian Tischendorf (1815–1874), on whose authority rests the dating of the allegedly IV century of the most ancient Greek Bible manuscripts available in various European book depositories.
Having secured a large subsidy from the Russian emperor, Tischendorf, who was at that time already a professor of the department of Biblical paleography specially arranged for him at the Theological Faculty of Leipzig University, went to Egypt and Sinai, where he found a handwritten copy of the Bible from the monks of St. Catherine, which he first printed (in 1862) as a document from the IV century discovered by him, and then seven years later presented to Emperor Alexander II, for which immediately and received Russian hereditary nobility.