Population

Population growth rate Vs. Ancient World History

According to population genetics and anthropology, our homo sapiens sapiens subspecies (anatomically modern humans) has grown to the actual population of 7.5 billion from a group of 20-30 persons that appeared in Africa 120-150 000 years ago and moved back and forth through Sinai to Eurasia.

H.s. sapiens subspecies has barely survived the Ice Age that started 110 000 and finished only 10 000 years ago. The Northern hemisphere became suitable for agriculture ensuring our species stable survival conditions. We restarted multiplying. Anthropology, DNA genetics, population genomics, modern evolutionary synthesis allow tracking the movements of subspecies populations across the globe.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised, expanded Edition. See Table of Contents

According to UN Population Institute, world population reached 1 billion by 1800 AD. UN Institute considers that humans can form a self-sustainable civilization with an initial population of 73 000.

Input: species X multiply in couples, produce 3 surviving children, have 25 years lifespan, favorable survival conditions are present, i.e. ideal fluvial agriculture in the delta of Nile, survival territory Y (Egypt, Mare Nostrum coasts).

Output: exponential population growth of 18% per generation of 25 years or annual 0.72% growth, and our species reaches after 48 generations the population of 1 billion in 1800 AD from starting initial population of 73 000 in 600 AD, die-outs due to the development of large sea and land transportation networks are excluded.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2. See Table of Contents

The above reverse calculation of the population growth points to the low probability of the complicated world history lasting over 1500 years to have really taken place as related. There was simply not enough population for all the events, characters, wars, armies of hundreds of thousands of warriors battling all over Eurasia.

On the contrary, it is highly probable that the artifacts and events related in the consensual version of history as very ancient have actually taken place in Xth-XVIth centuries. Most of these events and artifacts may have interpretations very different from the ones of the consensual history.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3.. See Table of contents

Compact history hypothesis: by approx. 1000 AD the population of our species reaches 2 million, forms a polytheistic proto-state Kem in Egypt, invents statehood, religion, literacy, basic instruments, armaments, and warfare, morphs into monotheistic Judea-Israel Empire and spreads in Europe. By approx. 1200 AD Judea-Israel Empire starts to expand as an Orthodox Catholic Christendom Empire in Europe and Eurasia.

The Medieval Warm Period of 950–1250 A.D. in Northern Europe A.D. helped the growth of agriculture, construction, trade, and industry. The economic consequences of the Little Ice Age of  1350 – 1600 lead to the peasant revolts, Jewish pogroms, the sack of rich Catholic monasteries and facilitated the Protestantism.

By approx. 1400 AD Christendom Empire transforms into the centralized “Evil Empire” of Eurasia that disintegrates by approx. 1600 AD. The over-abundant inconsistencies of the consensual history show that it is not a Science, but an Art of inventing the fairy tales of ‘ancient’ Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia, India and China that served the separation of Europe from Eurasia on the agenda of  the ruling powers of the Western Europe of XVI-XVII th centuries.

LOOK INSIDE History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4.. See Table of contents.


Ages in Chaos

The irregular behavior of parameter D” in the Earth-Moon system discovered in 1972 by Dr. Robert R.Newton, chief astrophysicist of  NASA proves irrefutably that solar eclipses of alleged antiquity reported to us in the “ancient” chronicles were actually medieval. This leads the mathematicians Dr. Fomenko and Dr. Nosovskiy to the theory of the New Chronology that explains this phenomenon.

The timeline of the world history, based on the New Chronology takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts, shrinks drastically to approximately 1000 years, and the key events move to their more probable place on the time axis.

The Papacy of Rome initiated the myths of Ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, and Babilon. All parties concerned, i.e. European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, humanists, and scientists had vested interests to support the myths of Antiquity but each of them for their own reasons.

The Roman Church moved the beginning of Christianity by 1200 years to the past into the imaginary Ancient Rome and the placeholder Jerusalem to Palestine to justify the leadership of Western Christianity and its priority over Oriental Christianity.

Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as Oriental Orthodox Catholic Christian Church followed by the subsequent splits, and mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

By the middle of XVI th century the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily, was to free itself from the control of the Evil Empire.

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Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko

(List is non-exhaustive)

  • Differential Geometry and Topology
  • Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York, and London.
  • Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
  • Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
  • The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
  • Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
  • Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
  • Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
  • Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
  • Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
  • USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
  • Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
  • USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
  • Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
  • Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
  • Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
  • Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
  • Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
  • The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
  • Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
  • Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
  • Taylor and Francis, 2003.
  • Empirical-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
  • Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
  • Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
  • Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
  • Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
  • New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
  • Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
  • Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.